Wooded dunes of the Atlantic, Continental and Boreal region

Description (English)

Natural or semi-natural forests (long established) of the Atlantic, Continental and Boreal region coastal dunes with a well developed woodland structure and an assemblage of characteristic woodland species. It corresponds to oak groves and beech-oak groves with birch (Quercion robori-petraeae) on acid soils, as well as forests of the Quercetalia pubescenti-petraeae order. Pioneer stages are open forests with Betula spp. and Crataegus monogyna, mixed forests with Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, Ulmus minor and Acer pseudoplatanus or, in wet dune slacks, pioneer forests with Salix alba which develop into humid mixed forests or marsh forests. On southern atlantic coasts, it mainly corresponds to mixed Pinus pinaster-Quercus ilex forests, forests of Quercus suber and Quercus robur or forest stage with Quercus robur or Quercus pubescens. On Baltic coasts also pioneer forests of Alnus spp. or Pinus sylvestris.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 2180)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Atlantic - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Black Sea - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Boreal - Unfavourable-Bad
Continental - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 246 are designated for this habitat type


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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Acer pseudoplatanus
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Conifers Pinus pinaster
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Quercus pubescens
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Quercus suber
Flowering Plants Salix alba
Flowering Plants Ulmus minor
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Acer pseudoplatanus Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Pinus pinaster Conifers
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Quercus pubescens Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Quercus suber Flowering Plants
Salix alba Flowering Plants
Ulmus minor Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BE2500001 Belgium Duingebieden inclusief Ijzermonding en Zwin. Map
BG0000102 Bulgaria Dolinata na reka Batova Map
BG0000116 Bulgaria Kamchia Map
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DE1315391 Germany Küsten- und Dünenlandschaften Amrums Map
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DE1631391 Germany Putlos Map
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DE1739303 Germany Ribnitzer Großes Moor und Neuhaus-Dierhäger Dünen Map
DE1747301 Germany Greifswalder Bodden, Teile des Strelasundes und Nordspitze Usedom Map
DE1832329 Germany Ostseeküste zwischen Grömitz und Kellenhusen Map
DE1849301 Germany Dünengebiet bei Trassenheide Map
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DE1950301 Germany Wocknin-See Map
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DE2117331 Germany Küstenheiden und Krattwälder bei Cuxhaven Map
DE2306301 Germany Nationalpark Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer Map
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Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 B1.7 Coastal dune woods narrower
German Federal List of Biotopes 430804 Buchenbuschwald (auf Ostseedünen)", not defined
German Federal List of Biotopes 430801 Traubeneichen-Hainbuchenwald (küstennah, gischtbeeinflußt, F02)", not defined
German Federal List of Biotopes 43080501 Eichen-Trockenwald lalkarmer Standorte (küstennah, gischtbeeinflußt, F02)", not defined
German Federal List of Biotopes 440202 trockener Sandkiefernwald (küstennah, gischtbeeinflußt, F02 not defined
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