Malcolmietalia dune grasslands

Description (English)

Associations with many small annuals and often abundant ephemeral spring bloom, with Malcolmia lacera, Malcolmia ramosissima, Evax astericiflora, Evax lusitanica, Anthyllis hamosa, Linaria pedunculata, of deep sands in dry interdunal depressions of the Mediterranean coasts of Iberia, southern France, Italy and of the Atlantic coasts of southern Iberia. They are dunal representatives of Pal. 35.4.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 2230)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Atlantic - Unfavourable-Bad
Continental - Unfavourable-Bad
Mediterranean - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 243 are designated for this habitat type


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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Anthyllis hamosa
Flowering Plants Evax lusitanica
Flowering Plants Linaria pedunculata
Flowering Plants Malcolmia lacera
Flowering Plants Malcolmia ramosissima
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Anthyllis hamosa Flowering Plants
Evax lusitanica Flowering Plants
Linaria pedunculata Flowering Plants
Malcolmia lacera Flowering Plants
Malcolmia ramosissima Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000001 Spain Illas Cíes Map
ES0000020 Spain Delta de l'Ebre Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000037 Spain Es Trenc - Salobrar de Campos Map
ES0000038 Spain S'Albufera de Mallorca Map
ES0000046 Spain Cabo de Gata-Níjar Map
ES0000048 Spain Punta Entinas-Sabinar Map
ES0000083 Spain Arxipèlag de Cabrera Map
ES0000084 Spain Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera Map
ES0000087 Spain Complexo intermareal Umia - O Grove, A Lanzada, punta Carreirón e lagoa Bodeira Map
ES0000175 Spain Salinas y Arenales de San Pedro del Pinatar Map
ES0000176 Spain Costa da Morte (Norte) Map
ES0000227 Spain Muntanyes d'Artà Map
ES0000228 Spain Cap de ses Salines Map
ES0000254 Spain Illa de Ons Map
ES0000258 Spain Costa de Ferrolterra - Valdoviño Map
ES0000260 Spain Mar Menor Map
ES0000265 Spain Sierra del Molino, Embalse del Quipar y Llanos del Cagitán Map
ES0000313 Spain Complexo litoral de Corrubedo Map
ES0000337 Spain Estrecho Map
ES0000471 Spain l'Albufera (ZEPA) Map
ES1110002 Spain Costa Ártabra Map
ES1110005 Spain Costa da Morte Map
ES1110006 Spain Complexo húmido de Corrubedo Map
ES1140004 Spain Complexo Ons - O Grove Map
ES1140010 Spain Costa da Vela Map
ES5212010 Spain Arenal de Petrer Map
ES5213033 Spain Litoral de Cabo Roig Map
ES5233038 Spain Dunes de la Safor Map
ES5310025 Spain Cap de Barbaria Map
ES5310029 Spain Na Borges Map
ES5310125 Spain Albufera de Mallorca Map
ES6120003 Spain Estuario del Río Guadiaro Map
ES6120015 Spain Acebuchales de La Campiña Sur de Cádiz Map
ES6170026 Spain Río del Padrón Map
ES6170030 Spain Calahonda Map
ES6200001 Spain Calblanque, Monte de las Cenizas y Peña del Águila Map
ES6200004 Spain Sierras y Vega Alta del Segura y Ríos Alhárabe y Moratalla Map
ES6200006 Spain Espacios Abiertos e Islas del Mar Menor Map
ES6200010 Spain Cuatro Calas Map
ES6200012 Spain Calnegre Map
ES6200037 Spain Sierra del Serral Map
FR9101441 France Complexe lagunaire de Lapalme Map
FR9101463 France Complexe lagunaire de Salses Map
FR9101465 France Complexe lagunaire de Canet Map
FR9301592 France Camargue Map
FR9301613 France Rade d'Hyères Map
FR9301624 France Corniche Varoise Map
FR9400568 France Cap Corse nord et île Finocchiarola, Giraglia et Capense (côte de Macinaggio à Centuri) Map
FR9400571 France Étang de Biguglia Map
FR9400572 France Mucchiatana Map
FR9400577 France Rivière et vallée du Fango Map
FR9400580 France Marais del Sale, zones humides périphériques et forêt littorale de Pinia Map
FR9400581 France Étang de Palo et cordon dunaire Map
FR9400586 France Embouchure du Stabiaccu, Domaine Public Maritime et îlot Ziglione Map
FR9400587 France Iles Cerbicale et frange littoral Map
FR9400590 France Tre Padule de Suartone, Rondinara Map
FR9400591 France Plateau de Pertusato/ Bonifacio et îles Lavezzi Map
FR9400592 France Ventilegne-la Trinite de Bonifacio-Fazzio Map
FR9400593 France Roccapina-Ortolo Map
FR9400595 France Iles Sanguinaires, plage de Lava et Punta Pellusella Map
FR9400604 France Station d'Anchusa Crispa de Cannella Map
FR9400606 France Pinarellu : dunes et étangs de Padulatu et Padulatu Tortu Map
FR9400607 France Baie de San Ciprianu : étangs d'Arasu et îles San Ciprianu et ilot Cornuta Map
FR9400609 France Iles et pointe Bruzzi, étangs de Chevanu et d'Arbitru Map
FR9400610 France Embouchure du Taravo, plage de Tenutella et étang de Tanchiccia Map
FR9400615 France Delta de l'Oso, punta di Benedettu et Mura dell'Unda Map
FR9400616 France Junipéraie de Porto Pollo et plage de Cupabia Map
FR9400617 France Dunes de Prunete-Canniccia Map
FR9400619 France Campo dell'Oro (Ajaccio) Map
FR9402001 France Campomoro-Senetosa Map
GR4320003 Greece NISOS CHRYSI Map
IT3250003 Italy Penisola del Cavallino: biotopi litoranei Map
IT3250023 Italy Lido di Venezia: biotopi litoranei Map
IT3250033 Italy Laguna di Caorle - Foce del Tagliamento Map
IT3270003 Italy Dune di Donada e Contarina Map
IT3270004 Italy Dune di Rosolina e Volto Map
IT3270005 Italy Dune Fossili di Ariano Polesine Map
IT4060003 Italy Vene di Bellocchio, Sacca di Bellocchio, Foce del Fiume Reno, Pineta di Bellocchio Map
IT4060005 Italy Sacca di Goro, Po di Goro, Valle Dindona, Foce del Po di Volano Map
IT4060010 Italy Dune di Massenzatica Map
IT4060012 Italy Dune di San Giuseppe Map
IT4070005 Italy Pineta di Casalborsetti, Pineta Staggioni, Duna di Porto Corsini Map
IT4070006 Italy Pialassa dei Piomboni, Pineta di Punta Marina Map
IT4070009 Italy Ortazzo, Ortazzino, Foce del Torrente Bevano Map
IT5170001 Italy Dune litoranee di Torre del Lago Map
IT5170002 Italy Selva Pisana Map
IT51A0008 Italy Monte d'Alma Map
IT51A0012 Italy Tombolo da Castiglion della Pescaia a Marina di Grosseto Map
IT51A0015 Italy Dune costiere del Parco dell'Uccellina Map
IT51A0032 Italy Duna del Lago di Burano Map
IT5310007 Italy Litorale della Baia del Re Map
IT5310024 Italy Colle San Bartolo e litorale pesarese Map
IT5340001 Italy Litorale di Porto d'Ascoli Map
IT5340022 Italy Litorale di Porto d'Ascoli (La Sentina) Map
IT6030027 Italy Castel Porziano (fascia costiera) Map
IT6030045 Italy Lido dei Gigli Map
IT6030048 Italy Litorale di Torre Astura Map
IT6040018 Italy Dune del Circeo Map
IT7140107 Italy Lecceta litoranea di Torino di Sangro e foce del Fiume Sangro Map
IT7140108 Italy Punta Aderci - Punta della Penna Map
IT7140109 Italy Marina di Vasto Map
IT7222216 Italy Foce Biferno - Litorale di Campomarino Map
IT7222217 Italy Foce Saccione - Bonifica Ramitelli Map
IT7228221 Italy Foce Trigno - Marina di Petacciato Map
IT8010021 Italy Pineta di Patria Map
IT9110001 Italy Isola e Lago di Varano Map
IT9110015 Italy Duna e Lago di Lesina - Foce del Fortore Map
IT9130003 Italy Duna di Campomarino Map
IT9130006 Italy Pinete dell'Arco Ionico Map
IT9140005 Italy Torre Guaceto e Macchia S. Giovanni Map
IT9150015 Italy Litorale di Gallipoli e Isola S. Andrea Map
IT9150025 Italy Torre Veneri Map
IT9150032 Italy Le Cesine Map
IT9220055 Italy Bosco Pantano di Policoro e Costa Ionica Foce Sinni Map
IT9220080 Italy Costa Ionica Foce Agri Map
IT9220085 Italy Costa Ionica Foce Basento Map
IT9220090 Italy Costa Ionica Foce Bradano Map
IT9220095 Italy Costa Ionica Foce Cavone Map
IT9310044 Italy Foce del Fiume Crati Map
IT9310045 Italy Macchia della Bura Map
IT9310051 Italy Dune di Camigliano Map
IT9310052 Italy Casoni di Sibari Map
IT9320095 Italy Foce Neto Map
IT9320100 Italy Dune di Marinella Map
IT9320102 Italy Dune di Sovereto Map
IT9320103 Italy Capo Rizzuto Map
IT9320106 Italy Steccato di Cutro e Costa del Turchese Map
IT9320302 Italy Marchesato e Fiume Neto Map
IT9330087 Italy Lago La Vota Map
IT9330089 Italy Dune dell'Angitola Map
IT9330105 Italy Foce del Crocchio - Cropani Map
IT9330107 Italy Dune di Isca Map
IT9330108 Italy Dune di Guardavalle Map
IT9340091 Italy Zona costiera fra Briatico e Nicotera Map
IT9350141 Italy Capo S. Giovanni Map
IT9350142 Italy Capo Spartivento Map
IT9350144 Italy Calanchi di Palizzi Marina Map
IT9350145 Italy Fiumara Amendolea (incluso Roghudi, Chorio e Rota Greco) Map
IT9350160 Italy Spiaggia di Brancaleone Map
IT9350171 Italy Spiaggia di Pilati Map
IT9350183 Italy Spiaggia di Catona Map
ITA010006 Italy Paludi di Capo Feto e Margi Spanò Map
ITA010011 Italy Sistema dunale Capo Granitola, Porto Palo e Foce del Belice Map
ITA020051 Italy Baia Settefrati e spiaggia di Salinelle Map
ITA030008 Italy Capo Peloro - Laghi di Ganzirri Map
ITA030012 Italy Laguna di Oliveri - Tindari Map
ITA030025 Italy Isola di Panarea e Scogli Viciniori Map
ITA030027 Italy Isola di Vulcano Map
ITA030042 Italy Monti Peloritani, Dorsale Curcuraci, Antennamare e area marina dello stretto di Messina Map
ITA030044 Italy Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre Map
ITA040002 Italy Isola di Lampedusa e Lampione Map
ITA040003 Italy Foce del Magazzolo, Foce del Platani, Capo Bianco, Torre Salsa Map
ITA040010 Italy Litorale di Palma di Montechiaro Map
ITA040013 Italy Arcipelago delle Pelagie - area marina e terrestre Map
ITA040015 Italy Scala dei Turchi Map
ITA050001 Italy Biviere e Macconi di Gela Map
ITA050007 Italy Sughereta di Niscemi Map
ITA050011 Italy Torre Manfria Map
ITA050012 Italy Torre Manfria, Biviere e Piana di Gela Map
ITA070001 Italy Foce del Fiume Simeto e Lago Gornalunga Map
ITA070003 Italy La Gurna Map
ITA070005 Italy Bosco di Santo Pietro Map
ITA070029 Italy Biviere di Lentini, tratto mediano e foce del Fiume Simeto e area antistante la foce Map
ITA080001 Italy Foce del Fiume Irminio Map
ITA080004 Italy Punta Braccetto, Contrada Cammarana Map
ITA080006 Italy Cava Randello, Passo Marinaro Map
ITA080007 Italy Spiaggia Maganuco Map
ITA080008 Italy Contrada Religione Map
ITA090001 Italy Isola di Capo Passero Map
ITA090002 Italy Vendicari Map
ITA090003 Italy Pantani della Sicilia sud orientale Map
ITA090004 Italy Pantano Morghella Map
ITA090010 Italy Isola Correnti, Pantani di Punta Pilieri, chiusa dell'Alga e Parrino Map
ITA090029 Italy Pantani della Sicilia sud-orientale, Morghella, di Marzamemi, di Punta Pilieri e Vendicari Map
ITB010001 Italy Isola Asinara Map
ITB010002 Italy Stagno di Pilo e di Casaraccio Map
ITB010003 Italy Stagno e ginepreto di Platamona Map
ITB010004 Italy Foci del Coghinas Map
ITB010007 Italy Capo Testa Map
ITB010008 Italy Arcipelago La Maddalena Map
ITB010010 Italy Isole Tavolara, Molara e Molarotto Map
ITB010011 Italy Stagno di San Teodoro Map
ITB010042 Italy Capo Caccia (con le Isole Foradada e Piana) e Punta del Giglio Map
ITB010082 Italy Isola dell'Asinara Map
ITB011155 Italy Lago di Baratz - Porto Ferro Map
ITB013011 Italy Isola Piana di Porto Torres Map
ITB013012 Italy Stagno di Pilo, Casaraccio e Saline di Stintino Map
ITB013019 Italy Isole del Nord - Est tra Capo Ceraso e Stagno di San Teodoro Map
ITB022214 Italy Lido di Orrì Map
ITB030016 Italy Stagno di S'Ena Arrubia e territori limitrofi Map
ITB030038 Italy Stagno di Putzu Idu (Salina Manna e Pauli Marigosa) Map
ITB032219 Italy Sassu - Cirras Map
ITB032228 Italy Is Arenas Map
ITB032229 Italy Is Arenas S'Acqua e S'Ollastu Map
ITB032239 Italy San Giovanni di Sinis Map
ITB034001 Italy Stagno di S'Ena Arrubia Map
ITB040017 Italy Stagni di Murtas e S'Acqua Durci Map
ITB040018 Italy Foce del Flumendosa - Sa Praia Map
ITB040019 Italy Stagni di Colostrai e delle Saline Map
ITB040020 Italy Isola dei Cavoli, Serpentara, Punta Molentis e Campulongu Map
ITB040021 Italy Costa di Cagliari Map
ITB040025 Italy Promontorio, dune e zona umida di Porto Pino Map
ITB040027 Italy Isola di San Pietro Map
ITB040028 Italy Punta S'Aliga Map
ITB040029 Italy Costa di Nebida Map
ITB040030 Italy Capo Pecora Map
ITB040031 Italy Monte Arcuentu e Rio Piscinas Map
ITB040051 Italy Bruncu de Su Monte Moru - Geremeas (Mari Pintau) Map
ITB040071 Italy Da Piscinas a Riu Scivu Map
ITB042208 Italy Tra Poggio la Salina e Punta Maggiore Map
ITB042209 Italy A Nord di Sa Salina (Calasetta) Map
ITB042226 Italy Stagno di Porto Botte Map
ITB042231 Italy Tra Forte Village e Perla Marina Map
ITB042233 Italy Punta di Santa Giusta (Costa Rei) Map
ITB042247 Italy Is Compinxius - Campo Dunale di Bugerru - Portixeddu Map
ITB042250 Italy Da Is Arenas a Tonnara (Marina di Gonnesa) Map
ITB043025 Italy Stagni di Colostrai Map
ITB043028 Italy Capo Carbonara e stagno di Notteri - Punta Molentis Map
PTCON0008 Portugal Sintra / Cascais Map
PTCON0011 Portugal Estuário do Sado Map
PTCON0012 Portugal Costa Sudoeste Map
PTCON0013 Portugal Ria Formosa / Castro Marim Map
PTCON0017 Portugal Litoral Norte Map
PTCON0034 Portugal Comporta / Galé Map
PTCON0054 Portugal Fernão Ferro / Lagoa de Albufeira Map
PTCON0056 Portugal Peniche / Stª Cruz Map
PTCON0058 Portugal Ria de Alvor Map
PTZPE0011 Portugal Estuário do Sado Map
PTZPE0013 Portugal Lagoa de Santo André Map
PTZPE0014 Portugal Lagoa da Sancha Map
PTZPE0015 Portugal Costa Sudoeste Map
PTZPE0017 Portugal Ria Formosa Map
UKGIB0001 United Kingdom Rock of Gibraltar Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 B1.4 Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes) overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 B1.48 Tethyan dune deep sand therophyte communities same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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