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Sound and independent information
on the environment

Spartina swards (Spartinion maritimae)

Description (English)

Perennial pioneer grasslands of coastal salt muds, formed by Spartina or similar grasses.
Pal. 15.21 - Flat-leaved cordgrass swards: perennial pioneer grasslands of coastal salt muds, dominated by flat-leaved Spartina maritima, Spartina townsendii, Spartina anglica, Spartina alterniflora.
Pal. 15.22 - Rush-leaved cordgrass swards: perennial pioneer grasslands of southern Iberian coastal salt muds, dominated by the junciform-leaved Spartina densiflora.
Plant text: Pal.:15.21 - Spartina maritima, Spartina alterniflora
Pal.:15.22 - Spartina densiflora.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

  • EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 1320)
  • Priority habitat type: No
  • Protected in 152 Natura 2000 sites


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013 assessments.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of extinction in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of becoming extinct (at least regionally)
Unknown: There is insufficient information available to allow an assessment

Species mentioned in habitat description


Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BE2300006 Belgium Schelde- en Durmeëstuarium van de Nederlandse grens tot Gent Map
BE2500001 Belgium Duingebieden inclusief Ijzermonding en Zwin. Map
DE0916391 Germany NTP S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete Map
DE1316301 Germany Godelniederung / Föhr Map
DE1719391 Germany Untereider Map
DE2016301 Germany Hamburgisches Wattenmeer Map
DE2306301 Germany Nationalpark Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer Map
DK005X221 Denmark Sejerø Bugt og Saltbæk Vig Map
DK00AY176 Denmark Vadehavet med Ribe Å, Tved Å og Varde Å vest for Varde Map
DK00DY156 Denmark Horsens Fjord, havet øst for og Endelave Map
DK00FX010 Denmark Strandenge på Læsø og havet syd herfor Map
DK00FX122 Denmark Ålborg Bugt, Randers Fjord og Mariager Fjord Map
ES0000019 Spain Aiguamolls de l'Alt Empordà Map
ES0000020 Spain Delta de l'Ebre Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000086 Spain Ría de Ortigueira e Ladrido Map
ES0000087 Spain Complexo intermareal Umia - O Grove, A Lanzada, punta Carreirón e lagoa Bodeira Map
ES0000140 Spain Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES0000146 Spain Delta del Llobregat Map
ES0000230 Spain La Vall Map
ES0000243 Spain Txingudi Map
ES0000373 Spain Ría de Foz Map
ES1110001 Spain Ortigueira - Mera Map
ES1110007 Spain Betanzos - Mandeo Map
ES1110011 Spain Esteiro do Tambre Map
ES1120011 Spain Ría de Foz - Masma Map
ES1140001 Spain Sistema fluvial Ulla - Deza Map
ES1140003 Spain A Ramallosa Map
ES1140004 Spain Complexo Ons - O Grove Map
ES1140016 Spain Enseada de San Simón Map
ES1200006 Spain Ría de Villaviciosa Map
ES1300003 Spain Rias occidentales y Duna de Oyambre Map
ES1300004 Spain Dunas de Liencres y Estuario del Pas Map
ES1300005 Spain Dunas del Puntal y Estuario del Miera Map
ES1300006 Spain Costa central y Ría de Ajo Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
ES1300015 Spain Río Miera Map
ES2120004 Spain Urolako itsasadarra / Ría del Urola Map
ES2120009 Spain Iñurritza Map
ES2120010 Spain Oriako itsasadarra / Ría del Oria Map
ES2120018 Spain Txingudi-Bidasoa Map
ES2130003 Spain Barbadungo itsasadarra / Ría del Barbadun Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
ES5310113 Spain La Vall Map
ES6120008 Spain La Breña y Marismas del Barbate Map
ES6150002 Spain Enebrales de Punta Umbría Map
ES6150003 Spain Estero de Domingo Rubio Map
ES6150005 Spain Marismas de Isla Cristina Map
ES6150006 Spain Marismas del Río Piedras y Flecha del Rompido Map
ES6150014 Spain Marismas y Riberas del Tinto Map
ES6150015 Spain Isla de San Bruno Map
ES6150017 Spain Marisma de Las Carboneras Map
ES6150019 Spain Bajo Guadalquivir Map
ES6150028 Spain Estuario del Río Piedras Map
ES6150029 Spain Estuario del Río Tinto Map
FR2500086 France Tatihou - Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue Map
FR5200621 France Estuaire de la Loire Map
FR5200626 France Marais du Mès, baie et dunes de Pont-Mahé, étang du Pont de Fer Map
FR5200627 France Marais salants de Guérande, traicts du Croisic et dunes de Pen-Bron Map
FR5200653 France Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts Map
FR5200656 France Dunes, forêt et marais d'Olonne Map
FR5200657 France Marais de Talmont et zones littorales entre les Sables-d'Olonne et Jard-sur-Mer Map
FR5200659 France Marais Poitevin Map
FR5300010 France Tregor Goëlo Map
FR5300016 France Anse de Goulven, dunes de Keremma Map
FR5300027 France Massif dunaire Gâvres-Quiberon et zones humides associées Map
FR5300028 France Ria d'Etel Map
FR5300029 France Golfe du Morbihan, côte ouest de Rhuys Map
FR5300030 France Rivière de Penerf, marais de Suscinio Map
FR5300048 France Marais de Mousterlin Map
FR5300059 France Rivière Laïta, Pointe du Talud, étangs du Loc'h et de Lannenec Map
FR5400424 France Ile de Ré : Fier d'Ars Map
FR5400429 France Marais de Rochefort Map
FR5400430 France Vallée de la Charente (basse vallée) Map
FR5400431 France Marais de Brouage (et marais nord d'Oléron) Map
FR5400432 France Marais de la Seudre Map
FR5400446 France Marais Poitevin Map
FR7200677 France Estuaire de la Gironde Map
FR7200679 France Bassin d'Arcachon et Cap Ferret Map
FR7200680 France Marais du Bas Médoc Map
IE0000199 Ireland Baldoyle Bay Map
IE0000205 Ireland Malahide Estuary Map
IE0000206 Ireland North Dublin Bay Map
IE0000208 Ireland Rogerstown Estuary Map
IE0000343 Ireland Castlemaine Harbour Map
IE0000671 Ireland Tramore Dunes and Backstrand Map
IE0000696 Ireland Ballyteige Burrow Map
IE0000697 Ireland Bannow Bay Map
IE0001058 Ireland Great Island Channel Map
IE0001957 Ireland Boyne Coast and Estuary Map
IE0002162 Ireland River Barrow and River Nore Map
IE0002165 Ireland Lower River Shannon Map
IE0002287 Ireland Lough Swilly Map
IT3250030 Italy Laguna medio-inferiore di Venezia Map
IT3250031 Italy Laguna superiore di Venezia Map
IT3250046 Italy Laguna di Venezia Map
IT3270017 Italy Delta del Po: tratto terminale e delta veneto Map
IT3270023 Italy Delta del Po Map
IT3320037 Italy Laguna di Marano e Grado Map
IT3330005 Italy Foce dell'Isonzo - Isola della Cona Map
IT3330006 Italy Valle Cavanata e Banco Mula di Muggia Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
IT4060002 Italy Valli di Comacchio Map
IT4060003 Italy Vene di Bellocchio, Sacca di Bellocchio, Foce del Fiume Reno, Pineta di Bellocchio Map
IT4060005 Italy Sacca di Goro, Po di Goro, Valle Dindona, Foce del Po di Volano Map
IT4070004 Italy Pialasse Baiona, Risega e Pontazzo Map
IT4070009 Italy Ortazzo, Ortazzino, Foce del Torrente Bevano Map
ITB034004 Italy Corru S'Ittiri, stagno di S. Giovanni e Marceddì Map
NL1000001 Netherlands Waddenzee Map
NL3009016 Netherlands Oosterschelde Map
NL3009018 Netherlands Zwin Map
NL4000017 Netherlands Voordelta Map
NL9801079 Netherlands Duinen Goeree & Kwade Hoek Map
NL9803061 Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe Map
PTCON0009 Portugal Estuário do Tejo Map
PTCON0011 Portugal Estuário do Sado Map
PTCON0012 Portugal Costa Sudoeste Map
PTCON0013 Portugal Ria Formosa/Castro Marim Map
PTCON0017 Portugal Litoral Norte Map
PTCON0018 Portugal Barrinha de Esmoriz Map
PTCON0019 Portugal Rio Minho Map
PTCON0020 Portugal Rio Lima Map
PTCON0058 Portugal Ria de Alvor Map
PTFAI0005 Portugal Monte da Guia - Ilha do Faial Map
PTZPE0001 Portugal Estuários dos Rios Minho e Coura Map
PTZPE0010 Portugal Estuário do Tejo Map
PTZPE0011 Portugal Estuário do Sado Map
PTZPE0015 Portugal Costa Sudoeste Map
PTZPE0017 Portugal Ria Formosa Map
PTZPE0018 Portugal Sapais de Castro Marim Map
SI3000239 Slovenia Kanal Sv. Jerneja Map
SI3000240 Slovenia Sečoveljske soline in estuarij Dragonje Map
UK0012566 United Kingdom Kenfig/ Cynffig Map
UK0013025 United Kingdom Solway Firth Map
UK0013027 United Kingdom Morecambe Bay Map
UK0013030 United Kingdom Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren Map
UK0013031 United Kingdom Drigg Coast Map
UK0013111 United Kingdom Plymouth Sound and Estuaries Map
UK0013112 United Kingdom Fal and Helford Map
UK0013117 United Kingdom Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau Map
UK0013690 United Kingdom Essex Estuaries Map
UK0016618 United Kingdom Strangford Lough Map
UK0017075 United Kingdom The Wash and North Norfolk Coast Map
UK0020020 United Kingdom Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd Map
UK0020025 United Kingdom Glannau Môn: Cors heli / Anglesey Coast: Saltmarsh Map
UK0030059 United Kingdom Solent Maritime Map
UK0030131 United Kingdom Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy Map
UK0030170 United Kingdom Humber Estuary Map

Protected sites

Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 A2.5 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 A2.554 Flat-leaved Spartina swards wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 A2.555 Spartina densiflora swards wider
National Vegetation Classification (UK) SM5 Spartina alterniflora saltmarsh narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) SM4 Spartina maritima saltmarsh narrower

Other resources

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100