Mediterranean-montane grassland

English name: Mediterranean-montane grassland

Description (English)

Open perennial grasslands, often rich in chamaephytes, most characteristic of the thermophilous oak level of Iberia, southern France, southern Italy, Greece and the Balkans. Some of the largest remaining expanses of unbroken grasslands in Europe, of evident importance as faunal habitats, belong to this division. Maintained by extensive grazing and mowing.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E1.5
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Teesdaliopsio confertae-Luzulion caespitosae Rivas-Mart. 1987 Oro-cryomediterranean xerophilous silicicolous grasslands of Northern Iberian mountains Schaminee et al, 2012
Ononidion striatae Br.-Bl. et Susplugas 1937 Supratemperate submediterranean dry calcareous grasslands of Western Pyrenees and catalano-valencian region Schaminee et al, 2012
Plantaginion insularis Klein 1972 Cyrno-Sardean oromediterranean grasslands in snow-carrying depressions Plantaginion insularis Gamisans 1968; Sedo-Phleion brachystachyi Gamisans 1975 Schaminee et al, 2012
Festucion scopariae Br.-Bl. 1948 Upper supratemperate and lower orotemperate calcareous dry pastures of Central and Eastern Pyrenees Festucion gautieri Br.-Bl. 1948 nom. mut. propos.; Saponarion caespitosae P. Montserrat et Villar 1987 Schaminee et al, 2012
Festucion burnatii Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. ex Mayor et al. 1973 Cantabrian supra-orotemperate grasslands on calcareous lithosols Schaminee et al, 2012
Jasionion carpetanae González-Albo 1941 Oro-cryomediterranean xerophilous silicicolous fescue grasslands of mountains of central Iberia Minuartio bigerrensis-Festucion curvifoliae Rivas-Mart. 1964 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 2011; Minuartio juresii-Festucion aragonensis Rivas-Mart. 1964 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 1990; Minuartio juresii-Festucion indigestae Rivas-Mart. 1964; Minuartio juresii-Festucion indigestae Rivas-Mart. In Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1963; Minuartio juresii-Festucion curvifoliae Rivas-Mart. 1964 corr. Rivas-Mart., Fernández-González et Loidi 1999 Schaminee et al, 2012
Plantagini discoloris-Thymion mastigophori Molina et Izco 1989 Castillian-Cantabrian supramediterranean low scrub on calcareous soils Festuco hystricis-Thymion mastigophori Izo et Molina in Molina 1984; Helianthemo cani-Thymion mastigophori Loidi et Fernandez Prieto 1987 Schaminee et al, 2012
Genistion lobelii Molinier 1934 Meso-supramediterranean submediterranean calcicolous dry grasslands and low scrub of Provence, Cevennes and catalano-valencian region Genistion lobelii-villarsii-pulchellae Lavagne et Rebuffel 1998; Globularion cordifoliae Guinochet 1938; Potentillion velutinae Barbero et al. 1972; Seslerion mediterraneo-montanum Vanden Berghen 1963; Seslerion elegantissimae Quézel 1971; Globularion cordifoliae Allier et Ritter 1971 Schaminee et al, 2012
Avenion sempervirentis Barbero 1968 Supramediterranean dry calcareous grasslands of Maritime and Ligurian Alps Avenion montanae Barbero 1968; Ononidion cenisiae Barbero 1968; Astragalion aristati Archiloque et al. 1971; Helictotrichion sedenensis Barbero 1968 nom. mut. propos.; Helictotrichion sempervirentis Barbero 1968 nom. mut. propos.; Ononidion cenisiae Barbero 1970 Schaminee et al, 2012
Thymion serpylloidis Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. in Rivas-Mart. 1965 Supra-oromediterranean and supra-orotemperate silicicolous grasslands of southern Iberia Thymion serpylloidis Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart.1963 Schaminee et al, 2012
Minuartio-Poion ligulatae O. de Bolòs 1962 Castillian-Oroiberian supra-oromediterranean grasslands on calcareous and ultramafic soils Festuco hystricis-Poion ligulatae Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1963; Sideritido fontquerianae-Arenarion aggregatae Rivas-Mart. et al. 2001 nom corr.; Sideritido fontquerianae-Arenarion microphyllae Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002; Sideritido pulvinatae-Arenarion aggregatae Rivas Goday et Borja 1961 Schaminee et al, 2012
Ptilotrichion purpurei Quézel 1953 Oro-cryomediterranean chamaephyte-rich xerophilous silicicolous grasslands of Sierra Nevada Nevadension purpureae Quézel 1953 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Hieracio castellani-Plantaginion radicatae Rivas-Mart. et Cantó 1987 Supra-oromediterranean and supra-orotemperate submediterranean xerophilous silicicolous grasslands of eastern and northern Iberia Schaminee et al, 2012
Ononidion cristatae Royer 1991 Supratemperate submediterranean dry calcareous grasslands of southwestern Alps Schaminee et al, 2012
Armerion eriophyllae Pinto da Silva 1970 Supra-oromediterranean and supra-orotemperate silicicolous grasslands on ultramafic outcrops of northern Portugal and Galicia Armerion eriophyllae Pinto da Silva 1965 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 34.7 Mediterraneo-montane grasslands same
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.5 Mediterranean-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.16 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.7 Mediterraneo-montane grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.7 Mediterraneo-montane grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.7   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.7   same
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