Sarcopoterium spinosum phryganas

Description (English)

Low, thorny formations of hemispherical shrubs of the coastal thermo-Mediterranean zone of Aegean islands, of mainland Greece and the Ionian islands, of coastal Anatolia, much more widespread and diverse than the western Mediterranean formations.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 5420)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Mediterranean - Favourable
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 174 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Anthyllis hermanniae
Flowering Plants Ballota acetabulosa
Flowering Plants Ballota pseudodictamnus
Flowering Plants Calicotome villosa
Flowering Plants Centaurea spinosa
Flowering Plants Cistus creticus
Flowering Plants Cistus parviflorus
Flowering Plants Cistus salvifolius
Flowering Plants Erica manipuliflora
Flowering Plants Euphorbia acanthothamnos
Flowering Plants Fumana arabica
Flowering Plants Fumana thymifolia
Flowering Plants Genista acanthoclada
Flowering Plants Lithospermum hispidulum
Flowering Plants Micromeria graeca
Flowering Plants Micromeria juliana
Flowering Plants Micromeria nervosa
Flowering Plants Ononis spinosa
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Rhamnus oleoides
Flowering Plants Salvia triloba
Flowering Plants Sarcopoterium spinosum
Flowering Plants Satureja thymbra
Flowering Plants Stachys spinosa
Flowering Plants Teucrium brevifolium
Flowering Plants Teucrium divaricatum
Flowering Plants Teucrium polium
Flowering Plants Thymus capitatus
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Anthyllis hermanniae Flowering Plants
Ballota acetabulosa Flowering Plants
Ballota pseudodictamnus Flowering Plants
Calicotome villosa Flowering Plants
Centaurea spinosa Flowering Plants
Cistus creticus Flowering Plants
Cistus parviflorus Flowering Plants
Cistus salvifolius Flowering Plants
Erica manipuliflora Flowering Plants
Euphorbia acanthothamnos Flowering Plants
Fumana arabica Flowering Plants
Fumana thymifolia Flowering Plants
Genista acanthoclada Flowering Plants
Lithospermum hispidulum Flowering Plants
Micromeria graeca Flowering Plants
Micromeria juliana Flowering Plants
Micromeria nervosa Flowering Plants
Ononis spinosa Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Rhamnus oleoides Flowering Plants
Salvia triloba Flowering Plants
Sarcopoterium spinosum Flowering Plants
Satureja thymbra Flowering Plants
Stachys spinosa Flowering Plants
Teucrium brevifolium Flowering Plants
Teucrium divaricatum Flowering Plants
Teucrium polium Flowering Plants
Thymus capitatus Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
CY2000001 Cyprus MAMMARI - DENEIA Map
CY2000002 Cyprus ALYKOS POTAMOS - AGIOS SOZOMENOS Map
CY2000003 Cyprus PERIOCHI MITSEROU - AGROKIPIAS Map
CY2000004 Cyprus DASOS MACHAIRA Map
CY2000005 Cyprus MADARI - PAPOUTSA Map
CY2000006 Cyprus DASOS PAFOU Map
CY2000008 Cyprus KOILADA KEDRON - KAMPOS Map
CY2000009 Cyprus FOUNTOUKODASI PITSILIAS Map
CY2000010 Cyprus KOILADA POTAMOU MAROULLENAS Map
CY2000011 Cyprus POTAMOS PERISTERONAS Map
CY3000002 Cyprus SPA KAVO GKREKO Map
CY3000005 Cyprus KAVO GKREKO Map
CY4000002 Cyprus CHA - POTAMI Map
CY4000003 Cyprus KOILADA DIARIZOU Map
CY4000004 Cyprus VOUNI PANAGIAS Map
CY4000005 Cyprus EPISKOPI MOROU NEROU Map
CY4000007 Cyprus XEROS POTAMOS Map
CY4000008 Cyprus KOILI - MAVROKOLYMPOS Map
CY4000010 Cyprus CHERSONISOS AKAMA Map
CY4000013 Cyprus FAROS KATO PAFOU Map
CY4000015 Cyprus PERIOCHI KRITOU MAROTTOU Map
CY4000023 Cyprus ZONI EIDIKIS PROSTASIAS CHERSONISOS AKAMA Map
CY5000001 Cyprus DASOS LEMESOU Map
CY5000004 Cyprus ETHNIKO DASIKO PARKO TROODOUS Map
CY5000005 Cyprus AKROTIRIO ASPRO - PETRA ROMIOU Map
CY5000006 Cyprus KOILADA LIMNATI Map
CY5000011 Cyprus ZONI EIDIKIS PROSTASIAS KOILADA LIMNATI Map
CY6000002 Cyprus ALYKES LARNAKAS Map
CY6000003 Cyprus PERIOCHI LYMPION - AGIAS ANNAS Map
CY6000004 Cyprus DASOS STAVROVOUNIOU Map
CY6000005 Cyprus PERIOCHI LEFKARON Map
CY6000006 Cyprus ETHNIKO DASIKO PARKO RIZOELIAS Map
CY6000010 Cyprus ZONI EIDIKIS PROSTASIAS LIMNI OROKLINIS Map
CY6000011 Cyprus LIMNI OROKLINIS Map
ES0000153 Spain Área esteparia del este de Albacete Map
ES4310028 Spain Río Matachel Map
GR1110004 Greece FENGARI SAMOTHRAKIS, ANATOLIKES AKTES, VRACHONISSIDA ZOURAFA KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR1210002 Greece STENA ALIAKMONA Map
GR1270003 Greece CHERSONISOS ATHOS Map
GR1270004 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA AGIOU MAMA Map
GR1420010 Greece STENA KALAMAKIOU Map
GR1430003 Greece SKIATHOS: KOUKOUNARIES KAI EVRYTERI THALASSIA PERIOCHI Map
GR1430004 Greece ETHNIKO THALASSIO PARKO ALONNISOU – VOREION SPORADON, ANATOLIKI SKOPELOS Map
GR2110001 Greece AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI, KATO POUS ARACHTHOU, KAMPI FILIPPIADAS) Map
GR2120001 Greece EKVOLES (DELTA) KALAMA Map
GR2120002 Greece ELOS KALODIKI Map
GR2210001 Greece DYTIKES KAI VOREIOANATOLIKES AKTES ZAKYNTHOU Map
GR2210002 Greece KOLPOS LAGANA ZAKYNTHOU (AKR. GERAKI - KERI) KAI NISIDES MARATHONISI KAI PELOUZO Map
GR2210003 Greece NISOI STROFADES Map
GR2220001 Greece KALON OROS KEFALONIAS Map
GR2220003 Greece ESOTERIKO ARCHIPELAGOS IONIOU (MEGANISI, ARKOUDI, ATOKOS, VROMONAS) Map
GR2230004 Greece NISOI PAXOI KAI ANTIPAXOI KAI EVRYTERI THALASSIA PERIOCHI Map
GR2310001 Greece DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALAS Map
GR2310004 Greece OROS PANAITOLIKO Map
GR2310005 Greece OROS VARASOVA Map
GR2310010 Greece OROS ARAKYNTHOS KAI STENA KLEISOURAS Map
GR2320003 Greece FARANGI VOURAIKOU Map
GR2320004 Greece AISTHITIKO DASOS KALAVRYTON Map
GR2320007 Greece OROS PANACHAIKO – SYRAGKES PANAGOPOULAS Map
GR2320008 Greece OROS ERYMANTHOS Map
GR2330004 Greece OLYMPIA Map
GR2330007 Greece PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI APO AKR. KYLLINI EOS TOUMPI - KALOGRIA Map
GR2410001 Greece LIMNES YLIKI KAI PARALIMNI – SYSTIMA VOIOTIKOU KIFISOU -KATAVOTHRA ALIARTOU Map
GR2420001 Greece OROS OCHI – KAMPOS KARYSTOU – POTAMI – AKROTIRIO KAFIREFS – PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR2420002 Greece DIRFYS: DASOS STENIS - DELFI Map
GR2420006 Greece SKYROS: OROS KOCHYLAS Map
GR2440006 Greece OROS KALLIDROMO Map
GR2450004 Greece PARALIAKI ZONI APO NAFPAKTO EOS ITEA - PERIOCHI PIGON CHILIADOU Map
GR2510003 Greece AKRONAFPLIA KAI PALAMIDI Map
GR2520003 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA MOUSTOU Map
GR2520006 Greece OROS PARNONAS (KAI PERIOCHI MALEVIS) Map
GR2530003 Greece AKROKORINTHOS Map
GR2530005 Greece ORI GERANEIA Map
GR2540002 Greece PERIOCHI NEAPOLIS KAI NISOS ELAFONISOS Map
GR2540003 Greece EKVOLES EVROTA, PERIOCHI VRONTAMA KAI THALASSIA PERIOCHI LAKONIKOU KOLPOU Map
GR2550001 Greece FARANGI NEDONA (PETALON - CHANI) Map
GR2550003 Greece NISOI SAPIENTZA KAI SCHIZA, AKROTIRIO AKRITAS Map
GR2550006 Greece OROS TAYGETOS SPILAIO TRACHILAS SPILAIO VATSINIDI Map
GR3000003 Greece ETHNIKO PARKO SCHINIA - MARATHONA Map
GR3000004 Greece VRAVRONA - PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR3000005 Greece SOUNIO - NISIDA PATROKLOU KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR3000006 Greece YMITTOS - AISTHITIKO DASOS KAISARIANIS - LIMNI VOULIAGMENIS Map
GR3000008 Greece ANTIKYTHIRA - PRASONISI KAI LAGOUVARDOS Map
GR3000010 Greece NISIDES KYTHIRON: PRASONISI, DRAGONERA, ANTIDRAGONERA Map
GR4110001 Greece LIMNOS: CHORTAROLIMNI - LIMNI ALYKI KAI THALASSIA PERIOCHI Map
GR4110002 Greece AGIOS EFSTRATIOS KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4110003 Greece LESVOS: DYTIKI CHERSONISOS - APOLITHOMENO DASOS Map
GR4110004 Greece LESVOS: KOLPOS KALLONIS KAI CHERSAIA PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4110005 Greece LESVOS KOLPOS GERAS, ELOS NTIPI KAI OROS OLYMPOS – POTAMOS EVERGETOULAS Map
GR4120001 Greece SAMOS: PARALIA ALYKI Map
GR4120002 Greece SAMOS: OROS AMPELOS (KARVOUNIS) Map
GR4120003 Greece SAMOS: OROS KERKETEFS - MIKRO KAI MEGALO SEITANI - DASOS KASTANIAS KAI LEKKAS, AKR. KATAVASIS - LIMENAS Map
GR4120004 Greece IKARIA - FOURNOI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4130001 Greece VOREIA CHIOS KAI NISOI OINOUSSES KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4210001 Greece KASOS KAI KASONISIA – EVRYTERI THALASSIA PERIOCHI Map
GR4210002 Greece KENTRIKI KARPATHOS: KALI LIMNI - LASTOS - KYRA PANAGIA KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4210003 Greece VOREIA KARPATHOS KAI SARIA KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4210004 Greece KASTELLORIZO KAI NISIDES RO KAI STRONGYLI KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4210005 Greece RODOS: AKRAMYTIS, ARMENISTIS, ATTAVYROS, REMATA KAI THALASSIA ZONI (KARAVOLA-ORMOS GLYFADA) Map
GR4210006 Greece RODOS: PROFITIS ILIAS - EPTA PIGES – PETALOUDES - REMATA Map
GR4210007 Greece NOTIA NISYROS KAI STRONGYLI, IFAISTIAKO PEDIO KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4210008 Greece KOS: AKROTIRIO LOUROS - LIMNI PSALIDI - OROS DIKAIOS - ALYKI - PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4210009 Greece ASTYPALAIA: ANATOLIKO TMIMA, GYRO NISIDES KAI OFIDOUSSA KAI THALASSIA ZONI (AKR. LANTRA - AKR. VRYSI) Map
GR4210010 Greece ARKOI, LEIPSOI, AGATHONISI KAI VRACHONISIDES Map
GR4210011 Greece VRACHONISIA NOTIOU AIGAIOU: VELOPOULA, FALKONERA, ANANES, CHRISTIANA, PACHEIA, FTENO, MAKRA, ASTAKIDONISIA, SYRNA - GYRO NISIA KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220001 Greece ANDROS: ORMOS VITALI KAI KENTRIKOS OREINOS OGKOS Map
GR4220002 Greece ANAFI: CHERSONISOS KALAMOS - ROUKOUNAS Map
GR4220003 Greece SANTORINI: NEA KAI PALIA KAMENI - PROFITIS ILIAS Map
GR4220004 Greece FOLEGANDROS ANATOLIKI MECHRI DYTIKI SIKINO KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220006 Greece NISOS POLYAIGOS - KIMOLOS Map
GR4220007 Greece NISOS ANTIMILOS - THALASSIA PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4220008 Greece SIFNOS: PROFITIS ILIAS MECHRI DYTIKES AKTES KAI THALASSIA PERIOCHI Map
GR4220009 Greece NOTIA SERIFOS Map
GR4220010 Greece VOREIODYTIKI KYTHNOS: OROS ATHERAS - AKROTIRIO KEFALOS KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4220011 Greece ANATOLIKI KEA Map
GR4220012 Greece VOREIA AMORGOS KAI KINAROS, LEVITHA, MAVRA, GLAROS KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220013 Greece MIKRES KYKLADES: IRAKLEIA, SCHOINOUSSA, KOUFONISIA, KEROS, ANTIKERIA KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220014 Greece KENTRIKI KAI NOTIA NAXOS: ZAS KAI VIGLA EOS MAVROVOUNI KAI THALASSIA ZONI (ORMOS KARADES - ORMOS MOUTSOUNAS) Map
GR4220016 Greece NISOS PAROS: PETALOUDES Map
GR4220017 Greece NISOI DESPOTIKO KAI STRONGYLO KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220018 Greece SYROS: OROS SYRINGAS EOS PARALIA Map
GR4220019 Greece TINOS: MYRSINI - AKROTIRIO LIVADA Map
GR4220020 Greece NISOS MILOS: PROFITIS ILIAS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
GR4220033 Greece NISOS GYAROS KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4310002 Greece GIOUCHTAS - FARANGI AGIAS EIRINIS Map
GR4310003 Greece NISOS DIA Map
GR4310004 Greece DYTIKA ASTEROUSIA (APO AGIOFARANGO EOS KOKKINO PYRGO) Map
GR4310005 Greece ASTEROUSIA (KOFINAS) Map
GR4310006 Greece DIKTI: OMALOS VIANNOU (SYMI - OMALOS) Map
GR4320002 Greece DIKTI: OROPEDIO LASITHIOU, KATHARO, SELENA, SELAKANO, CHALASMENI KORYFI Map
GR4320003 Greece NISOS CHRYSI Map
GR4320004 Greece MONI KAPSA (FARANGI KAPSA KAI GYRO PERIOCHI) Map
GR4320005 Greece OROS THRYPTIS KAI GYRO PERIOCHI Map
GR4320006 Greece VOREIOANATOLIKO AKRO KRITIS: DIONYSADES, ELASA KAI CHERSONISOS SIDERO (AKRA MAVRO MOURI – VAI – AKRA PLAKAS) KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4320008 Greece NISOS KOUFONISI KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4330002 Greece OROS KEDROS Map
GR4330003 Greece KOURTALIOTIKO FARANGI - MONI PREVELI - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
GR4330004 Greece PRASSANO FARANGI - PATSOS - SFAKORYAKO REMA - PARALIA RETHYMNOU KAI EKVOLI GEROPOTAMOU, AKR. LIANOS KAVOS - PERIVOLIA Map
GR4330005 Greece OROS IDI (VORIZIA, GERANOI, KALI MADARA) Map
GR4340001 Greece IMERI KAI AGRIA GRAMVOUSSA - TIGANI KAI FALASARNA - PONTIKONISI, ORMOS LIVADI - VIGLIA Map
GR4340002 Greece NISOS ELAFONISOS KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4340003 Greece CHERSONISOS RODOPOU – PARALIA MALEME -KOLPOS CHANION Map
GR4340004 Greece ELOS - TOPOLIA - SASALOS - AGIOS DIKAIOS Map
GR4340005 Greece ORMOS SOUGIAS - VARDIA - FARANGI LISSOU MECHRI ANYDROUS KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4340006 Greece LIMNI AGIAS – PLATANIAS – REMA KAI EKVOLI KERITI – KOILADA FASA Map
GR4340007 Greece FARANGI THERISSOU Map
GR4340008 Greece LEFKA ORI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4340010 Greece DRAPANO (VOREIOANATOLIKES AKTES) – PARALIA GEORGIOUPOLIS – LIMNI KOURNA - SPILAIO PSIMAKI Map
GR4340011 Greece FRE - TZITZIFES - NIPOS Map
GR4340012 Greece ASFENDOU - KALLIKRATIS KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4340013 Greece NISOI GAVDOS KAI GAVDOPOULA Map
GR4340015 Greece PARALIA APO CHRYSOSKALITISSA MECHRI AKROTIRIO KRIOS Map
IT9150013 Italy Palude del Capitano Map
IT9310040 Italy Montegiordano Marina Map
IT9310043 Italy Fiumara Avena Map
IT9310304 Italy Alto Ionio Cosentino Map
ITA080011 Italy Conca del Salto Map
ITA090001 Italy Isola di Capo Passero Map
ITA090002 Italy Vendicari Map
ITA090004 Italy Pantano Morghella Map
ITA090007 Italy Cava Grande del Cassibile, Cava Cinque Porte, Cava e Bosco di Bauli Map
ITA090008 Italy Capo Murro di Porco, Penisola della Maddalena e Grotta Pellegrino Map
ITA090009 Italy Valle del Fiume Anapo, Cavagrande del Calcinara, Cugni di Sortino Map
ITA090010 Italy Isola Correnti, Pantani di Punta Pilieri, chiusa dell'Alga e Parrino Map
ITA090011 Italy Grotta Monello Map
ITA090015 Italy Torrente Sapillone Map
ITA090016 Italy Alto corso del Fiume Asinaro, Cava Piraro e Cava Carosello Map
ITA090019 Italy Cava Cardinale Map
ITA090020 Italy Monti Climiti Map
ITA090021 Italy Cava Contessa - Cugno Lupo Map
ITA090022 Italy Bosco Pisano Map
ITA090024 Italy Cozzo Ogliastri Map
ITA090029 Italy Pantani della Sicilia sud-orientale, Morghella, di Marzamemi, di Punta Pilieri e Vendicari Map
MT0000002 Malta L-Inhawi ta' Pembroke Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.31 Aegean phrygana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.31B Aegean Anthyllis hermanniae phrygana wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.315 Aegean Erica manipuliflora phrygana wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.319 Aegean Euphorbia acanthothamnos phrygana wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.317 Aegean Genista acanthoclada phrygana wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.31A Aegean Lithospermum hispidulum phrygana wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.311 Aegean Sarcopoterium phrygana wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.318 Aegean Satureja thymbra phrygana wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.316 Aegean Thymus capitatus phrygana wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.314 Cycladian Centaurea phrygana wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.3 East Mediterranean phrygana narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.313 Lesbian Centaurea spinosa phrygana wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.312 Maritime Centaurea spinosa phrygana wider
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