Western garrigues

English name: Western garrigues

Description (English)

Shrubby formations, often low, on mostly calcareous soils of the meso-mediterranean zone of the Iberian peninsula, France, Italy and the large western Mediterranean islands, notably the Balearics, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily and Malta. Included here are those formations that reach their optimal development within the meso-mediterranean zone although they often enter the thermo- or supra-mediterranean levels.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code F6.1

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Polygalo-Seslerion insularis Arrigoni ex Arrigoni et Di Tommaso 1986 Sardinian calcareous mesomediterranean garrigues Polygalo-Seslerion insularis Arrigoni 1986 Schaminee et al, 2012
Lavandulion lanatae (Martínez-Parras et al. 1984) Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002 Baetic thermo-supramediterranean dolomitic tomillar Lavandulion lanatae (Martínez-Parras et al. 1984) Rivas-Mart. et al. 2001 Schaminee et al, 2012
Anthyllidion barbae-jovis S. Brullo et De Marco 1989 Subaerohaline coastal dwarf scrub on salt-sprayed cliffs of eastern Tyrrhenian Sea Helichrysion litorei Biondi 2007; Helichrysion litorei Biondi in Biondi et al. 2013; Plantagini-Thymelaeion hirsutae Bartolo et S. Brullo ex Mayer 1995; Plantagini-Thymelaeion hirsutae Bartolo et S. Brullo in Bartolo et al. 1992 Schaminee et al, 2012
Rosmarinion officinalis Molinier 1934 Catalonian, Balearic and Provencal thermo-supramediterranean semiarid to subhumid coastal limestone matorral and tomillar Rosmarinion Br.-Bl. et al. 1936; Rosmarino-Ericion Br.-Bl. 1931; Rosmarino-Ericion Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1935; Rosmarino-Ericion Br.-Bl. ex Br.-Bl. et al. 1952 Schaminee et al, 2012
Euphorbion pithyusae Biondi et Géhu in Géhu et Biondi 1994 Thermomediterranean sub-halophIlous chamaephytic garrigue on coastal cliffs of Corsica and Sardinia Helichrysion italici Paradis et Piazza 1995; Loto cytisoidis-Helichrysion italici Géhu et Biondi 1984; Loto cytisoidis-Helichrysion italici Géhu et Biondi in Géhu 1994 Schaminee et al, 2012
Coremation albi Rothmaler 1943 Lusitano-Andalusian and northern Maroccan thermo-mesomediterranean psammophilous scrub on acidic palaeodunes Stauracantho genistoidis-Halimion halimifolii Rivas-Mart. 1979; Rubio longifoliae-Coremation albi Rivas-Martínez in Rivas-Martínez, Costa, Castroviejo et E. Valdés 1980; Stauracantho genistoidis-Coremation albi Br.-Bl. et al. 1965 Schaminee et al, 2012
Anthyllido terniflorae-Salsolion papillosae Rivas Goday et Esteve 1968 Almerian infra-thermomediterranean tomillar on ultramafic soils Frankenio-Salsolion genistoidis Rivas Goday et Borja 1961 Schaminee et al, 2012
Ulici densi-Thymion sylvestris (Capelo et al. 1993) Costa et al. 2009 Thermo-mesomediterranean tomillar on eroded calcareous soils of subhumid-humid Sadensean-Divinding regions of Portugal Klaseo lusitanicae-Thymion sylvestris (Capelo 1993) Rivas-Mart. et al. 2011 Schaminee et al, 2012
Lavandulo latifoliae-Genistion boissieri Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1969 Betic meso-supramediterranean open calcicolous tomillar and matorral Lavandulo latifoliae-Echinospartion boissieri Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1969 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Sideritido incanae-Salvion lavandulifoliae (Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1969) Izco et Molina 1989 Central Iberian continental meso-supramediterranean calcicolous garrigue Schaminee et al, 2012
Hypericion ericoidis Esteve ex Costa et Peris 1985 Manchego-Murcian thermo-mediterranean tomillar on calcareo-dolomitic and dolomitic lithosols Hypericion ericoidis Esteve 1968 Schaminee et al, 2012
Calicotomo villosae-Genistion tyrrhenae Biondi 2000 Thermomediterranean acidophilous coastal garrigue of southwestern Tyrrhenian seaboards Schaminee et al, 2012
Crucianellion rupestris S. Brullo et Furnari 1990 Subaerohaline coastal dwarf scrub on salt-sprayed cliffs of European and North African coasts of Lybian Sea Crucianellion rupestris S. Brullo et Furnari 1981 Schaminee et al, 2012
Ulici argentei-Cistion ladaniferi Br.-Bl. et al. 1965 Southern Iberian and Moroccan thermo-mesomediterranean xeric silicicolous garrigue Schaminee et al, 2012
Lepidion subulati Bellot et Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday et al. 1957 Central-Iberian and Almerian thermo-supramediterranean gypsicolous tomillar and matorral Gypsophilion hispanicae Rivas Goday et al. 1957; Gypsophilo-Santolinion viscosae Rivas Goday et Esteve 1968; Lepidion subulati Bellot 1952; Gypsophilion Br.-Bl. et O. de Bolòs 1958 Schaminee et al, 2012
Thymo-Teucrion verticillati Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday et al. 1957 Alicanto-Murcian thermo-mesomediterranean semiarid gypsicolous tomillar Thymo modoreri-Teucrion libanotidis Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday et al. 1957 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Helianthemo italici-Aphyllanthion monspeliensis Díez Garretas et al. 1998 Meso-supramediterranean dry-subhumid calciphilous scrub (esplegueras and salviares) of northeastern Iberia Aphyllanthion Br.-Bl. 1931; Aphyllanthion Br.-Bl. ex Br.-Bl. et al. 1952 nom. ambig. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Hypericion balearici O. de Bolòs et Molinier 1958 Thermo-mesomediterranean endemic dolomitic garrigue of Balearic Islands Schaminee et al, 2012
Thymo moroderi-Sideritidion leucanthae O. de Bolòs 1957 corr. Alcaraz et al. 1989 Murciano-Almerian infra-thermomediterranean tomillar on calcareous marly soils Helianthemo almeriensis-Sideritidion pusillae Alcaraz et al. 1989; Thymo longiflori-Sideritidion leucanthae O. de Bolòs 1957 Schaminee et al, 2012
Staehelino-Ulicion baetici Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1969 Baetic thermo-supramediterranean ultramafic low scrub Schaminee et al, 2012
Armerio sardoae-Genistion salzmannii Arrigoni 1986 Sardinian supramediterranean silicicolous garrigue Schaminee et al, 2012
Cisto cretici-Genistion corsicae Arrigoni et Di Tommaso 1991 Cyrno-Sardean themomediterranean garrigue on brown soils and terra rossa Schaminee et al, 2012
Dactylido hispanicae-Helichrysion stoechadis Géhu et Biondi in Géhu 1994 Coastal dwarf scrub on salt-sprayed cliffs of coasts of southern France and cantabro-atlantic Iberian Peninsula Schaminee et al, 2012
Sideritidion bourgaeanae Peinado et Martínez-Parras in Peinado et al. 1992 Manchego-Murcian thermo-mesomediterranean tomillar on calcareo-dolomitic and dolomitic soils Sideritido bourgaeanae-Thymion funkii P. Sánchez et Alcaraz 1993 Schaminee et al, 2012
Teucrion mari (Gamisans et Muracciole 1984) Biondi et Mossa 1992 Cyrno-Sardinian thermo-mesomediterranean acidophilous garrigue Calicotomo villosae-Genistion tyrrhenae Biondi 2000; Genistion corsicae Paradis et Pozzo di Borgo 2005; Myrto communis-Ericion scopariae Paradis et Pozzo di Borgo 2005 Schaminee et al, 2012
Cistion ladaniferi Br.-Bl. ex A. Bolós et O. Bolòs in A. Bolós 1950 Thermomediterranean acidophilous coastal garrigue of western Tyrrhenian and Ligurian seaboards Calicotomo spinosae-Cistion ladaniferi (Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1940) Rivas-Mart. 1979; Cistion ladaniferi Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl et al. 1940; Lavandulion stoechadis Julve 1993; Cistion medio-mediterraneum (Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1940) O. de Bolòs 1962; Cistion ladanifer Br.-Bl. 1931 (orig. form) Schaminee et al, 2012
Artemisio albae-Saturejion montanae Allegrezza et al. 1997 Meso-supramediterranean sub-xeric basiphilous scrub of Central Appenines Cytiso spinescentis-Saturejion montanae Pirone et Tammaro 1997 Schaminee et al, 2012
Eryngio trifidi-Ulicion erinacei Rothmaler 1943 Thermo-mesomediterranean calcicolous scrub of humid and perhumid regions of southern Portugal and southwestern Spain Coridothymo-Genistion umbellatae Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday et Borja 1961; Micromerio micranthae-Coridothymion capitati Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. in Rivas Goday 1964; Saturejo micranthae-Coridothymion capitati Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1969; Saturejo micranthae-Thymbrion capitatae Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1969 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Cistion laurifolii Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday et al. 1956 North-central Iberian meso-supramediterranean acidophilous jarales and cantuesales Cistion laurifolii Rivas Goday 1949; Cisto laurifolii-Lavandulion pedunculatae Rivas-Mart. 1968 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 32.4 Western meso-mediterranean calcicolous garrigues same
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.3. Sclerophyllous vegetation n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F6.1 Western garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F6.1 Western garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F6.1 Western garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F6.1 Western garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F5.2 Rosmarinus garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.4 Western meso-Mediterranean calcicolous garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 32.4 Western meso-Mediterranean calcicolous garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 32.4 Western meso-Mediterranean calcicolous garrigues same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 32.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 32.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 32.4   same
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