EUNIS habitat classification 2012 > E - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > E1 - Dry grasslands > E1.7 - Closed non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral grassland

Closed non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral grassland

English name: Closed non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral grassland

Description (English)

Closed, dry or mesophile, perennial grasslands occupying acid soils in Atlantic or sub-Atlantic lowland to montane regions of northern Europe, middle Europe and western Iberia, with Nardus stricta, Festuca filiformis (Festuca tenuifolia), Festuca ovina, Festuca rubra, Agrostis capillaris, Danthonia decumbens, Anthoxanthum odoratum, Deschampsia flexuosa, Poa angustifolia, Galium saxatile, Polygala vulgaris, Viola canina, Meum athamanticum, Arnica montana, Centaurea nigra, Dianthus deltoides, Gentianella campestris, Chamaespartium sagittale, Jasione laevis, Potentilla erecta, Carex pilulifera. Any of the grasses listed can dominate or codominate distinctive facies; Calamagrostis epigejos or Carex arenaria also can invade and dominate some formations.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E1.7
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Armerion elongatae Pötsch 1962 Closed meso-xerophytic swards on slightly acidic to slightly alkaline sandy soils in lowlands of subcontinental Europe Armerion elongatae Krausch 1962; Plantagini lanceolatae-Festucion brevipilae Passarge 1964 corr. Kratzert et Dengler 1999; Plantagini lanceolatae-Festucion ovinae Passarge 1964; Vicio lathyroidis-Potentillion argenteae Brzeg in Brzeg et Wojterska 1996; Armerion elongatae Krausch 1959; Plantagini-Festucion trachyphyllae Passarge 1964 nom. corr. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Achilleo-Arnicion Horvat et Pawlowski in Horvat 1960 Oligotrophic pastures in planare to submontane belts of western Balkan Peninsula Achilleo-Arnicion Horvat 1930; Calluno-Festucion capillatae Horvat 1959; Calluno-Festucion capillatae Horvat 1962; Festuco-Agrostion capillaris Redžic 1990; Gentianello crispatae-Nardion Redžic 1990; Achilleo-Arnicion Horvat et Pawlowski ex Horvat et al. 1974; Calluno-Festucion capillatae Horvat ex Horvat et al. 1974 Schaminee et al, 2012
Nardo-Agrostion tenuis Sillinger 1933 Mat-grass dry pastures of submotane to supramontane belts of mountain ranges of Central Europe and northern Balkan Peninsula Agrostio-Festucion rubrae (Puscaru et al. 1956) Resmerita 1978; Agrostio-Festucion rubrae montanum Puscaru et al. 1956; Agrostio-Festucion rubrae subalpinum Puscaru et al. 1956; Nardion strictae montanum Domin 1933; Festucion rubrae Csurös et al. 1958; Danthonio decumbentis-Nardion strictae (Domin 1933) Redžic 2007 Schaminee et al, 2012
Potentillo-Polygonion vivipari Nordhagen ex Dierßen 1992 Pastures on poor to moderate rich soils in montane belt of Scandinavia Nardo-Agrostion capillaris Nordhagen 1936; Nardo-Agrostion capillaris Nordhagen 1943; Potentillo-Polygonion vivipari Nordhagen 1936 Schaminee et al, 2012
Armerio-Potentillion Micevski 1978 Dry steppic grasslands on deep soils over siliceous bedrocks in montane belt of Macedonia Schaminee et al, 2012
Sedo-Cerastion arvensis Sissingh et Tideman 1960 Closed meso-xerophytic swards on acidic to neutral sandy soils in lowlands of atlantic to subatlantic regions of Europe Carici arenariae-Festucion filiformis de Foucault 1993; Hieracio-Festucion tenuifoliae Doing 1963; Sedo-Koelerion gracilis Doing 1963; Polygalo vulgaris-Koelerion macranthae Weeda et al. in Schaminée et al. 1996; Carici arenariae-Festucion filiformis de Foucault 1994; Pilosello-Festucion tenuifoliae Doing 1974 (orig. form) Schaminee et al, 2012
Violion caninae Schwickerath 1944 Meso-subxerophilous oligotrophic pastures in planare to submontane belts of Western and Central Europe Galio saxatilis-Festucion vivipareae de Foucault 1994; Galio saxatilis-Festucion filiformis de Foucault 1994; Nardo-Galion saxatilis Preising 1949; Nardo-Galion saxatilis Preising 1950; Potentillo erectae-Holcion mollis Passarge 1979; Violo caninae-Nardion (Schwickerath 1944) Ellenberg 1978; Agrostion curtisii de Foucault 1986; Avenulo marginatae sulcatae-Nardion Stieperaere 1990; Avenulo marginatae sulcatae-Nardion Stieperaere in de Foucault 1994; Avenulo marginatae sulcatae-Nardion Stieperaere in de Foucault 2012; Danthonio decumbentis-Serapiadion linguae de Foucault 1994; Nardo-Agrostion caninae Cortini Pedrotti et al. 1973; Violo-Nardion Oberd. 1949 Schaminee et al, 2012
Armerion junceae Br.-Bl. ex Br.-Bl. et al. 1952 Meso-xerophytic closed tussock grasslands on dolomite sands of southern France Armerion girardii Loisel 1971; Armerion girardii Br.-Bl. 1931 corr. Julve 1993; Armerion juncei Br.-Bl. 1931 (orig. form) Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 35.1 Atlantic closed acidophilous grasslands same
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B12 Acid grassland: semi-improved not defined
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B11 Acid grassland: unimproved overlap
Biodiversity Broad Habitat Classification (UK) 8 Acid grassland wider
Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Habitats (UK) 14 Lowland dry acid grassland overlap
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 5.4.1.1 Lande subatlantique sèche overlap
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 4.3.5 Pâturage maigre acide overlap
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.7 Non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral closed grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.7 Non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral closed grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.7 Non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral closed grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.7 Non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral closed grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.7 Dry, acid closed perennial grassland (Nardo-Galion) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.21 Dry, acid closed perennial grassland (Nardo-Galion) same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 35.1 Atlantic closed acidophilous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 35.1 Atlantic closed acidophilous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 35.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 35.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 35.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 35.1   same
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