Habitat Annex I Directive hierarchical view > Rhodopide and Balkan Range Scots pine forests

Rhodopide and Balkan Range Scots pine forests

Description (English)

Forests dominated by Pinus sylvestris mainly on the southern slopes of the mountains of Rhodope, Rila, Pirin, Ossogovo and Balkan Range (North Central and Northeast Greek mountains to Pieria), on both relatively dry siliceous and calcareous soils.
Pinus sylvestris communities are usually monodominant but accompaning species can include Pinus nigra ssp. palassiana, Picea abies, Fagus sylvatica and Betula pendula. Shrubs and small shrubs are represented by Juniperus communis, Chamaecytisus absinthioides, Vaccinium vitis-idaea and Vaccinium myrtillus.
In the herb layer characteristic species include Calamagrostis arundinacea, Brachypodium pinnatum, Sesleria latifolia, Luzula sylvatica and Pteridium aquilinum.
Sub-types:
42.5C2 Rhodopide Scots pine forests
42.5C3 Balkan Range Scots pine forests

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 91CA)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Continental - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 30 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Betula pendula
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis arundinacea
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Conifers Juniperus communis
Flowering Plants Luzula sylvatica
Conifers Picea abies
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Sesleria latifolia
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula pendula Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis arundinacea Flowering Plants
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis Conifers
Luzula sylvatica Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Sesleria latifolia Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BG0000166 Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan Map
BG0000209 Bulgaria Pirin Map
BG0000224 Bulgaria Ograzhden - Maleshevo Map
BG0000294 Bulgaria Karshalevo Map
BG0000366 Bulgaria Kresna - Ilindentsi Map
BG0000372 Bulgaria Tsigansko gradishte Map
BG0000494 Bulgaria Tsentralen Balkan Map
BG0000495 Bulgaria Rila Map
BG0000496 Bulgaria Rilski manastir Map
BG0000626 Bulgaria Krushe Map
BG0001011 Bulgaria Osogovska planina Map
BG0001021 Bulgaria Reka Mesta Map
BG0001022 Bulgaria Oranovski prolom - Leshko Map
BG0001028 Bulgaria Sreden Pirin - Alibotush Map
BG0001030 Bulgaria Rodopi - Zapadni Map
BG0001031 Bulgaria Rodopi - Sredni Map
BG0001040 Bulgaria Zapadna Stara planina i Predbalkan Map
BG0001307 Bulgaria Plana Map
BG0001386 Bulgaria Yadenitsa Map
BG0001389 Bulgaria Sredna gora Map
BG0001493 Bulgaria Tsentralen Balkan - bufer Map
GR1120003 Greece OROS CHAINTOU - KOULA KAI GYRO KORYFES Map
GR1140001 Greece DASOS FRAKTOU Map
GR1140002 Greece RODOPI (SIMYDA) Map
GR1140003 Greece PERIOCHI ELATIA, PYRAMIS KOUTRA Map
GR1210001 Greece OROS VERMIO Map
GR1240001 Greece KORYFES OROUS VORA Map
GR1250002 Greece PIERIA ORI Map
GR1260005 Greece KORYFES OROUS ORVILOS Map
GR1260007 Greece ORI VRONTOUS - LAILIAS – ERIMIKES SPILAIA ZESTA NERA KAI KATARRAKTON Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 G3.4C3 Balkan Range Scots pine forests wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 G3.4C2 Rhodopide Scots pine forests wider

Other resources

European Environment Agency (EEA)
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