Forests of Ilex aquifolium

Description (English)

Communities dominated by arborescent Ilex aquifolium, relict of various forests with a field layer rich in Ilex and sometimes with Taxus (Pal. 42.A7), of the supra-Mediterranean level on various substrates. These woods correspond to the senescence stage of a forest with a undergrowth with Taxus and Ilex (belonging among others to the Ilici-Quercetum ilicis), after the fading of the tree layer. They generally form patches inside or outside forests.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 9380)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Atlantic - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Mediterranean - Unfavourable-Bad
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 99 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000003 Spain Picos de Europa Map
ES0000054 Spain Somiedo Map
ES0000055 Spain Fuentes del Narcea y del Ibias Map
ES0000057 Spain Alto Lozoya Map
ES0000067 Spain Sierras de Demanda, Urbión, Cebollera y Cameros Map
ES0000092 Spain Alto Tajo Map
ES0000093 Spain ZEPA Montes de Toledo Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES0000162 Spain Serranía de Cuenca Map
ES0000164 Spain Sierra de Ayllón Map
ES0000210 Spain Alto Sil Map
ES0000315 Spain Ubiña-La Mesa Map
ES0000374 Spain Ancares Map
ES0000437 Spain Pena Trevinca Map
ES0000488 Spain ZEPA Sierra de Ayllón Map
ES1120001 Spain Ancares - Courel Map
ES1120015 Spain Serra do Xistral Map
ES1130002 Spain Macizo Central Map
ES1130003 Spain Bidueiral de Montederramo Map
ES1130007 Spain Pena Trevinca Map
ES1200001 Spain Picos de Europa (Asturias) Map
ES1200008 Spain Redes Map
ES1200009 Spain Ponga-Amieva Map
ES1200010 Spain Montovo-La Mesa Map
ES1200011 Spain Peña Ubiña Map
ES1200012 Spain Caldoveiro Map
ES1200014 Spain Sierra de los Lagos Map
ES1200037 Spain Aller-Lena Map
ES1200039 Spain Cuencas Mineras Map
ES1200041 Spain Peña Manteca-Genestaza Map
ES1200043 Spain Sierra del Sueve Map
ES1200046 Spain Valgrande Map
ES1200056 Spain Fuentes del Narcea, Degaña e Ibias Map
ES1300001 Spain Liébana Map
ES1300009 Spain Río Nansa Map
ES1300021 Spain Valles altos del Nansa y Saja y Alto Campoo Map
ES3110002 Spain Cuenca del río Lozoya y Sierra Norte Map
ES4110002 Spain Sierra de Gredos Map
ES4120028 Spain Monte Santiago Map
ES4120030 Spain Montes Obarenes Map
ES4120090 Spain Embalse del Ebro - Monte Hijedo Map
ES4120092 Spain Sierra de la Demanda Map
ES4130003 Spain Picos de Europa en Castilla y León Map
ES4130010 Spain Sierra de los Ancares Map
ES4130149 Spain Omaña Map
ES4140011 Spain Fuentes Carrionas y Fuente Cobre-Montaña Palentina Map
ES4150101 Spain Candelario Map
ES4150108 Spain Quilamas Map
ES4160019 Spain Sierra de Ayllón Map
ES4160109 Spain Sierra de Guadarrama Map
ES4170054 Spain Oncala-Valtajeros Map
ES4170116 Spain Sierras de Urbión y Cebollera Map
ES4170119 Spain Sierra del Moncayo Map
ES4190105 Spain Lago de Sanabria y alrededores Map
ES4190110 Spain Sierra de la Cabrera Map
ES4230014 Spain Serranía de Cuenca Map
ES4240016 Spain Alto Tajo Map
ES4250005 Spain Montes de Toledo Map
ES5110010 Spain Sant Llorenç del Munt i l'Obac Map
ES5110012 Spain Montserrat-Roques Blanques-riu Llobregat Map
FR9101398 France Forêt de Valbonne Map
FR9101424 France Le Caroux et l'Espinouse Map
FR9301569 France Vallons obscurs de Nice et de Saint Blaise Map
FR9301574 France Gorges de la Siagne Map
FR9301585 France Massif du Luberon Map
FR9301603 France Chaîne de l'Etoile- massif du Garlaban Map
FR9301605 France Montagne Sainte Victoire Map
FR9301606 France Massif de la Sainte Baume Map
FR9301608 France Mont Caume - mont Faron - forêt domaniale des Morières Map
FR9301617 France Montagne de Malay Map
FR9301622 France La plaine et le massif des Maures Map
FR9301628 France Esterel Map
FR9400575 France Caporalino Monte Sant Angelo di Lano-Pianu Maggiore Map
FR9400598 France Massif du Tenda et forêt de Stella Map
FR9402007 France Site à Botrychium simple et châtaigneraies du Bozzio Map
GR1420001 Greece KATO OLYMPOS - KALLIPEFKI Map
IT9210250 Italy Timpa delle Murge Map
IT9210275 Italy Massiccio del Monte Pollino e Monte Alpi Map
ITA020004 Italy Monte S. Salvatore, Monte Catarineci, Vallone Mandarini, ambienti umidi Map
ITA020008 Italy Rocca Busambra e Rocche di Rao Map
ITA020016 Italy Monte Quacella, Monte dei Cervi, Pizzo Carbonara, Monte Ferro, Pizzo Otiero Map
ITA020039 Italy Monte Cane, Pizzo Selva a Mare, Monte Trigna Map
ITA020048 Italy Monti Sicani, Rocca Busambra e Bosco della Ficuzza Map
ITA020050 Italy Parco delle Madonie Map
ITA030014 Italy Pizzo Fau, Monte Pomiere, Pizzo Bidi e Serra della Testa Map
ITA030017 Italy Vallone Laccaretta e Urio Quattrocchi Map
ITA030043 Italy Monti Nebrodi Map
ITA070007 Italy Bosco del Flascio Map
ITB011102 Italy Catena del Marghine e del Goceano Map
ITB011109 Italy Monte Limbara Map
ITB020014 Italy Golfo di Orosei Map
ITB021103 Italy Monti del Gennargentu Map
ITB021156 Italy Monte Gonare Map
ITB041105 Italy Foresta di Monte Arcosu Map
PTCON0001 Portugal Peneda / Gerês Map
PTCON0014 Portugal Serra da Estrela Map
PTCON0047 Portugal Serras da Freita e Arada Map
PTCON0051 Portugal Complexo do Açor Map
PTZPE0002 Portugal Serra do Gerês Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 G2.6 Ilex aquifolium woods same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
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