Habitat Annex I Directive hierarchical view > High oro-Mediterranean pine forests

High oro-Mediterranean pine forests

Description (English)

Balkan endemic forests of Pinus heldreichii or Pinus peuce, restricted to the southern Balkans, Northern Greece and Southern Italy. Accompaning species are Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris, Pinus mugo with understory including Juniperus sibirica, Vaccinium myrtillus, Calamagrostis arundinacea, Brachypodium pinnatum, Luzula luzuloides, Luzula sylvatica, Geranium macrorhizum.
Subtypes :
42.71 White-barked pine forests
Local treeline formations of Pinus heldreichii restricted to the southern Balkans, northern Greece and southern Italy, usually open and with an undergrowth formed by stripped grasslands on dry, often stony or rocky soils.
42.72 Macedonian pine woods
Pinus peuce formations (Pinion peucis), restricted to the subalpine zone of the high mountains of the Balkan peninsula south to extreme northern Greece (Voras, Varnous, Rhodope).

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 95A0)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Mediterranean - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 34 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis arundinacea
Flowering Plants Festuca penzesii
Conifers Juniperus sibirica
Flowering Plants Luzula luzuloides
Flowering Plants Luzula sylvatica
Flowering Plants Orthilia secunda
Conifers Picea abies
Conifers Pinus heldreichii
Conifers Pinus mugo
Conifers Pinus peuce
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis arundinacea Flowering Plants
Festuca penzesii Flowering Plants
Juniperus sibirica Conifers
Luzula luzuloides Flowering Plants
Luzula sylvatica Flowering Plants
Orthilia secunda Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Pinus heldreichii Conifers
Pinus mugo Conifers
Pinus peuce Conifers
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BG0000209 Bulgaria Pirin Map
BG0000366 Bulgaria Kresna - Ilindentsi Map
BG0000494 Bulgaria Tsentralen Balkan Map
BG0000495 Bulgaria Rila Map
BG0000496 Bulgaria Rilski manastir Map
BG0001021 Bulgaria Reka Mesta Map
BG0001028 Bulgaria Sreden Pirin - Alibotush Map
BG0001030 Bulgaria Rodopi - Zapadni Map
BG0001493 Bulgaria Tsentralen Balkan - bufer Map
GR1210001 Greece OROS VERMIO Map
GR1240001 Greece KORYFES OROUS VORA Map
GR1250001 Greece OROS OLYMPOS Map
GR1260005 Greece KORYFES OROUS ORVILOS Map
GR1310003 Greece ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PINDOU (VALIA KALNTA) - EVRΥTERI PERIOCHI Map
GR2130001 Greece ETHNIKOS DRYMOS VIKOU - AOOU Map
GR2130002 Greece KORYFES OROUS SMOLIKAS Map
GR2130004 Greece KENTRIKO TMIMA ZAGORIOU Map
GR2130006 Greece PERIOCHI METSOVOU (ANILIO - KATARA) Map
IT9210075 Italy Lago Duglia, Casino Toscano e Piana di S.Francesco Map
IT9210125 Italy Timpa dell'Orso-Serra del Prete Map
IT9210130 Italy Bosco di Chiaromonte-Piano Iannace Map
IT9210165 Italy Monte Alpi - Malboschetto di Latronico Map
IT9210175 Italy Valle Nera-Serra di Lagoforano Map
IT9210185 Italy Monte La Spina, Monte Zaccana Map
IT9210245 Italy Serra di Crispo, Grande Porta del Pollino e Pietra Castello Map
IT9310001 Italy Timpone della Capanna Map
IT9310002 Italy Serra del Prete Map
IT9310003 Italy Pollinello-Dolcedorme Map
IT9310004 Italy Rupi del Monte Pollino Map
IT9310007 Italy Valle Piana-Valle Cupa Map
IT9310023 Italy Valle del Fiume Argentino Map
IT9310029 Italy La Montea Map
IT9310030 Italy Monte La Caccia Map
IT9310303 Italy Pollino e Orsomarso Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 G3.6 Subalpine mediterranean Pinus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 G3.62 Pinus peuce woods wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 G3.61 Pinus leucodermis forests wider

Other resources

European Environment Agency (EEA)
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1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
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