Posidonia beds (Posidonion oceanicae)

Description (English)

Beds of Posidonia oceanica (Linnaeus) Delile characteristic of the infralittoral zone of the Mediterranean (depth: ranging from a few dozen centimetres to 30 - 40 metres). On hard or soft substrate, these beds constitute one of the main climax communities. They can withstand relatively large variations in temperature and water movement, but are sensitive to desalination, generally requiring a salinity of between 36 and 39 per 1000.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 1120)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Marine Mediterranean - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Habitat type Priority
Natura 2000 sites 488 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Invertebrates Asterina pancerii
Fishes Epinephelus guaza
Fishes Hippocampus ramulosus
Invertebrates Paracentrotus lividus
Invertebrates Pinna nobilis
Flowering Plants Posidonia oceanica
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Asterina pancerii Invertebrates
Epinephelus guaza Fishes
Hippocampus ramulosus Fishes
Paracentrotus lividus Invertebrates
Pinna nobilis Invertebrates
Posidonia oceanica Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
CY3000002 Cyprus SPA KAVO GKREKO Map
CY3000005 Cyprus KAVO GKREKO Map
CY3000006 Cyprus THALASSIA PERIOCHI NISIA Map
CY4000001 Cyprus PERIOCHI POLIS - GIALIA Map
CY4000006 Cyprus THALASSIA PERIOCHI MOULIA Map
CY4000010 Cyprus CHERSONISOS AKAMA Map
CY4000023 Cyprus ZONI EIDIKIS PROSTASIAS CHERSONISOS AKAMA Map
ES0000023 Spain L'Albufera Map
ES0000046 Spain Cabo de Gata-Níjar Map
ES0000060 Spain Prat de Cabanes i Torreblanca Map
ES0000078 Spain Es Vedrà - Es Vedranell Map
ES0000081 Spain Cap Enderrocat - Cap Blanc Map
ES0000082 Spain Tagomago Map
ES0000083 Spain Arxipèlag de Cabrera Map
ES0000084 Spain Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera Map
ES0000121 Spain Illots de Benidorm i Serra Gelada Map
ES0000214 Spain Espacio marino de Tabarca Map
ES0000221 Spain Sa Dragonera Map
ES0000227 Spain Muntanyes d'Artà Map
ES0000233 Spain D'Addaia a s'Albufera Map
ES0000234 Spain S'Albufera des Grau Map
ES0000242 Spain Illots de Santa Eulària, Rodona i es Canà Map
ES0000270 Spain Isla Cueva de Lobos Map
ES0000444 Spain Serra d'Irta (ZEPA) Map
ES0000447 Spain Espacio marino de Orpesa y Benicàssim Map
ES0000454 Spain Montgó-Cap de Sant Antoni Map
ES0000467 Spain Prat de Cabanes i Torreblanca (ZEPA) Map
ES0000471 Spain l'Albufera (ZEPA) Map
ES0000538 Spain ZEPA Espacio marino de Ifac Map
ES5120007 Spain Cap de Creus Map
ES5120013 Spain Massís de les Cadiretes Map
ES5120014 Spain L'Albera Map
ES5120015 Spain Litoral del Baix Empordà Map
ES5120016 Spain El Montgrí- Les Medes - El Baix Ter Map
ES5140001 Spain Litoral meridional tarragoní Map
ES5140007 Spain Costes del Tarragonès Map
ES5140020 Spain Grapissar de la Masia Blanca Map
ES5211007 Spain Montgó Map
ES5212005 Spain L'Almadrava Map
ES5213021 Spain Serra Gelada i Litoral de la Marina Baixa Map
ES5222007 Spain Alguers de Borriana-Nules-Moncofa Map
ES5223036 Spain Serra d'Irta Map
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ES5310023 Spain Illots de Ponent d'Eivissa Map
ES5310024 Spain La Mola Map
ES5310025 Spain Cap de Barbaria Map
ES5310030 Spain Costa de Llevant Map
ES5310035 Spain Àrea marina del Nord de Menorca Map
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ES5310068 Spain Cap Negre Map
ES5310069 Spain Cala d'Algairens Map
ES5310070 Spain Punta Redona - Arenal d'en Castell Map
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ES5310072 Spain Caleta de Binillautí Map
ES5310073 Spain Àrea marina Punta Prima - Illa de l'Aire Map
ES5310074 Spain De cala Llucalari a Cales Coves Map
ES5310075 Spain Arenal de Son Saura Map
ES5310077 Spain Es Rajolí Map
ES5310081 Spain Port des Canonge Map
ES5310082 Spain S'Estaca - Punta de Deià Map
ES5310094 Spain Cala Figuera Map
ES5310096 Spain Punta de n'Amer Map
ES5310097 Spain Àrea marina Costa de Llevant Map
ES5310099 Spain Portocolom Map
ES5310103 Spain Àrea marina Cap de cala Figuera Map
ES5310104 Spain Costa de l'Oest d'Eivissa Map
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ES5310110 Spain Àrea marina Platja de Tramuntana Map
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ES5310112 Spain Nord de Sant Joan Map
ES5310128 Spain Cap Enderrocat i cap Blanc Map
ES6110009 Spain Fondos Marinos de Punta Entinas-Sabinar Map
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ES6110020 Spain Islote de San Andrés Map
ES6170002 Spain Acantilados de Maro-Cerro Gordo Map
ES6170030 Spain Calahonda Map
ES6170036 Spain Fondos Marinos de La Bahía de Estepona Map
ES6170037 Spain El Saladillo - Punta de Baños Map
ES6200029 Spain Franja Litoral Sumergida de la Región de Murcia Map
ES6300001 Spain ISLAS CHAFARINAS Map
ESZZ16002 Spain Canal de Menorca Map
ESZZ16003 Spain Sur de Almería - Seco de los Olivos Map
ESZZ16006 Spain Espacio marino de Ifac Map
ESZZ16007 Spain Espacio marino de la Marina Alta Map
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FR9101413 France Posidonies de la côte palavasienne Map
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GR4340008 Greece LEFKA ORI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
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HR2000604 Croatia Nacionalni park Brijuni Map
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HR3000077 Croatia J dio o. Iža i o. Mrtovnjak Map
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IT9340091 Italy Zona costiera fra Briatico e Nicotera Map
IT9340092 Italy Fondali di Pizzo Calabro Map
IT9340093 Italy Fondali di Capo Vaticano Map
IT9340094 Italy Fondali Capo Cozzo - S. Irene Map
IT9350141 Italy Capo S. Giovanni Map
IT9350142 Italy Capo Spartivento Map
IT9350144 Italy Calanchi di Palizzi Marina Map
IT9350145 Italy Fiumara Amendolea (incluso Roghudi, Chorio e Rota Greco) Map
IT9350158 Italy Costa Viola e Monte S. Elia Map
IT9350160 Italy Spiaggia di Brancaleone Map
IT9350172 Italy Fondali da Punta Pezzo a Capo dell'Armi Map
IT9350173 Italy Fondali di Scilla Map
IT9350300 Italy Costa Viola Map
ITA010001 Italy Isole dello Stagnone di Marsala Map
ITA010024 Italy Fondali dell'Arcipelago delle Isole Egadi Map
ITA010025 Italy Fondali del Golfo di Custonaci Map
ITA010026 Italy Fondali dell'isola dello Stagnone di Marsala Map
ITA010027 Italy Arcipelago delle Egadi - area marina e terrestre Map
ITA010028 Italy Stagnone di Marsala e Saline di Trapani - area marina e terrestre Map
ITA010030 Italy Isola di Pantelleria e area marina circostante Map
ITA020046 Italy Fondali dell'isola di Ustica Map
ITA020047 Italy Fondali di Isola delle Femmine - Capo Gallo Map
ITA030012 Italy Laguna di Oliveri - Tindari Map
ITA030040 Italy Fondali di Taormina - Isola Bella Map
ITA030041 Italy Fondali dell'isola di Salina Map
ITA030042 Italy Monti Peloritani, Dorsale Curcuraci, Antennamare e area marina dello stretto di Messina Map
ITA030044 Italy Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre Map
ITA040012 Italy Fondali di Capo San Marco - Sciacca Map
ITA040013 Italy Arcipelago delle Pelagie - area marina e terrestre Map
ITA040014 Italy Fondali delle Isole Pelagie Map
ITA070028 Italy Fondali di Acicastello (Isola Lachea - Ciclopi) Map
ITA080005 Italy Isola dei Porri Map
ITA080010 Italy Fondali Foce del Fiume Irminio Map
ITA090026 Italy Fondali di Brucoli - Agnone Map
ITA090027 Italy Fondali di Vendicari Map
ITA090028 Italy Fondali dell'isola di Capo Passero Map
ITA090030 Italy Fondali del Plemmirio Map
ITB010001 Italy Isola Asinara Map
ITB010002 Italy Stagno di Pilo e di Casaraccio Map
ITB010003 Italy Stagno e ginepreto di Platamona Map
ITB010004 Italy Foci del Coghinas Map
ITB010006 Italy Monte Russu Map
ITB010007 Italy Capo Testa Map
ITB010008 Italy Arcipelago La Maddalena Map
ITB010009 Italy Capo Figari e Isola Figarolo Map
ITB010010 Italy Isole Tavolara, Molara e Molarotto Map
ITB010011 Italy Stagno di San Teodoro Map
ITB010042 Italy Capo Caccia (con le Isole Foradada e Piana) e Punta del Giglio Map
ITB010043 Italy Coste e Isolette a Nord Ovest della Sardegna Map
ITB010082 Italy Isola dell'Asinara Map
ITB011155 Italy Lago di Baratz - Porto Ferro Map
ITB012211 Italy Isola Rossa - Costa Paradiso Map
ITB013011 Italy Isola Piana di Porto Torres Map
ITB013012 Italy Stagno di Pilo, Casaraccio e Saline di Stintino Map
ITB013018 Italy Capo Figari, Cala Sabina, Punta Canigione e Isola Figarolo Map
ITB013019 Italy Isole del Nord - Est tra Capo Ceraso e Stagno di San Teodoro Map
ITB013044 Italy Capo Caccia Map
ITB020012 Italy Berchida e Bidderosa Map
ITB020013 Italy Palude di Osalla Map
ITB020014 Italy Golfo di Orosei Map
ITB020015 Italy Area del Monte Ferru di Tertenia Map
ITB020041 Italy Entroterra e zona costiera tra Bosa, Capo Marargiu e Porto Tangone Map
ITB022214 Italy Lido di Orrì Map
ITB023037 Italy Costa e Entroterra di Bosa, Suni e Montresta Map
ITB030016 Italy Stagno di S'Ena Arrubia e territori limitrofi Map
ITB030032 Italy Stagno di Corru S'Ittiri Map
ITB030034 Italy Stagno di Mistras di Oristano Map
ITB030038 Italy Stagno di Putzu Idu (Salina Manna e Pauli Marigosa) Map
ITB030039 Italy Isola Mal di Ventre Map
ITB030080 Italy Isola di Mal di Ventre e Catalano Map
ITB032219 Italy Sassu - Cirras Map
ITB032228 Italy Is Arenas Map
ITB032229 Italy Is Arenas S'Acqua e S'Ollastu Map
ITB033036 Italy Costa di Cuglieri Map
ITB034001 Italy Stagno di S'Ena Arrubia Map
ITB034004 Italy Corru S'Ittiri, stagno di S. Giovanni e Marceddì Map
ITB040017 Italy Stagni di Murtas e S'Acqua Durci Map
ITB040020 Italy Isola dei Cavoli, Serpentara, Punta Molentis e Campulongu Map
ITB040021 Italy Costa di Cagliari Map
ITB040023 Italy Stagno di Cagliari, Saline di Macchiareddu, Laguna di Santa Gilla Map
ITB040024 Italy Isola Rossa e Capo Teulada Map
ITB040025 Italy Promontorio, dune e zona umida di Porto Pino Map
ITB040026 Italy Isola del Toro Map
ITB040027 Italy Isola di San Pietro Map
ITB040028 Italy Punta S'Aliga Map
ITB040029 Italy Costa di Nebida Map
ITB040030 Italy Capo Pecora Map
ITB040031 Italy Monte Arcuentu e Rio Piscinas Map
ITB040051 Italy Bruncu de Su Monte Moru - Geremeas (Mari Pintau) Map
ITB040071 Italy Da Piscinas a Riu Scivu Map
ITB040081 Italy Isola della Vacca Map
ITB042210 Italy Punta Giunchera Map
ITB042216 Italy Capo di Pula Map
ITB042218 Italy Stagno di Piscinnì Map
ITB042220 Italy Serra is Tres Portus (Sant'Antioco) Map
ITB042226 Italy Stagno di Porto Botte Map
ITB042230 Italy Porto Campana Map
ITB042247 Italy Is Compinxius - Campo Dunale di Bugerru - Portixeddu Map
ITB042250 Italy Da Is Arenas a Tonnara (Marina di Gonnesa) Map
ITB043026 Italy Isola Serpentara Map
ITB043027 Italy Isola dei Cavoli Map
ITB043028 Italy Capo Carbonara e stagno di Notteri - Punta Molentis Map
ITB043032 Italy Isola di Sant'Antioco, Capo Sperone Map
ITB043035 Italy Costa e Entroterra tra Punta Cannoni e Punta delle Oche - Isola di San Pietro Map
MT0000101 Malta Zona fil-Bahar Bejn Rdum Majjiesa u Ras ir-Raheb Map
MT0000102 Malta Zona fil-Bahar fl-Inhawi ta' Ghar Lapsi u ta' Filfla Map
MT0000103 Malta Zona fil-Bahar fl-Inhawi tad-Dwejra (Ghawdex) Map
MT0000104 Malta Zona fil-Bahar fl-Inhawi ta' Mgarr ix-Xini (Ghawdex) Map
MT0000105 Malta Zona fil-Bahar fil-Grigal ta' Malta Map
SI3000251 Slovenia Žusterna - rastišče pozejdonke Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 A5.5 Sublittoral macrophyte-dominated sediment narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 A5.535 Posidonia beds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 A5.53 Sublittoral seagrass beds narrower
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100