EUNIS habitat classification 2012 > E - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > E1 - Dry grasslands > E1.2 - Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes

Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes

English name: Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes

Description (English)

Perennial grasslands, often nutrient-poor and species-rich, on calcareous and other basic soils of the nemoral and steppe zones and of adjacent parts of the subboreal and submediterranean zones. Includes the calcareous grasslands of central and western Europe, alvar grasslands of the Baltic region, and basic grasslands of the steppe zone. Vegetation communities of Festuco-Brometea.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E1.2
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Centaurion sumensis Golub et Uzhametskaya 1992 Continental relict rocky steppes of Middle Volga valley Schaminee et al, 2012
Stipion korshinskyi Toman 1969 Continental temperate xeric steppe of semi-desert zone of northwestern Kazakhstan and neighbouring regions of Russia Schaminee et al, 2012
Veronico multifidae-Stipion ponticae Didukh 1983 nom. inval. Crimean steppe grasslands and dwarf-scrub northern piedmonts, southeast and central regions of Crimean Mts. Schaminee et al, 2012
Pimpinello-Thymion zygoidi Dihoru et Donita 1970 Rocky steppic dwarf-shrub rich grasslands of Dobrogea and northeastern Bulgaria Schaminee et al, 2012
Filipendulo vulgaris-Helictotrichion pratensis Dengler et Löbel in Dengler et al. 2003 Meso-xerophilous basiphilous grasslands of southern Baltic alvars and related habitats of northwestern Russia, Denmark and northern Germany Anthyllido-Artemision campestris Sunding in Marker 1969; Helianthemo-Globularion Br.-Bl. 1963 nom. dubium p.p. Schaminee et al, 2012
Artemisio albae-Dichanthion ischaemi X. Font ex Rivas-Mart. et M.L. López in Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002 Meso-supratemperate acidophilous steppic grasslands of piedmonts and intramontane valleys of Pyrenees Artemisio albae-Dichanthion ischaemi X. Font in Rivas-Mart. et al. 2001; Xerobromion acidophile X. Font 1989; Xerobromion thermofile X. Font 1989 Schaminee et al, 2012
Agropyrion pectinati Golub et Uzhametskaya 1991 Subhaline steppe grasslands of Middle Volga region in steppe zone Schaminee et al, 2012
Polygalo mediterraneae-Bromion erecti (Biondi et al. 2005) Di Pietro et al. 2013 Dry grasslands on deep soils over siliceous bedrocks in colline to submontane and lower montane belts of Apennines Schaminee et al, 2012
Bromion erecti Koch 1926 Meso-xerophytic basiphilous grasslands in sub-oceanic regions of Western and Central Europe Bromion erecti Br.-Bl. 1931; Bromion erecti Br.-Bl. 1936; Mesobromion (Br.-Bl. et Moor 1938) Zoller 1954; Mesobromion Oberd. 1949; Meso-Festucion Oberd. 1941; Meso-Festucion Oberd. in Krausch 1962; Seslerio-Mesobromion (Oberd. 1957) Theurillat in Theurillat et Beguin 1985 Schaminee et al, 2012
Bassio-Artemision austriacae Solomeshch in Mirkin et al. 1986 Disturbed semi-ruderal steppic grasslands in steppe zone of Ukraine and southeastern Russia Helictotricho-Ceratocarpion arenarii Saitov 1989 Schaminee et al, 2012
Carici humilis-Androsacion tauricae Didukh 1983 nom. inval. Crimean rocky meadow steppes of higher altitudes of eastern Crimean Mts. Schaminee et al, 2012
Gentianello amarellae-Helictotrichion pratensis Royer ex Dengler in Mucina et al. 2009 Meso-xerophilous basiphilous grasslands of northwestern Europe Gentianello amarellae-Avenulion pratensis Royer 1991; Gentiano amarellae-Avenulion pratensis Royer ex Julve 1993 Schaminee et al, 2012
Tanaceto achilleifolii-Stipion lessingianae Royer ex Lysenko et Mucina 2013 Continental temperate grassl-steppes of dry steppe zone of Volga and Ural River basins Tanaceto achilleifolii-Artemision santonicae Demina 2011; Tanaceto achilleifolii-Stipion lessingianae Royer 1991 Schaminee et al, 2012
Potentillo splendentis-Brachypodion pinnati Br.-Bl. 1967 Meso-xerophilous neutro-basiphilous supratemperate grasslands of submediterranean northern Spain and Pyrenees Bromo erecti-Teucrion pyrenaici Rivas-Mart. et Costa 1998; Diantho monspessulani-Teucrion pyrenaici Julve 1993; Onobrychidion hispanicae Royer 1991; Potentillo montanae-Brachypodion rupestris Br.-Bl. 1967 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 2001; Potentillo montanae-Brachypodion rupestris Br.-Bl. 1967 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002; Bromo erecti-Teucrion pyrenaici Rivas-Mart., Fernández-González et Loidi in Loidi, Biurrun et Herrera 1997; Centaureo nemoralis-Brachypodion pinnati (Br.-Bl. 1967) Géhu et Costa 1974; Festuco-Brachypodion pinnati Nègre 1969; Teucrio pyrenaici-Bromion erecti Rivas-Mart., Fernández-González et Loidi 1999; Diantho monspessulani-Teucrion pyrenaici Julve in Rameau et al. 1993 Schaminee et al, 2012
Artemisio tauricae-Festucion Korzhenevsky et Klyukin 1991 Subsaline steppe grasslands on ancient mud-volcanic clay sub-saline deposits of Kerch Peninsula Schaminee et al, 2012
Stipion lessingianae Soó 1947 Xeric feather grass and fescue stepeps on deep soils in Transsylvania, Moldova and southwestern Ukraine Ceratocarpo-Euphorbion stepposae Mititelu 1970; Jurineo arachnoideae-Euphorbion stepposae (Dobrescu 1971) Coldea et Sarbu in Coldea 2012 Schaminee et al, 2012
Cirsio-Brachypodion pinnati Hadac et Klika in Klika et Hadac ex Klika 1951 Meso-xerophytic basiphilous grasslands in sub-continental regions of Central and southeastern Europe Cirsio-Brachypodion pinnati Hadac et Klika in Klika et Hadac 1944; Danthonio-Brachypodion Boscaiu 1970; Thymo comosi-Festucion sulcatae Pop 1968; Danthonio-Festucion sulcatae Csurös et al. 1961; Danthonio-Stipion stenophyllae Soó 1947; Danthonio-Stipion stenophyllae Soó 1949; Danthonio-Stipion tirsae Soó 1949 corr. 1971; Festucion sulcatae Soó 1929; Festucion sulcatae Soó 1938; Carici humilis-Bromion erecti Redžic 1991; Carici humilis-Bromion erecti Redžic 1999; Cirsio acauli-Bromion erecti Redžic 1991; Cirsio acauli-Bromion erecti Redžic 1999; Danthonio-Stipion stenophyllae Ghisa 1947; Thymo comosi-Festucion rupicolae Pop 1968 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Caricion stenophyllae Golub et Saveleva 1991 Subhaline steppe grasslands around limans of Lower Volga region in semi-desert zone Schaminee et al, 2012
Artemisio-Kochion Soó 1964 Relict tardigragal xerophytic relict loess steppes of Pannonian region Agropyro-Kochion Soó 1959 Schaminee et al, 2012
Festucion sulcatae Soó 1930 Subcontinental fescue steppic grasslands of Central Europe, Dobrogea and Ukraine Astragalo-Stipion Knapp 1944; Caricion humilis-albae Gams 1936; Eu-Festucion valesiacae Br.-Bl. et Tx. 1943; Festucion valesiacae Klika 1931; Festucion valesiacae-sulcatae Eggler 1952; Festuco-Stipion capillatae Krausch 1959; Verbasco austriaci-Achilleion nobilis Smetana et Derbolyuk 1999; Festucion rupicolae Soó 1940 nom. mut. propos.; Festuco-Stipion capillatae (Klika 1931) Krausch 1962 Schaminee et al, 2012
Chrysopogono-Danthonion Kojic 1957 Dry grasslands on deep soils over siliceous bedrocks in colline to submontane belts of south-central Balkans Schaminee et al, 2012
Artemisio marschalliani-Elytrigion intermedii Korotchenko et Didukh 1997 Disturbed semi-ruderal steppic grasslands in forest-steppe zone of Ukraine Schaminee et al, 2012
Diplachnion serotinae Br.-Bl. 1961 Warm-tenperate acidophilous steppic grasslands of precipitation-rich insubrian summer-rainfall climate on southern rims of Alps Schaminee et al, 2012
Stipo-Poion xerophilae Br.-Bl. et Tx. ex Br.-Bl. 1949 Steppic basiphilous fescue and feather grasslands of deep intramontane valleys of Alps Astragalo-Poion concinnae Br.-Bl. et Tx. 1943; Poo-Festucion vallesiacae Knapp 1942; Stipo-Poion carniolicae Br.-Bl. 1961; Stipo-Poion molineri Br.-Bl. et Tx. ex Br.-Bl. 1949 nom. mut. propos.; Stipo-Poion perconcinnae Br.-Bl. 1961 corr. Julve 1993; Stipo-Poion xerophilae Br.-Bl. et Tx. 1943 Schaminee et al, 2012
Adonido vernalis-Stipion tirsae Didukh 1983 nom. inval. Crimean steppe grasslands and dwarf-scrub at low altitudes of eastern Crimean Mts. Schaminee et al, 2012
Helictotricho desertori-Stipion rubentis Toman 1969 Continental subxeric steppes of northern Kazakhstan and South Urals region Galio-Onosmion simplicissimae Saitov 1989; Lathyro pallescentis-Helictotrichion schelliani Solomeshch et al. 1994; Orostachyion spinosae Saitov 1989; Scorzonero austriacae-Koelerion sclerophyllae Solomeshch et al. 1994; Aconopogonion alpini Yamalov et Mirkin 2010; Aconopogonion alpini Yamalov et Zhirnova in Yamalov et al. 2012 Schaminee et al, 2012
Brachypodion phoenicoidis Br.-Bl. ex Molinier 1934 Submediterranean steppic neutro-basiphikous grasslands on deep mesic soils of Ligurian and Tyrrhenian seaboards Brachypodion phoenicoidis Br.-Bl. 1931 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 34.9 Continental steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 34.3 Dense perennial grasslands and middle European steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 34.A Sand steppes narrower
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B32 Calcareous grassland: semi-improved not defined
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B31 Calcareous grassland: unimproved not defined
Biodiversity Broad Habitat Classification (UK) 7 Calcareous grassland wider
Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Habitats (UK) 12 Lowland calcareous grassland overlap
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 4.2 Pelouses sèches thermophiles same
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 3440000 Xerotermné travobylinné biotopy na spraši n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.11 Perennial calcareous grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.3 Dense perennial grasslands and middle European steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.A Sand steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.9 Continental steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.9 Continental steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.3 Dense perennial grasslands and middle European steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.A Sand steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.3   narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.3   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.3   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.3   narrower
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100