Madeiran laurisilvas

English name: Madeiran laurisilvas

Description (English)

Lauriphyllous forests of Madeira with Laurus azorica, Persea indica, Ocotea foetens, Apollonias barbujana, Pittosporum coriaceum, Clethra arborea, Visnea mocanera, Picconia excelsa, Prunus lusitanica ssp. hixa, Heberdenia excelsa, Vaccinium padifolium, Ilex perado ssp. perado, Ilex canariensis, Myrica faya, Erica arborea, Hedera canariensis, Isoplexis canariensis, Euphorbia mellifera, Sambucus lanceolata, Teline maderensis (Cytisus maderensis), Sonchus fruticosus, Senecio auritus (Senecio maderensis), Ruscus streptophyllus, Rubus bollei, Semele androgyna, Smilax canariensis, Tamus edulis, Carex peregrina and many ferns. These forests, which still occupy a relatively large surface, of the order of 10,000 ha (15% of their former surface), are the habitat of the threatened endemic Madeiran Pigeon, Columba trocaz.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code G2.32
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (G2)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Carex peregrina
Flowering Plants Clethra arborea
Birds Columba trocaz
Flowering Plants Erica arborea
Flowering Plants Euphorbia mellifera
Flowering Plants Heberdenia excelsa
Flowering Plants Hedera canariensis
Flowering Plants Ilex canariensis
Flowering Plants Laurus azorica
Flowering Plants Myrica faya
Flowering Plants Ocotea foetens
Flowering Plants Persea indica
Flowering Plants Picconia excelsa
Flowering Plants Pittosporum coriaceum
Flowering Plants Semele androgyna
Flowering Plants Smilax canariensis
Flowering Plants Visnea mocanera
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carex peregrina Flowering Plants
Clethra arborea Flowering Plants
Columba trocaz Long-toed Pigeon Birds
Erica arborea Flowering Plants
Euphorbia mellifera Flowering Plants
Heberdenia excelsa Flowering Plants
Hedera canariensis Flowering Plants
Ilex canariensis Flowering Plants
Laurus azorica Flowering Plants
Myrica faya Flowering Plants
Ocotea foetens Flowering Plants
Persea indica Flowering Plants
Picconia excelsa Flowering Plants
Pittosporum coriaceum Flowering Plants
Semele androgyna Flowering Plants
Smilax canariensis Flowering Plants
Visnea mocanera Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 45.62 Madeiran laurisilvas source
CORINE Land Cover 3.1.1. Broad-leaved forest n/a
BEAR Forest Types for Biodiversity Assessment 25 Laurel forest wider
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.32 Madeiran laurisilvas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.32 Madeiran laurisilvas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G2.32 Madeiran laurisilvas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G2.32 Madeiran laurisilvas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G2.32 Madeiran laurisilvas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G2.32 Madeiran laurisilvas same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 45.62 Madeiran laurisilvas same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 45.62 Madeiran laurisilvas same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 45.62   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 45.62   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 45.62   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 45.62   same
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