EUNIS habitat classification 2012 > G - Woodland, forest and other wooded land > G3 - Coniferous woodland > G3.1 - Abies and Picea woodland > G3.1B - Alpine and Carpathian subalpine Picea forests

Alpine and Carpathian subalpine Picea forests

English name: Alpine and Carpathian subalpine spruce forests

Description (English)

Picea abies forests of the lower subalpine level, and of anomalous stations in the montane level, of the outer, intermediate and inner Alps; in the latter, they are often in continuity with the montane spruce forests of unit G3.1C. The spruces, often stunted or columnar, are accompanied by an undergrowth of decidedly subalpine affinities. Picea abies forests of the lower subalpine level of the Carpathians.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code G3.1B
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 42.21 Alpine and Carpathian subalpine spruce forests source
CORINE Land Cover 3.1.2. Coniferous forest n/a
BEAR Forest Types for Biodiversity Assessment 08 Mixed spruce and fir forest wider
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 6.6.2 Pessière same
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 2117600 Vysokobylinné smrekové lesy n/a
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 2117300 Smrekové lesy cucoriedkové n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.1B Alpine and Carpathian subalpine Picea forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.1B Alpine and Carpathian sub-alpine Picea forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.1B Alpine and Carpathian sub-alpine Picea forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.1B Alpine and Carpathian sub-alpine Picea forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.1B Alpine and Carpathian sub-alpine Picea forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.21 Alpine and Carpathian sub-alpine spruce forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.21 Alpine and Carpathian subalpine spruce forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.21 Alpine and Carpathian sub-alpine spruce forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.21   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.21   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.21   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.21   same
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