Mediterranean salt steppes (Limonietalia)

Description (English)

Associations rich in perennial, rosette-forming Limonium spp. or esparto grass (Lygeum spartum), occupying, along Mediterranean coasts and on the fringes of Iberian salt basins, soils temporarily permeated (though not inundated) by saline water and subject to extreme summer drying, with formation of salt efflorescence. Characteristic syntaxa are Limonietalia, Arthrocnemetalia, Thero-Salicornietalia and Saginetalia maritimae.
The following syntaxa correspond to regional varieties of this habitat type; Arthrocnemetalia: Suaedion braunblanquetii (continental Iberian peninsula), Arthrocnemion glauci. Limonietalia: Limonion catalaunico-viciosoi (Aragon), Lygeo-Limonion furfuracei (SE Iberian peninsula), Lygeo-Lepidion cardamines (Castilla-La-Mancha). Thero-Salicornietalia: Microcnemion coralloidis (continental Iberian peninsula), Salicornion patulae. Saginetalia maritimae: Frankenion pulverulentae, Thero-Suaedion.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 1510)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Mediterranean - Unfavourable-Bad
Habitat type Priority
Natura 2000 sites 235 are designated for this habitat type


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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description


Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000013 Spain Tablas de Daimiel Map
ES0000017 Spain Cuenca de Gallocanta Map
ES0000019 Spain Aiguamolls de l'Alt Empordà Map
ES0000020 Spain Delta de l'Ebre Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000026 Spain Complejo endorreico de Espera Map
ES0000028 Spain Complejo endorreico de Chiclana Map
ES0000033 Spain Laguna de Fuente de Piedra Map
ES0000034 Spain Lagunas del Sur de Cordoba Map
ES0000037 Spain Es Trenc - Salobrar de Campos Map
ES0000038 Spain S'Albufera de Mallorca Map
ES0000045 Spain Sierra Alhamilla Map
ES0000046 Spain Cabo de Gata-Níjar Map
ES0000047 Spain Desierto de Tabernas Map
ES0000048 Spain Punta Entinas-Sabinar Map
ES0000058 Spain el Fondo d'Elx-Crevillent Map
ES0000059 Spain Llacunes de la Mata i Torrevieja Map
ES0000081 Spain Cap Enderrocat - Cap Blanc Map
ES0000083 Spain Arxipèlag de Cabrera Map
ES0000084 Spain Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera Map
ES0000091 Spain ZEPA Humedales de La Mancha Map
ES0000092 Spain Alto Tajo Map
ES0000119 Spain Carrizales y sotos de Aranjuez Map
ES0000120 Spain Salinas de Santa Pola Map
ES0000133 Spain Laguna de Pitillas Map
ES0000135 Spain Estanca de los Dos Reinos Map
ES0000136 Spain Estepas de Belchite - El Planerón - La Lomaza Map
ES0000142 Spain Cortados y cantiles de los ríos Jarama y Manzanares Map
ES0000145 Spain Mondragó Map
ES0000148 Spain Marjal dels Moros Map
ES0000161 Spain Laguna de El Hito Map
ES0000165 Spain Valle y salinas del Salado Map
ES0000171 Spain El Plano-Blanca alta Map
ES0000172 Spain Rincón del Bu-La Nasa-Tripazul Map
ES0000175 Spain Salinas y Arenales de San Pedro del Pinatar Map
ES0000181 Spain La Retuerta y Saladas de Sástago Map
ES0000182 Spain Valcuerna, Serreta Negra y Liberola Map
ES0000183 Spain El Basal, Las Menorcas y Llanos de Cardiel Map
ES0000195 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
ES0000199 Spain Sierra de la Fausilla Map
ES0000226 Spain L'Albufereta Map
ES0000227 Spain Muntanyes d'Artà Map
ES0000228 Spain Cap de ses Salines Map
ES0000230 Spain La Vall Map
ES0000231 Spain Dels Alocs a Fornells Map
ES0000232 Spain La Mola i s'Albufera de Fornells Map
ES0000233 Spain D'Addaia a s'Albufera Map
ES0000234 Spain S'Albufera des Grau Map
ES0000257 Spain Sierras de Ricote y la Navela Map
ES0000260 Spain Mar Menor Map
ES0000261 Spain Almenara-Moreras-Cabo Cope Map
ES0000262 Spain Sierras del Gigante-Pericay, Lomas del Buitre-Río Luchena y Sierra de la Torrecilla Map
ES0000264 Spain La Muela-Cabo Tiñoso Map
ES0000265 Spain Sierra del Molino, Embalse del Quipar y Llanos del Cagitán Map
ES0000268 Spain Saladares del Guadalentín Map
ES0000293 Spain Montes de Zuera, Castejón de Valdejasa y El Castellar Map
ES0000300 Spain Río Huerva y Las Planas Map
ES0000398 Spain Llanos y Complejo Lagunar de la Albuera Map
ES0000438 Spain Carrizales y sotos del Jarama y Tajo Map
ES0000450 Spain Marjal i Estanys d'Almenara Map
ES0000454 Spain Montgó-Cap de Sant Antoni Map
ES0000461 Spain Serres del Sud d'Alacant Map
ES0000462 Spain Clot de Galvany Map
ES0000470 Spain Marjal dels Moros (ZEPA) Map
ES0000471 Spain l'Albufera (ZEPA) Map
ES0000480 Spain Secans del Segrià i Utxesa Map
ES0000484 Spain el Fondo d'Elx-Crevillent (ZEPA) Map
ES0000485 Spain Lagunas de la Mata y Torrevieja (ZEPA) Map
ES0000486 Spain Salines de Santa Pola (ZEPA) Map
ES0000489 Spain ZEPA Valle y salinas del Salado Map
ES0000536 Spain Lagunas de las Moreras Map
ES0000537 Spain Lagunas de Campotejar Map
ES2110007 Spain Arreo-Caicedo de Yusoko lakua / Lago de Arreo-Caicedo de Yuso Map
ES2110021 Spain Guardiako aintzirak / Lagunas de Laguardia Map
ES2200031 Spain Yesos de la Ribera Estellesa Map
ES2200037 Spain Bardenas Reales Map
ES2200041 Spain Balsa del Pulguer Map
ES2410030 Spain Serreta Negra Map
ES2410073 Spain Ríos Cinca y Alcanadre Map
ES2410074 Spain Yesos de Barbastro Map
ES2410075 Spain Basal de Ballobar y Balsalet de Don Juan Map
ES2420114 Spain Saladas de Alcañiz Map
ES2420129 Spain Sierra de Javalambre II Map
ES2430032 Spain El Planerón Map
ES2430041 Spain Complejo Lagunar de La Salada de Chiprana Map
ES2430082 Spain Monegros Map
ES2430085 Spain Laguna de Plantados y Laguna de Agón Map
ES2430086 Spain Monte Alto y Siete Cabezos Map
ES2430091 Spain Planas y Estepas de La Margen derecha del Ebro Map
ES2430096 Spain Río Guadalope, Val de Fabara y Val de Pilas Map
ES2430108 Spain Balsa Grande y Balsa Pequeña Map
ES3110006 Spain Vegas, cuestas y páramos del sureste de Madrid Map
ES4180124 Spain Salgüeros de Aldeamayor Map
ES4210004 Spain Lagunas saladas de Pétrola y Salobrejo y complejo lagunar de Corral Rubio Map
ES4210011 Spain Saladares de Cordovilla y Agramón y laguna de Alboraj Map
ES4210017 Spain Lagunas de Ruidera Map
ES4250008 Spain Estepas salinas de Toledo Map
ES4250009 Spain Yesares del valle del Tajo Map
ES4250010 Spain Humedales de La Mancha Map
ES4310003 Spain Complejo Lagunar de la Albuera Map
ES5130018 Spain Estany d'Ivars- Vilasana Map
ES5130035 Spain Plans de la Unilla Map
ES5130036 Spain Plans de Sió Map
ES5130038 Spain Secans del Segrià i Utxesa Map
ES5140004 Spain Sèquia Major Map
ES5140007 Spain Costes del Tarragonès Map
ES5211007 Spain Montgó Map
ES5212006 Spain Laguna de Salinas Map
ES5212007 Spain Salero y Cabecicos de Villena Map
ES5212009 Spain Algepsars de Finestrat Map
ES5213018 Spain Penya-segats de la Marina Map
ES5213022 Spain Serra de Crevillent Map
ES5213024 Spain Illa de Tabarca Map
ES5222006 Spain Platja de Moncofa Map
ES5223007 Spain Marjal d'Almenara Map
ES5310005 Spain Badies de Pollença i Alcúdia Map
ES5310025 Spain Cap de Barbaria Map
ES5310032 Spain Cap Llentrisca - Sa Talaia Map
ES5310033 Spain Xarraca Map
ES5310035 Spain Àrea marina del Nord de Menorca Map
ES5310095 Spain Can Picafort Map
ES5310113 Spain La Vall Map
ES5310125 Spain Albufera de Mallorca Map
ES5310128 Spain Cap Enderrocat i cap Blanc Map
ES6110005 Spain Sierra de Cabrera-Bédar Map
ES6110006 Spain Ramblas de Gergal, Tabernas y Sur de Sierra Alhamilla Map
ES6110008 Spain Sierras de Gádor y Enix Map
ES6110012 Spain Sierras Almagrera, de Los Pinos y El Aguilón Map
ES6140004 Spain Sierra Nevada Map
ES6150005 Spain Marismas de Isla Cristina Map
ES6150014 Spain Marismas y Riberas del Tinto Map
ES6160001 Spain Laguna Honda Map
ES6170001 Spain Laguna de La Ratosa Map
ES6170015 Spain Lagunas de Campillos Map
ES6180002 Spain Complejo endorreico La Lantejuela Map
ES6180003 Spain Laguna del Gosque Map
ES6180017 Spain Campiñas de Sevilla Map
ES6200001 Spain Calblanque, Monte de las Cenizas y Peña del Águila Map
ES6200004 Spain Sierras y Vega Alta del Segura y Ríos Alhárabe y Moratalla Map
ES6200005 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
ES6200006 Spain Espacios Abiertos e Islas del Mar Menor Map
ES6200007 Spain Islas e Islotes del Litoral Mediterráneo Map
ES6200010 Spain Cuatro Calas Map
ES6200011 Spain Sierra de las Moreras Map
ES6200012 Spain Calnegre Map
ES6200014 Spain Saladares del Guadalentín Map
ES6200015 Spain La Muela y Cabo Tiñoso Map
ES6200024 Spain Cabezo de Roldán Map
ES6200025 Spain Sierra de la Fausilla Map
ES6200026 Spain Sierra de Ricote-La Navela Map
ES6200028 Spain Río Chícamo Map
ES6200031 Spain Cabo Cope Map
ES6200034 Spain Lomas del Buitre y Río Luchena Map
ES6200035 Spain Sierra de Almenara Map
ES6200042 Spain Yesos de Ulea Map
ES6200043 Spain Río Quípar Map
FR9101406 France Petite Camargue Map
FR9101410 France Étangs palavasiens Map
FR9101434 France Les Orpellières Map
FR9101435 France Basse plaine de l'Aude Map
FR9101440 France Complexe lagunaire de Bages-Sigean Map
FR9101441 France Complexe lagunaire de Lapalme Map
FR9101465 France Complexe lagunaire de Canet Map
FR9301590 France Le Rhône aval Map
FR9301592 France Camargue Map
FR9301597 France Marais et zones humides liés à l'étang de Berre Map
IT5170002 Italy Selva Pisana Map
IT51A0015 Italy Dune costiere del Parco dell'Uccellina Map
IT7222216 Italy Foce Biferno - Litorale di Campomarino Map
IT7222217 Italy Foce Saccione - Bonifica Ramitelli Map
ITA010001 Italy Isole dello Stagnone di Marsala Map
ITA010006 Italy Paludi di Capo Feto e Margi Spanò Map
ITA010007 Italy Saline di Trapani Map
ITA010021 Italy Saline di Marsala Map
ITA010028 Italy Stagnone di Marsala e Saline di Trapani - area marina e terrestre Map
ITA040003 Italy Foce del Magazzolo, Foce del Platani, Capo Bianco, Torre Salsa Map
ITA050001 Italy Biviere e Macconi di Gela Map
ITA050011 Italy Torre Manfria Map
ITA050012 Italy Torre Manfria, Biviere e Piana di Gela Map
ITA090003 Italy Pantani della Sicilia sud orientale Map
ITA090013 Italy Saline di Priolo Map
ITA090014 Italy Saline di Augusta Map
ITA090029 Italy Pantani della Sicilia sud-orientale, Morghella, di Marzamemi, di Punta Pilieri e Vendicari Map
ITB010002 Italy Stagno di Pilo e di Casaraccio Map
ITB010082 Italy Isola dell'Asinara Map
ITB013011 Italy Isola Piana di Porto Torres Map
ITB013012 Italy Stagno di Pilo, Casaraccio e Saline di Stintino Map
ITB030016 Italy Stagno di S'Ena Arrubia e territori limitrofi Map
ITB030032 Italy Stagno di Corru S'Ittiri Map
ITB030034 Italy Stagno di Mistras di Oristano Map
ITB030035 Italy Stagno di Sale 'e Porcus Map
ITB030036 Italy Stagno di Cabras Map
ITB030037 Italy Stagno di Santa Giusta Map
ITB030038 Italy Stagno di Putzu Idu (Salina Manna e Pauli Marigosa) Map
ITB030039 Italy Isola Mal di Ventre Map
ITB030080 Italy Isola di Mal di Ventre e Catalano Map
ITB032219 Italy Sassu - Cirras Map
ITB034001 Italy Stagno di S'Ena Arrubia Map
ITB034004 Italy Corru S'Ittiri, stagno di S. Giovanni e Marceddì Map
ITB034006 Italy Stagno di Mistras Map
ITB034007 Italy Stagno di Sale E' Porcus Map
ITB034008 Italy Stagno di Cabras Map
ITB040017 Italy Stagni di Murtas e S'Acqua Durci Map
ITB040018 Italy Foce del Flumendosa - Sa Praia Map
ITB040019 Italy Stagni di Colostrai e delle Saline Map
ITB040020 Italy Isola dei Cavoli, Serpentara, Punta Molentis e Campulongu Map
ITB040022 Italy Stagno di Molentargius e territori limitrofi Map
ITB040023 Italy Stagno di Cagliari, Saline di Macchiareddu, Laguna di Santa Gilla Map
ITB040025 Italy Promontorio, dune e zona umida di Porto Pino Map
ITB042208 Italy Tra Poggio la Salina e Punta Maggiore Map
ITB042209 Italy A Nord di Sa Salina (Calasetta) Map
ITB042210 Italy Punta Giunchera Map
ITB042216 Italy Capo di Pula Map
ITB042218 Italy Stagno di Piscinnì Map
ITB042223 Italy Stagno di Santa Caterina Map
ITB042225 Italy Is Pruinis Map
ITB042226 Italy Stagno di Porto Botte Map
ITB042230 Italy Porto Campana Map
ITB043025 Italy Stagni di Colostrai Map
ITB043028 Italy Capo Carbonara e stagno di Notteri - Punta Molentis Map
ITB044002 Italy Saline di Molentargius Map
ITB044003 Italy Stagno di Cagliari Map
MT0000001 Malta L-Inhawi ta' Ghajn Barrani Map
MT0000021 Malta L-Inhawi tal-Imgiebah u tal-Mignuna Map
MT0000024 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Malta: Ir-Ramla tac-Cirkewwa sal-Ponta ta' Benghisa Map
MT0000034 Malta L-Inhawi ta' Ta' Cenc Map
PTCON0009 Portugal Estuário do Tejo Map
PTCON0012 Portugal Costa Sudoeste Map
PTCON0013 Portugal Ria Formosa / Castro Marim Map
PTCON0058 Portugal Ria de Alvor Map
PTZPE0015 Portugal Costa Sudoeste Map
PTZPE0017 Portugal Ria Formosa Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 E6.1 Mediterranean inland salt steppes overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 E6.11 Mediterranean Limonium salt steppes wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 E6.12 Mediterranean Lygeum spartum salt steppes wider
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