Habitat Annex I Directive hierarchical view > FORESTS > Temperate mountainous coniferous forests > Subalpine and montane Pinus uncinata forests (* if on gypsum or limestone)

Subalpine and montane Pinus uncinata forests (* if on gypsum or limestone)

Description (English)

Only considered a priority habitat if on gypsum or limestone. Mountain pine forests (Pinus uncinata), usually open and with a very developed shrubby understory, of the subalpine and montane levels; on limestone, gypsum or siliceous substrate in a cool or thermophile situation depending on the region. Sometimes mixed with Pinus sylvestris, more rarely with Larix spp.-Pinus cembra.
Two major types: Pal. 42.41 - mountain pine forests of the western outer Alps, the Jura and Pyrenean ubacs, developed on siliceous or decalcified soils of the subalpine level with a predominately ericaceous undergrowth comprising Rhododendron ferrugineum (Rhododendro-Vaccinion p.); Pal. 42.42 - xerocline mountain pine forests of the inner Alps, of the western outer Alps and the Jura, and of Pyrenean adrets, accompanied by a shrubby undergrowth in which Rhododendron ferrugineum is absent or rare (Junipero-Pinion p., Erico-Pinion p.)

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 9430)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Continental - Favourable
Mediterranean - Unfavourable-Bad
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 164 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Arctostaphylos alpinus
Flowering Plants Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Flowering Plants Astrantia minor
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Coronilla vaginalis
Flowering Plants Cotoneaster integerrimus
Flowering Plants Crepis alpestris
Flowering Plants Daphne striata
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Dryas octopetala
Flowering Plants Erica herbacea
Ferns Huperzia selago
Conifers Juniperus hemisphaerica
Conifers Juniperus nana
Ferns Lycopodium annotinum
Conifers Pinus cembra
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Conifers Pinus uncinata
Flowering Plants Polygala chamaebuxus
Flowering Plants Rhamnus saxatilis
Flowering Plants Rhododendron ferrugineum
Flowering Plants Rhododendron hirsutum
Flowering Plants Thesium rostratum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Arctostaphylos alpinus Flowering Plants
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Flowering Plants
Astrantia minor Flowering Plants
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Coronilla vaginalis Flowering Plants
Cotoneaster integerrimus Flowering Plants
Crepis alpestris Flowering Plants
Daphne striata Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Dryas octopetala Flowering Plants
Erica herbacea Flowering Plants
Huperzia selago Ferns
Juniperus hemisphaerica Conifers
Juniperus nana Conifers
Lycopodium annotinum Ferns
Pinus cembra Conifers
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Pinus uncinata Conifers
Polygala chamaebuxus Flowering Plants
Rhamnus saxatilis Flowering Plants
Rhododendron ferrugineum Flowering Plants
Rhododendron hirsutum Flowering Plants
Thesium rostratum Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
AT3304000 Austria Karwendel Map
AT3306000 Austria Afrigal Map
AT3309000 Austria Tiroler Lech Map
AT3410000 Austria Gadental Map
AT3416000 Austria Spirkenwälder Saminatal Map
AT3417000 Austria Spirkenwälder Brandnertal Map
AT3418000 Austria Spirkenwald Oberer Tritt Map
AT3419000 Austria Spirkenwälder Innergamp Map
ES0000015 Spain Sierra y Cañones de Guara Map
ES0000016 Spain Ordesa y Monte Perdido Map
ES0000018 Spain Prepirineu Central català Map
ES0000022 Spain Aigüestortes Map
ES0000067 Spain Sierras de Demanda, Urbión, Cebollera y Cameros Map
ES0000123 Spain Larra-Aztaparreta Map
ES0000130 Spain Sierra de Arrigorrieta y Peña Ezkaurre Map
ES0000137 Spain Los Valles Map
ES0000149 Spain Posets - Maladeta Map
ES0000277 Spain Collarada - Ibón de Ip Map
ES0000278 Spain Viñamala Map
ES0000279 Spain Alto Cinca Map
ES0000280 Spain Cotiella - Sierra Ferrera Map
ES0000281 Spain El Turbón y Sierra de Sís Map
ES0000285 Spain San Juan de La Peña y Peña Oroel Map
ES0000483 Spain Ezkaurre-Arrigorrieta Map
ES2410001 Spain Los Valles - Sur Map
ES2410003 Spain Los Valles Map
ES2410005 Spain Guara Norte Map
ES2410006 Spain Bujaruelo - Garganta de Los Navarros Map
ES2410008 Spain Garganta de Obarra Map
ES2410010 Spain Monte Pacino Map
ES2410011 Spain Cabecera del Río Aguas Limpias Map
ES2410013 Spain Macizo de Cotiella Map
ES2410014 Spain Garcipollera - Selva de Villanúa Map
ES2410019 Spain Río Cinca (Valle de Pineta) Map
ES2410023 Spain Collarada y Canal de Ip Map
ES2410024 Spain Telera - Acumuer Map
ES2410029 Spain Tendeñera Map
ES2410031 Spain Foz Escarrilla - Cucuraza Map
ES2410040 Spain Puertos de Panticosa, Bramatuero y Brazatos Map
ES2410044 Spain Puerto de Otal - Cotefablo Map
ES2410048 Spain Río Ara Map
ES2410050 Spain Cuenca del Río Yesa Map
ES2410051 Spain Cuenca del Río Airés Map
ES2410052 Spain Alto Valle del Cinca Map
ES2410053 Spain Chistau Map
ES2410054 Spain Sierra Ferrera Map
ES2410056 Spain Sierra de Chía - Congosto de Seira Map
ES2410059 Spain El Turbón Map
ES2410061 Spain Sierras de San Juan de La Peña y Peña Oroel Map
ES2420126 Spain Maestrazgo y Sierra de Gúdar Map
ES4170116 Spain Sierras de Urbión y Cebollera Map
ES5110004 Spain Serra de Catllaràs Map
ES5120002 Spain Capçaleres del Ter i del Freser Map
ES5120003 Spain Serra Cavallera Map
ES5120024 Spain Montgrony Map
ES5120026 Spain Tossa Plana de Lles-Puigpedrós Map
ES5130003 Spain Alt Pallars Map
ES5130004 Spain Baish Aran Map
ES5130005 Spain Era Artiga de Lin - Eth Portilhon Map
ES5130010 Spain Serra de Boumort-Collegats Map
ES5130011 Spain Riu de la Llosa Map
FR4301290 France Massif du Mont-d'Or, du Noirmont et du Risol Map
FR7200743 France Massif du Ger et du Lurien Map
FR7200744 France Massif de Sesques et de l'Ossau Map
FR7200746 France Massif de l'Anie et d'Espelunguère Map
FR7200750 France Montagnes de la Haute Soule Map
FR7300822 France Vallée du Riberot et massif du Mont Valier Map
FR7300825 France Mont Ceint, mont Béas, tourbière de Bernadouze Map
FR7300827 France Vallée de l'Aston Map
FR7300831 France Quérigut, Laurenti, Rabassolles, Balbonne, la Bruyante, haute vallée de l'Oriège Map
FR7300880 France Haute vallée d'Oô Map
FR7300881 France Haute vallée de la Pique Map
FR7300883 France Haute vallée de la Garonne Map
FR7300921 France Gabizos (et vallée d'Arrens, versant sud-est du Gabizos) Map
FR7300922 France Gaves de Pau et de Cauterets (et gorge de Cauterets) Map
FR7300924 France Péguère, Barbat, Cambalès Map
FR7300925 France Gaube, Vignemale Map
FR7300926 France Ossoue, Aspé, Cestrède Map
FR7300927 France Estaubé, Gavarnie, Troumouse et Barroude Map
FR7300928 France Pic Long Campbielh Map
FR7300929 France Néouvielle Map
FR7300930 France Barèges, Ayré, Piquette Map
FR7300931 France Lac Bleu Léviste Map
FR7300932 France Liset de Hount Blanque Map
FR7300934 France Rioumajou et Moudang Map
FR7300935 France Haut-Louron : Aygues Tortes, Caillauas, Gourgs Blancs, Gorges de Clarabide, pics des Pichadères et d'Estiouère, montagne de Tramadits Map
FR8201643 France Crêts du Haut-Jura Map
FR8201680 France Landes, pelouses, forêts et prairies humides de Lus-la-Croix-Haute Map
FR8201682 France Rebord méridional du Vercors Map
FR8201700 France Haut Giffre Map
FR8201701 France Les Aravis Map
FR8201703 France Massif de la Tournette Map
FR8201704 France Les Frettes - Massif des Glières Map
FR8201705 France Massif du Bargy Map
FR8201709 France Cornettes de Bise Map
FR8201712 France Le Salève Map
FR8201733 France Cembraie, pelouses, lacs et tourbières de Belledonne, de Chamrousse au Grand Colon Map
FR8201740 France Hauts de Chartreuse Map
FR8201741 France Ubacs du Charmant Som et gorges du Guiers Mort Map
FR8201744 France Hauts plateaux et contreforts du Vercors oriental Map
FR8201745 France Pelouses, forêts remarquables et habitats rocheux du Plateau du Sornin Map
FR8201747 France Massif de l'Obiou et gorges de la Souloise Map
FR8201751 France Massif de la Muzelle Map
FR8201753 France Forêts, landes et prairies de fauche des versants du Col d'Ornon Map
FR8201779 France Formations forestières et herbacées des Alpes internes Map
FR8201782 France Perron des Encombres Map
FR8201783 France Massif de la Vanoise Map
FR8202002 France Partie orientale du Massif des Bauges Map
FR8202004 France Mont Colombier Map
FR9101468 France Bassin du Rebenty Map
FR9101470 France Haute Vallée de l'Aude et Bassin de l'Aiguette Map
FR9101471 France Capcir, Carlit et Campcardos Map
FR9101472 France Massif du Puigmal Map
FR9101473 France Massif de Madres-Coronat Map
FR9101475 France Massif du Canigou Map
FR9102010 France Sites à chiroptères des Pyrénées orientales Map
FR9301498 France Combeynot - Lautaret - Ecrins Map
FR9301499 France Clarée Map
FR9301502 France Steppique Durancien et Queyrassin Map
FR9301503 France Rochebrune - Izoard - Vallée de la Cerveyrette Map
FR9301504 France Haut Guil - Mont Viso - Val Preveyre Map
FR9301505 France Vallon des Bans - Vallée du Fournel Map
FR9301506 France Valgaudemar Map
FR9301511 France Dévoluy - Durbon - Charance - Champsaur Map
FR9301514 France Ceüse - montagne d'Aujour - Pic de Crigne - montagne de Saint-Genis Map
FR9301523 France Bois de Morgon - Forêt de Boscodon - Bragousse Map
FR9301524 France Haute Ubaye - Massif du Chambeyron Map
FR9301525 France Coste Plane - Champerous Map
FR9301526 France La Tour des Sagnes - Vallon des Terres Pleines - Orrenaye Map
FR9301529 France Dormillouse - Lavercq Map
FR9301530 France Cheval Blanc - Montagne de Boules - Barre des Dourbes Map
FR9301535 France Montagne de Val-Haut - Clues de Barles - Clues de Verdaches Map
FR9301547 France Grand Coyer Map
FR9301549 France Entraunes Map
FR9301556 France Massif du Lauvet d'Ilonse et des Quatre Cantons - Dome de Barrot - Gorges du Cians Map
FR9301559 France Le Mercantour Map
FR9301560 France Mont Chajol Map
FR9301580 France Mont Ventoux Map
IT1110006 Italy Orsiera Rocciavré Map
IT1110029 Italy Pian della Mussa (Balme) Map
IT1110031 Italy Valle Thuras Map
IT1110032 Italy Pra - Barant Map
IT1110040 Italy Oasi xerotermica di Oulx - Auberge Map
IT1110043 Italy Pendici del Monte Chaberton Map
IT1110049 Italy Les Arnaud e Punta Quattro Sorelle Map
IT1110080 Italy Val Troncea Map
IT1140018 Italy Alte Valli Anzasca, Antrona e Bognanco Map
IT1160018 Italy Sorgenti del Maira, Bosco di Saretto, Rocca Provenzale Map
IT1160024 Italy Colle e Lago della Maddalena, Val Puriac Map
IT1160057 Italy Alte Valli Pesio e Tanaro Map
IT1160062 Italy Alte Valli Stura e Maira Map
IT1202000 Italy Parco naturale Mont Avic Map
IT1202020 Italy Mont Avic e Mont Emilius Map
IT1204010 Italy Ambienti Glaciali del Monte Bianco Map
IT1204030 Italy Val Ferret Map
IT1205064 Italy Vallone del Grauson Map
IT1205065 Italy Vallone dell'Urtier Map
IT1205100 Italy Ambienti d'alta quota della Vallée de l'Alleigne Map
IT2040001 Italy Val Viera e Cime di Fopel Map
IT2040009 Italy Valle di Fraele Map
IT2040044 Italy Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio Map
IT3110041 Italy Jaggl Map
IT4010003 Italy Monte Nero, Monte Maggiorasca, La Ciapa Liscia Map
IT4020008 Italy Monte Ragola, Lago Moò, Lago Bino Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 G3.32 Xerocline Pinus uncinata forests wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 G3.31 Pinus uncinata forests with Rhododendron ferrugineum wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 G3.3 Pinus uncinata woodland narrower
German Federal List of Biotopes 7002 Schneeheide-Kiefernwald not defined
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