Heavy-metal grassland

English name: Heavy-metal grassland

Description (English)

Dry, short grasslands, often rich in lichens and mosses, colonizing western and central European soils with a high content in heavy metals such as zinc and lead, and comprising uniquely adapted species, ecotypes or populations mostly related to, or derived from, otherwise montane, boreomontane or steppic species; heavy metal grasslands of distinctly alpine affinities, though spanning an altitudinal range that extends from the montane level and lowland dealpine stations to the subalpine and alpine levels, are included. Vegetation of alliance Violetalia calaminariae.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E1.B
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Thlaspion rotundifolii Jenny-Lips 1930 Alpine and subalpine vegetation of calcareous scree communities of Alps Galio anisophylli-Minuartion vernae Ernst 1965; Thlaspion rotundifolii Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et Jenny 1926; Trisetion distichophylli Gams 1936 Schaminee et al, 2012
Ptilostemo casabonae-Euphorbion cupanii Angiolini et al. 2005 Vegetation of ancient toxic mining dumps of Sardinia Schaminee et al, 2012
Aethionemion saxatilis Bergmeier et al. 2009 Thermophilous communities of calcareous and metalliferous rock outcrops of northern Hellas Schaminee et al, 2012
Thlaspion calaminarii Ernst 1965 Swards of heavy-metal tolerant vegetation on mining spoil heaps of northwestern Europe Schaminee et al, 2012
Armerion halleri Ernst 1965 Swards of heavy-metal tolerant vegetation on mining spoil heaps of north-central Europe Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 34.2 Heavy metal grasslands same
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
Biodiversity Broad Habitat Classification (UK) 16 Inland rock wider
National Vegetation Classification (UK) OV37 Festuca ovina-Minuartia verna community narrower
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.B Heavy-metal grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.B Heavy-metal grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.B Heavy-metal grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.B Heavy-metal grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.B Lowland heavy-metal grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.4 Lowland heavy-metal grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.2 Heavy metal grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.2 Heavy metal grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.2   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.2   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.2   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.2   same
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