Habitat Annex I Directive hierarchical view > SCLEROPHYLLOUS SCRUB (MATORRAL) > Phrygana > Endemic phryganas of the Euphorbio-Verbascion

Endemic phryganas of the Euphorbio-Verbascion

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 5430)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Mediterranean - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 81 are designated for this habitat type

Description (English)

Cushion-forming thermo-Mediterranean sclerophyllous formations, often thorny and summer deciduous. The following subtypes are included:
Pal. 33.4 - Mid-elevation phryganas of Crete: varied formations of supra- and oro- Mediterranean levels of Crete resulting from the broad contact between phryganas and hedgehog-heaths (Pal. 32.7), with Euphorbia acanthothamnos, Verbascum spinosum, Berberis cretica, Phlomis cretica, Satureja biroi, Sideritis syriaca, Hypericum empetrifolium, Origanum microphyllum, Micromeria juliana, Helichrysum italicum ssp. microphyllum, Genista acanthoclada.
Pal. 33.5 - Hypericum phryganas: extremely rare, local colonies of hemispherical shrubs of Hypericum aegyptiacum forming open phryganas on calcareous rocks by the sea in the Ionian islands, western Crete, Sardinia and Lampedusa.
Pal. 33.6 - Italian Sarcopoterium phryganas: very local, impoverished Sarcopoterium spinosum formations of Capo St. Elia (southern Sardinian coast) and of the Gulf of Taranto (Puglia, Calabria).
Pal.33.7 - Sardinian Genista acanthoclada phrygana: very local Genista acanthoclada ssp. sardoa-dominated communities of northwestern Sardinia.
Pal. 33.8 - Balearic clifftop phryganas: formations of the coasts of Mallorca and Minorca dominated by the cushion-forming Balearic endemics Launaea cervicornis, Astragalus balearicus, *Centaurea balearica, Anthyllis fulgurans, Anthyllis hermanniae ssp. hystrix, Teucrium subspinosum.
Pal. 33.9 - Cyrno-Sardian Genista phryganas: thermo-Mediterranean formations of headlands and peninsulas of Corsica and Sardinia dominated by cushion-forming spiny Genista corsica or Genista morisii. These endemic species participate in the constitution of hedgehog-heaths (Pal. 31.75) as well as in that of the coastal formations listed here, which assume an evident phrygana appearance; they may also enter in the composition of mid-elevation formations of less distinctive appearance which can be listed under Pal. 32.482.
Pal. 33.A - Pantelleria phrygana: coastal formation of hemispherical shrubs with the Pantelleria endemics Helichrysum saxatile ssp. errerae and Matthiola pulchella, vicariant of the west Mediterranean, Balearic and Sardinian clifftop phryganas.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Distribution

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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Anthyllis fulgurans
Flowering Plants Astragalus balearicus
Flowering Plants Berberis cretica
Flowering Plants Centaurea balearica
Flowering Plants Euphorbia acanthothamnos
Flowering Plants Genista acanthoclada
Flowering Plants Genista corsica
Flowering Plants Genista morisii
Flowering Plants Hypericum empetrifolium
Flowering Plants Launaea cervicornis
Flowering Plants Micromeria juliana
Flowering Plants Origanum microphyllum
Flowering Plants Phlomis cretica
Flowering Plants Sarcopoterium spinosum
Flowering Plants Satureja biroi
Flowering Plants Sideritis syriaca
Flowering Plants Teucrium subspinosum
Flowering Plants Verbascum spinosum
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Anthyllis fulgurans Flowering Plants
Astragalus balearicus Flowering Plants
Berberis cretica Flowering Plants
Centaurea balearica Flowering Plants
Euphorbia acanthothamnos Flowering Plants
Genista acanthoclada Flowering Plants
Genista corsica Flowering Plants
Genista morisii Flowering Plants
Hypericum empetrifolium Flowering Plants
Launaea cervicornis Flowering Plants
Micromeria juliana Flowering Plants
Origanum microphyllum Flowering Plants
Phlomis cretica Flowering Plants
Sarcopoterium spinosum Flowering Plants
Satureja biroi Flowering Plants
Sideritis syriaca Flowering Plants
Teucrium subspinosum Flowering Plants
Verbascum spinosum Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000073 Spain Costa Brava de Mallorca Map
ES0000081 Spain Cap Enderrocat - Cap Blanc Map
ES0000083 Spain Arxipèlag de Cabrera Map
ES0000145 Spain Mondragó Map
ES0000227 Spain Muntanyes d'Artà Map
ES0000228 Spain Cap de ses Salines Map
ES0000230 Spain La Vall Map
ES0000231 Spain Dels Alocs a Fornells Map
ES0000232 Spain La Mola i s'Albufera de Fornells Map
ES0000233 Spain D'Addaia a s'Albufera Map
ES0000234 Spain S'Albufera des Grau Map
ES0000236 Spain Illa de l'Aire Map
ES0000237 Spain Des Canutells a Llucalari Map
ES0000238 Spain Son Bou i barranc de sa Vall Map
ES0000239 Spain De Binigaus a cala Mitjana Map
ES0000240 Spain Costa Sud de Ciutadella Map
ES5310068 Spain Cap Negre Map
ES5310070 Spain Punta Redona - Arenal d'en Castell Map
ES5310095 Spain Can Picafort Map
ES5310096 Spain Punta de n'Amer Map
ES5310098 Spain Cales de Manacor Map
ES5310100 Spain Punta des Ras Map
ES5310113 Spain La Vall Map
ES5310127 Spain Costa Brava de Tramuntana Map
ES5310128 Spain Cap Enderrocat i cap Blanc Map
GR2210001 Greece DYTIKES KAI VOREIOANATOLIKES AKTES ZAKYNTHOU Map
GR2210002 Greece KOLPOS LAGANA ZAKYNTHOU (AKR. GERAKI - KERI) KAI NISIDES MARATHONISI KAI PELOUZO Map
GR2550004 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA PYLOU (DIVARI) KAI NISOS SFAKTIRIA, AGIOS DIMITRIOS Map
GR4320002 Greece DIKTI: OROPEDIO LASITHIOU, KATHARO, SELENA, SELAKANO, CHALASMENI KORYFI Map
GR4320005 Greece OROS THRYPTIS KAI GYRO PERIOCHI Map
GR4330002 Greece OROS KEDROS Map
GR4330004 Greece PRASSANO FARANGI - PATSOS - SFAKORYAKO REMA - PARALIA RETHYMNOU KAI EKVOLI GEROPOTAMOU, AKR. LIANOS KAVOS - PERIVOLIA Map
GR4330005 Greece OROS IDI (VORIZIA, GERANOI, KALI MADARA) Map
GR4340005 Greece ORMOS SOUGIAS - VARDIA - FARANGI LISSOU MECHRI ANYDROUS KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4340008 Greece LEFKA ORI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4340012 Greece ASFENDOU - KALLIKRATIS KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
ITA010020 Italy Isola di Pantelleria - Area Costiera, Falesie e Bagno dell'Acqua Map
ITA010030 Italy Isola di Pantelleria e area marina circostante Map
ITA040001 Italy Isola di Linosa Map
ITA040002 Italy Isola di Lampedusa e Lampione Map
ITA040013 Italy Arcipelago delle Pelagie - area marina e terrestre Map
ITB010001 Italy Isola Asinara Map
ITB010006 Italy Monte Russu Map
ITB010007 Italy Capo Testa Map
ITB010008 Italy Arcipelago La Maddalena Map
ITB010009 Italy Capo Figari e Isola Figarolo Map
ITB010010 Italy Isole Tavolara, Molara e Molarotto Map
ITB010042 Italy Capo Caccia (con le Isole Foradada e Piana) e Punta del Giglio Map
ITB010043 Italy Coste e Isolette a Nord Ovest della Sardegna Map
ITB010082 Italy Isola dell'Asinara Map
ITB011102 Italy Catena del Marghine e del Goceano Map
ITB011109 Italy Monte Limbara Map
ITB011113 Italy Campo di Ozieri e Pianure Comprese tra Tula e Oschiri Map
ITB011155 Italy Lago di Baratz - Porto Ferro Map
ITB012211 Italy Isola Rossa - Costa Paradiso Map
ITB013011 Italy Isola Piana di Porto Torres Map
ITB013018 Italy Capo Figari, Cala Sabina, Punta Canigione e Isola Figarolo Map
ITB013019 Italy Isole del Nord - Est tra Capo Ceraso e Stagno di San Teodoro Map
ITB013044 Italy Capo Caccia Map
ITB013048 Italy Piana di Ozieri, Mores, Ardara, Tula e Oschiri Map
ITB020012 Italy Berchida e Bidderosa Map
ITB020014 Italy Golfo di Orosei Map
ITB020015 Italy Area del Monte Ferru di Tertenia Map
ITB020041 Italy Entroterra e zona costiera tra Bosa, Capo Marargiu e Porto Tangone Map
ITB021103 Italy Monti del Gennargentu Map
ITB021107 Italy Monte Albo Map
ITB040027 Italy Isola di San Pietro Map
ITB040029 Italy Costa di Nebida Map
ITB040030 Italy Capo Pecora Map
ITB040031 Italy Monte Arcuentu e Rio Piscinas Map
ITB040071 Italy Da Piscinas a Riu Scivu Map
ITB041106 Italy Monte dei Sette Fratelli e Sarrabus Map
ITB041111 Italy Monte Linas - Marganai Map
ITB042243 Italy Monte Sant'Elia, Cala Mosca e Cala Fighera Map
ITB043032 Italy Isola di Sant'Antioco, Capo Sperone Map
ITB043035 Italy Costa e Entroterra tra Punta Cannoni e Punta delle Oche - Isola di San Pietro Map
ITB043054 Italy Campidano Centrale Map
ITB043055 Italy Monte dei Sette Fratelli Map
MT0000019 Malta L-Inhawi tad-Dwejra u tal-Qawra, inkluz Hagret il-General Map
MT0000024 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Malta: Ir-Ramla tac-Cirkewwa sal-Ponta ta' Benghisa Map
MT0000034 Malta L-Inhawi ta' Ta' Cenc Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.12 Balearic clifftop phrygana wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.2 Central Mediterranean spiny heaths overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.25 Central Mediterranean Sarcopoterium phrygana wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.23 Corsican and Sardinian Genista phrygana wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.3 East Mediterranean phrygana overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.32 Mid-elevation phrygana of Crete wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.24 Pantelleria phrygana wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.22 Sardinian Genista acanthoclada phrygana wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.1 West Mediterranean spiny heaths overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F7.26 Hypericum aegyptiacum phrygana wider
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