Mediterranean xeric grassland

English name: Mediterranean xeric grassland

Description (English)

Meso- and thermo-Mediterranean xerophile, mostly open, short-grass perennial grasslands rich in therophytes; therophyte communities of oligotrophic soils on base-rich, often calcareous substrates e.g. vegetation of the class Thero-Brachypodietea.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E1.3
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Trifolio subterranei-Periballion minutae Rivas Goday 1964 Central and western Iberian thermo- to oromediterranean and supratemperate heavily grazed seasonal perennial pastures on acidic substrates Poo-Trifolion subterranei Rivas Goday et Ladero 1970; Molineriello minutae-Trifolion subterranei Rivas Goday 1964 nom. invers.propos et nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Vulpio ciliatae-Crepidion neglectae Poldini 1989 Therophyte swards of disturbed habitats rich in calcareous rubble in Central Mediterranean Schaminee et al, 2012
Reichardio maritimae-Dactylidion hispanicae Biondi et al. 2001 Thermomediterranean subhalophilous perennial grasslands in wind-swept habitats along Tyrrhenian, Ionian and Aegean coasts Schaminee et al, 2012
Onobrychido-Ptilostemion stellati S. Brullo et al. 2001 Calabro-Sicilian thermo-xerophilous ephemeral swards Schaminee et al, 2012
Deschampsio maderensis-Parafestucion albidae Capelo et al. 2000 Madeirean silicicolous perennial grasslands of supra-temperate hyperhumid regions on shallow andosols on rocky outcrops of Madeira Schaminee et al, 2012
Diantho humilis-Velezion rigidae Korzhenevsky et Klyukin ex Mucina in Mucina et al. 2013 Ephemeral therophyte pastures calcareous substartes of montane regions of Crimea Diantho humilis-Velezion rigidae Korzhenevsky et Klyukin 1990 Schaminee et al, 2012
Stipion parviflorae De la Torre et al. 1996 Ibero-Levantine thermo- to supramediterranean sub-nitrophilous pseudosteppes on shallow calcareous soils Schaminee et al, 2012
Stipion retortae Br.-Bl. et O. de Bolòs ex O. de Bolòs 1957 Western Mediterranean ephemeral pastures on semi-arid chalk-loam soils Stipion retortae Br.-Bl. et O. de Bolòs 1954; Stipion retortae Br.-Bl. et O. de Bolòs ex Izco 1974; Stipion capensis Br.-Bl. et O. de Bolòs ex O. de Bolòs 1957 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Asterisco-Velezion rigidae (Rivas Goday 1964) S. Brullo 1985 Iberian continental subhalophilous therophyte swards Schaminee et al, 2012
Agrostion castellanae Rivas Goday ex Rivas-Mart. et al. 1980 Ibero-Atlantic thermo-supramediterranean acidophilous perennial grasslands on sandy-loamy soils Agrostion castellanae Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1963; Agrostion castellanae-tenuis Rivas Goday 1958; Agrostion truncatulae de Foucault 1999 Schaminee et al, 2012
Triseto velutini-Brachypodion boissieri Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002 Perennial grasslands on dolomitic and ultramafic soils in thermo- to supramediterranean belts of southern Spain Triseto velutini-Brachypodion boissieri Rivas-Mart. et al. 2001 Schaminee et al, 2012
Romulion Oberd. 1954 Hellenic seasonal perennial pastures on acidic substrates Romulion graecae Oberd.1954 corr. de Bolós et al. 1986 Schaminee et al, 2012
Scorzonero creticae-Lygeion sparti S. Brullo et al. 2002 Cretan thermomediterranean relict edaphic steppes on clayey soils Schaminee et al, 2012
Brachypodion distachyi Rivas-Mart. 1978 Ephemeral therophyte communities and pastures on base-rich soils of Western Mediterranean Sideritidi romamae-Hypochoeridion achyrophori de Foucault 1999; Trachynion distachyae Rivas-Mart. 1978 nom. mut. Schaminee et al, 2012
Moricandio-Lygeion sparti S. Brullo et al. 1990 Southern Italian-Ionian thermo- and mesomediterranean relict edaphic steppes on clayey soils Polygonion tenoreani S. Brullo et al. 1990 Schaminee et al, 2012
Stipion tenacissimae Rivas-Mart. 1984 Southern Iberian thermomediterranean relict edaphic steppes on deep loamy-clayey soils Stipion tenacissimae Rivas-Mart. 1978 Schaminee et al, 2012
Hypochoeridion achyrophori Biondi et Guerra 2008 Ephemeral therophyte communities and pastures on base-rich soils of Central Mediterranean Schaminee et al, 2012
Festucion scariosae Martínez-Parras et al. 1984 Betic upper meso-supramediterranean semiarid pseudosteppes on deep calcareous soils Schaminee et al, 2012
Omphalodion commutatae Rivas-Mart. et al. ex Izco 1976 corr. Pérez Raya et al. 1991 Baetic ephemeral communities and pastures on magnesitic soils Omphalodion brassicaefoliae Rivas-Mart. et al. 1973; Omphalodion brassicifoliae Rivas-Mart. et al. ex Izco 1976; Omphalodion linifoliae Rivas-Mart. et al. 1973 corr. G. López 1980 Schaminee et al, 2012
Xeranthemion annui Oberd. 1954 Annual-rich vegetation of abandoned fields in Macedonia Schaminee et al, 2012
Poo bulbosae-Astragalion sesamei Rivas Goday et Ladero 1970 Central and eastern Iberian heavily grazed seasonal perennial pastures on calcareous substrates Astragalo sesamei-Poion bulbosae Rivas Goday et Ladero 1970 nom. invers. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Vulpion ligusticae Aubert et Loisel 1971 Ephemeral communities on base-rich soils of Tyrrhenian region Schaminee et al, 2012
Plantagini-Catapodion marini S. Brullo 1985 Tyrrhenian subhalophilous thermo-xerophilous ephemeral swards Schaminee et al, 2012
Plantaginion cupanii S. Brullo et Grillo 1978 Siculo-Calabrian supramediterranean mesic perennial pastures on calcareous substrates Schaminee et al, 2012
Dauco-Catananchion luteae S. Brullo 1985 Siculo-Calabrian subhalophilous therophyte swards on loamy-clay soils Schaminee et al, 2012
Festucion merinoi Rivas-Mart. et Sánchez-Mata in Rivas-Mart. et al. 1986 corr. Rivas-Mart. et Sánchez-Mata in Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002 Western Iberian-Cantabrian supramediterranean subhumid-humid acidophilous pastures on humic brown soils Festucion elegantis Rivas-Mart. et Sánchez-Mata in Rivas-Mart. et al. 1986 Schaminee et al, 2012
Thero-Brachypodion retusi Br.-Bl. 1925 Western Mediterranean thermo- to supramediterranean semi-arid pseudosteppes on calcareous substrates Asphodelo aestivi-Brachypodion retusi de Foucault 1999; Bupleuro baldensis-Brachypodion distachyi (Br.-Bl. 1925) de Foucault 1999; Phlomidi lychnitis-Brachypodion retusi Mateo 1983; Teucrio pseudochamaepitys-Brachypodion retusi Rivas-Mart. In Rivas-Mart. et al. 2011; Thero-Brachypodion Br.-Bl. 1931; Thero-Brachypodion ramosi Br.-Bl. 1925 nom. mut. propos.; Scabioso turolensis-Brachypodion retusi Rossellò 1994 Schaminee et al, 2012
Sedo-Ctenopsion gypsophilae Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. ex Izco 1974 Iberian ephemeral communities and pastures on gypsum substrates Schaminee et al, 2012
Agropyro pectinati-Lygeion sparti Br.-Bl. et O. de Bolòs 1958 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 1999 Central Iberian relict edaphic steppes on clayey soils Eremopyro cristati-Lygeion sparti Br.-Bl. et O. de Bolòs 1958 Schaminee et al, 2012
Cymbopogono hirti-Brachypodion ramosi Horvatic 1963 Pseudosteppes on calcareous and sandy soils in eastern Mediterranean and coastal areas of Balkan Peninsula Alyssion muralis Konstantinou 1992; Alyssion muralis Konstantinou et Babalonas 1996; Cymbopogono hirti-Brachypodion ramosi Horvatic 1958; Cymbopogono-Brachypodion ramosi Horvatic 1957; Hyparrhenio-Brachypodion ramosi Horvatic 1963 nom. mut. propos.; Alyssion muralis Konstantinou in Carni et al. 2000 Schaminee et al, 2012
Leontodono tuberosi-Bellion sylvestris Biondi et al. 2001 Thermo-mesomediterranean secondary pseudosteppes on deep calcareous soils of Central and Eastern Mediterranean Schaminee et al, 2012
Plantaginion serrariae Galán de Mera et al. 2000 Southern Iberian and Magrebian thermo-mesomediterranean basiphilous seasonal perennial pastures on clayey soils Schaminee et al, 2012
Hyparrhenion hirtae Br.-Bl. et al. 1956 Cirsum-mediterranean tall tussock thermophilous pseudosteppes of subtropical affinity Aristido coerulescentis-Hyparrhenion hirtae S. Brullo et al. 1997; Avenulo cincinnatae-Ampelodesmion mauritanici Minissale 1995; Hyparrhenion sinaicae Br.-Bl. et al. 1956 corr. J.C. Costa et al. 2001; Dauco criniti-Hyparrhenion hirtae (Br.-Bl. et al. 1956) O. de Bolòs 1962; Micromerio graecae-Hyparrhenion hirtae O. de Bolòs 1962; Micromerio graecae-Hyparrhenion podotrichae O. de Bolòs 1962 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 1992; Saturejo-Hyparrhenion hirtae O. de Bolòs 1962; Panico repentis-Hyparrhenion hirtae S. Brullo et Siracusa 2000 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 34.5 Mediterranean xeric grasslands same
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.13 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.5 Mediterranean xeric grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.5 Mediterranean xeric grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.5   same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100