Habitat Annex I Directive hierarchical view > FORESTS > Forests of Temperate Europe > Illyrian oak-hornbeam forests (Erythronio-carpinion)

Illyrian oak-hornbeam forests (Erythronio-carpinion)

Description (English)

Forests of Quercus robur or Quercus petraea, sometimes Quercus cerris, and Carpinus betulus on both calcareous and siliceous bedrocks, mostly on deep neutral to slightly acidic brown forest soils, with mild humus in the SE-Alpine-Dinaric region, West- and Central Balkans extending northwards to Lake Balaton mostly in hilly and submontane regions, river valleys and the plains of the Drava and Sava. The climate is more continental than in sub-Mediterranean regions and warmer than in middle Europe; these forests are intermediate between oak-hornbeam woods (e.g. 9170) of central Europe and those of the Balkans and merge northwards into the Pannonic oak woods (91G0). They have a much higher species richness than the Central European oak woods. Outliers of these forests also occur in Frioul and the northern Apennines.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 91L0)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Unfavourable-Bad
Continental - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Mediterranean - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Pannonian - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 251 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Acer tataricum
Flowering Plants Adoxa moschatellina
Flowering Plants Asperula taurina
Flowering Plants Carpinus betulus
Flowering Plants Castanea sativa
Flowering Plants Cyclamen purpurascens
Flowering Plants Dentaria pentaphyllos
Flowering Plants Dianthus barbatus
Flowering Plants Epimedium alpinum
Flowering Plants Erythronium dens-canis
Flowering Plants Euonymus verrucosus
Flowering Plants Helleborus cyclophyllus
Flowering Plants Knautia drymeia
Flowering Plants Lathyrus venetus
Flowering Plants Lonicera caprifolium
Flowering Plants Luzula forsteri
Flowering Plants Potentilla micrantha
Flowering Plants Primula vulgaris
Flowering Plants Pseudostellaria europaea
Flowering Plants Quercus cerris
Flowering Plants Quercus petraea
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Ruscus aculeatus
Flowering Plants Tamus communis
Flowering Plants Tilia tomentosa
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Acer tataricum Flowering Plants
Adoxa moschatellina Flowering Plants
Asperula taurina Flowering Plants
Carpinus betulus Flowering Plants
Castanea sativa Flowering Plants
Cyclamen purpurascens Flowering Plants
Dentaria pentaphyllos Flowering Plants
Dianthus barbatus Flowering Plants
Epimedium alpinum Flowering Plants
Erythronium dens-canis Flowering Plants
Euonymus verrucosus Flowering Plants
Helleborus cyclophyllus Flowering Plants
Knautia drymeia Flowering Plants
Lathyrus venetus Flowering Plants
Lonicera caprifolium Flowering Plants
Luzula forsteri Flowering Plants
Potentilla micrantha Flowering Plants
Primula vulgaris Flowering Plants
Pseudostellaria europaea Flowering Plants
Quercus cerris Flowering Plants
Quercus petraea Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Ruscus aculeatus Flowering Plants
Tamus communis Flowering Plants
Tilia tomentosa Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
AT1114813 Austria Südburgenländisches Hügel- und Terrassenland Map
AT2112000 Austria Villacher Alpe (Dobratsch) Map
AT2120000 Austria Schütt - Graschelitzen Map
AT2130000 Austria Lendspitz-Maiernigg Map
AT2150000 Austria Leonstein Map
AT2246000 Austria Wildoner Buchkogel Map
HR2000371 Croatia Vršni dio Ivančice Map
HR2000580 Croatia Papuk Map
HR2000583 Croatia Medvednica Map
HR2000586 Croatia Žumberak Samoborsko gorje Map
HR2000592 Croatia Ogulinsko-plaščansko područje Map
HR2000623 Croatia Šume na Dilj gori Map
HR2000632 Croatia Krbavsko polje Map
HR2001115 Croatia Strahinjčica Map
HR2001281 Croatia Bilogora Map
HR2001339 Croatia Područje oko Jopića špilje Map
HR2001346 Croatia Međimurje Map
HR2001354 Croatia Područje oko jezera Borovik Map
HR2001356 Croatia Zrinska gora Map
HR5000020 Croatia Nacionalni park Plitvička jezera Map
HR5000022 Croatia Park prirode Velebit Map
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HUDD20015 Hungary Kisbajomi erdők Map
HUDD20016 Hungary Észak-zselici erdőségek Map
HUDD20017 Hungary Mocsoládi-erdő Map
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HUDD20068 Hungary Gyékényesi erdők Map
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Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 G1.A1A Illyrian Quercus - Carpinus betulus forests same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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