Skip to content. Skip to navigation
Sign up now!
Get notifications on new reports and products. Currently we have 32837 subscribers. Frequency: 3-4 emails / month.
Follow us
Twitter icon Twitter
Facebook icon Facebook
YouTube icon YouTube channel
RSS logo RSS Feeds
Notifications archive

Write us Write to us

For the public:


For media and journalists:

Enquiry web form
Contact EEA staff
Contact the web team

Call us Call us

Reception:

Phone:
(+45) 33 36 71 00
Fax: (+45) 33 36 71 99


EEA

Loading

Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-desert scrub

Document Actions



English name Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-desert scrub

NATURA 2000 habitat type code   5330
Originally published code   32.22 -> 32.26 Priority     No  
Edition   Black Sea Marine Habitat Classification Workshop, May 2007

Description ( English )

Scrub formations characteristic of the thermo-Mediterranean zone. Included here are those formations, for the most part indifferent to the siliceous or calcareous nature of the substrate, that reach their greatest extension or optimal development in the thermo-Mediterranean zone. Also included are the numerous, strongly characterised, thermophile formations endemic to the south of the Iberian peninsula, mostly thermo-Mediterranean but sometimes meso-Mediterranean; in their great local diversity they are a western counterpart of, and sometimes approach in appearance, the mostly eastern Mediterranean phryganas, which, however, on account of their strong structural singularity, are listed separately under Pal. 33. (5410). Subtypes : Pal. 32.21G - Genista fasselata brush Brushes dominated by the tall, spiny Genista fasselata of very restricted distribution in the eastern Mediterranean basin. Pal. 31.8B5p - Xerophilous Crataegus azarolus var. aronia scrub. Low to medium height scrub of the semi-arid zone of Cyprus characterised by Crataegus azarolus var. aronia with an abundance of herbs and grasses and belonging to the Genisto-Ceratonietum. It develops at low to medium altitudes (300-500 m) on calcareous substrates. Pal. 32.22 Tree-spurge formations: Stands of Euphorbia dendroides, remarkable tertiary relict of Macaronesian origin; they occur as a facies of the thermo-Mediterranean brushes of the Balearics, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Isles Eolie, Egadi, Pelagi, Pantelleria, Crete, and, very locally, of those of the coasts of northern Catalonia, southeastern France, peninsular Italy and its islands, central Greece, notably on slopes facing the gulf of Corinth, the Peloponnese, the Aegean archipelagos, and enclaves of the Mediterranean periphery of Anatolia and the Levant. Particularly extensive and robust stands occur in Sicily, Sardinia and Crete where they may extend to relatively high altitudes. Very local formations in Mediterranean North Africa occupy the steep rocky slopes of some coastal capes and isolated inland sites (Ichkeul) Pal. 32.23 Diss-dominated garrigues: Garrigues invaded and dominated by the high tussocks of Ampelodesmos mauritanica; typically thermo-Mediterranean, they also occur extensively in the meso-Mediterranean zone. They are most prevalent on the Tyrrhenian coast of central and southern Italy, in Sicily, in the Mediterranean zone and the less arid parts of the Saharo-Mediterranean transition zone of North Africa. Pal. 32.24 Palmetto brush: Chamaerops humilis-dominated formations; other thermo-Mediterranean brushes or garrigues rich in the physiognomically important palmetto can be identified by a combination of this code and that of the other appropriate subdivision of Pal. 32.2. Palmetto brushes are best represented in the coastal areas of south-western, southern and eastern Iberia, the Balearics, Sicily and its satellite islands and Mediterranean North Africa, with more sporadic occurrences in the Guadalquivir basin, Sardinia, and the Tyrrhenian coasts and islands of peninsular Italy. Pal. 32.25 Mediterranean pre-desert scrub. Periplocion angustifoliae, Anthyllidetalia terniflorae: Shrub formations constituting, with the halo-nitrophilous scrubs (Pal. 15.724) and the localised gypsum scrubs (Pal. 15.93), much of the natural and semi-natural vegetation of the arid zone of southeastern Spain (Almeria, Murcia, Alicante), a highly distinctive region of unique climatological, biological and landscape character within Europe, extremely rich in African and endemic species. Several of the most remarkable formations remain in only a few undisturbed localities and are gravely at risk . Similar formations occur in the upper arid (Mediterranean arid) zone of North Africa. Outposts of these communities also exist in Sicily, the Egadi islands, the Pelagie islands, Malta and Pantelleria. Pal. 32.26 Thermo-Mediterranean broom fields (retamares): West Mediterranean formations dominated by retamas (Lygos spp.) or by large, non-spiny thermo-Mediterranean brooms of genera Cytisus and Genista, limited to the Iberian peninsula, the Balearics, Mediterranean North Africa, Sicily and its associated islands, the Cilento coast of Campania. Pal. 32.441p - Spiny spurge garrigues: Euphorbia melitensis garrigues of Malta. Plant text: Pal. 31.21G - Genista fasselata; Pal. 31.8B5p - Crataegus azarolus var. aronia; Pal. 32.22 - Euphorbia dendroides; Pal. 32.23 - Ampelodesmos mauritanica; Pal. 32.24 - Chamaerops humilis; Pal. 32.25 - Ziziphus lotus, Maytenus senegalensis var. europaeus, Periploca laevigata ssp. angustifolia, Salsola webbii, Sideritis foetens, Ulex argentatus ssp. erinaceus, Genista umbellata; Pal. 32.26 - Lygos sphaerocarpa, Lygos monosperma, Lygos raetam ssp. gussonei, Genista cinerea ssp. speciosa, Genista valentina, Genista spartioides ssp. retamoides, Genista spartioides ssp. pseudoretamoides, Genista haenseleri, Genista ramosissima, Genista ephedroides, Genista dorycnifolia, Cytisus aeolicus; Pal. 32.441- Euphorbia melitensis.

Source

Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

External links


Name in other languages

Language Name
Danish Lavlands-mediterrane ørkenagtige krat
German Thermo-mediterrane Gebüschformationen und Vorwüsten (sonstige Gesellschaften)
Greek QermomesogeiakeV kai proerhmikeV locmeV
Spanish Matorrales termomediterráneos y pre-estépicos
Finnish Termovälimerellinen ja esiaavikko-pensaisto
French Fourrés thermoméditerranéens et prédésertiques
Italian Arbusteti termo-mediterranei e pre-desertici
Dutch Thermo-meditarrane en halfwoestijn-struikvegetaties
Portuguese Matos termomediterrânicos pré-desérticos
Swedish Termomediterrana och förstäppbuskmarker

Relationships with other classifications

Classification Code Title Relation type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F5.55 Mediterranean pre-desert scrub wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F5.56 Thermo-Mediterranean broom fields (retamares) wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F5.5 Thermo-Mediterranean scrub narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F5.53 [Ampelodesmos mauritanica] -dominated garrigues wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F5.54 [Chamaerops humilis] brush wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F5.52 [Euphorbia dendroides] formations wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200611 F5.55 Mediterranean pre-desert scrub wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200611 F5.56 Thermo-Mediterranean broom fields (retamares) wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200611 F5.5 Thermo-Mediterranean scrub narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200611 F5.53 [Ampelodesmos mauritanica] -dominated garrigues wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200611 F5.54 [Chamaerops humilis] brush wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200611 F5.52 [Euphorbia dendroides] formations wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F5.55 Mediterranean pre-desert scrub wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F5.56 Thermo-Mediterranean broom fields (retamares) wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F5.5 Thermo-Mediterranean shrub habitats narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F5.53 [Ampelodesmos mauritanica] -dominated garrigues wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F5.54 [Chamaerops humilis] brush wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F5.52 [Euphorbia dendroides] formations wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F5.55 Mediterranean pre-desert scrub wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F5.56 Thermo-Mediterranean broom fields (retamares) wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F5.5 Thermo-Mediterranean shrub habitats narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F5.53 [Ampelodesmos mauritanica] -dominated garrigues wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F5.54 [Chamaerops humilis] brush wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F5.52 [Euphorbia dendroides] formations wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F5.55 Mediterranean pre-desert scrub wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F5.56 Thermo-Mediterranean broom fields (retamares) wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F5.5 Thermo-Mediterranean shrub habitats narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F5.53 [Ampelodesmos mauritanica] -dominated garrigues wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F5.54 [Chamaerops humilis] brush wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F5.52 [Euphorbia dendroides] formations wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F5.55 Mediterranean pre-desert scrub narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F5.56 Thermo-Mediterranean broom fields (retamares) narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F5.53 [Ampelodesmos mauritanica] -dominated garrigues narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F5.54 [Chamaerops humilis] brush narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F5.52 [Euphorbia dendroides] formations narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F2.25 Mediterranean pre-desert scrub narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F2.26 Thermo-Mediterranean broom fields (retamares) narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F2.23 [Ampelodesmos mauritanica]-dominated garrigues narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F2.24 [Chamaerops humilis] brush narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F2.22 [Euphorbia dendroides] formations narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.23 Diss-dominated garrigues narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.25 Mediterranean pre-desert scrub narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.24 Palmetto brush narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.26 Thermo-Mediterranean broom fields ([retamares]) narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.22 Tree-spurge formations narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.2572 Almerian arid garrigues not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.25722 Cabo de Gata arid garrigue not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.25724 Coastal Almerian arid garrigues not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.23 Diss-dominated garrigues not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.269 Eolian broomfields not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.26A Genista ephedroides broomfields not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.266 Genista haenseleri broom fields not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.267 Genista ramosissima broom fields not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.265 Genista retamoides broom fields not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.263 Genista speciosa broom fields not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.2564 Genista umbellata garrigues not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.264 Genista valentina broom fields not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.2563 Gorse-phlomis scrub not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.257 Iberian arid garrigues not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.2671 Iberian Genista ramosissima broom fields not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.251 Iberian jujube brush not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.254 Iberian Periploca scrubs not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.256 Iberian tall arid brushes not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.262 Ibero-Mauritanian white retama brush not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.26B Ibiza broomfields not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.25721 Limonium-Anabasis arid garrigues not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.253 Maytenus brushes not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.25 Mediterranean pre-desert scrub not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.2571 Murcio-Alicantian arid garrigues not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.24 Palmetto brush not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.2561 Salsola webbii brush not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.255 Sicilian Channel Periploca scrubs not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.252 Sicilian jujube brush not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.268 Sicilian retama brush not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.2562 Sideritis brush not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.25723 Tabernas arid garrigues not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.26 Thermo-Mediterranean broom fields (retamares) not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.22 Tree-spurge formations not defined
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 32.261 Yellow retama brush not defined
  SCLEROPHYLLOUS SCRUB (MATORRAL)    Ancestor
  Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-steppe brush    Parent
EUNIS

General information

User operations

European Environment Agency, Kongens Nytorv 6, DK - 1050 Copenhagen K, Denmark - Phone: +45 3336 7100
EU flagThe European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union.
Comments to EEA Web Team.

Code and API for developers, Legal notice, Disclaimer, Privacy policy

 

This site conforms to the following standards: