EUNIS habitat classification 2012 > E - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > E1 - Dry grasslands > E1.9 - Open non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral grassland, including inland dune grassland

Open non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral grassland, including inland dune grassland

English name: Open non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral grassland, including inland dune grassland

Description (English)

Open grassland, often with therophytes, of the nemoral, boreonemoral and submediterranean zones, developed on raw non-calcareous soils, especially on inland dunes and fixed sands.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E1.9
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Sedo-Cerastion arvensis Sissingh et Tideman 1960 Closed meso-xerophytic swards on acidic to neutral sandy soils in lowlands of atlantic to subatlantic regions of Europe Carici arenariae-Festucion filiformis de Foucault 1993; Hieracio-Festucion tenuifoliae Doing 1963; Sedo-Koelerion gracilis Doing 1963; Polygalo vulgaris-Koelerion macranthae Weeda et al. in Schaminée et al. 1996; Carici arenariae-Festucion filiformis de Foucault 1994; Pilosello-Festucion tenuifoliae Doing 1974 (orig. form) Schaminee et al, 2012
Sedo-Scleranthion Br.-Bl. 1950 Pioneer vegetation on acidic shallow soils on rocky outcrops on siliceous rocks of Alpic valleys Rumici acetosellae-Scleranthion perennis de Foucault 1999; Sedo-Scleranthion Br.-Bl. 1949; Sempervivo-Sedion (Br.-Bl. 1955) T. Müller 1961; Rumici acetosellae-Scleranthion perennis de Foucault 2001; Sedo-Scleranthion Br.-Bl. 1955 Schaminee et al, 2012
Hyperico perforati-Scleranthion perennis Moravec 1967 Boreo-montane cilicicolous meso-xerophytic closed swards on shallow skeletal soils of Central Europe, British Isles and Fennoscandia Koelerio-Phleion phleoidis Korneck 1974; Poo compressae-Rumicion acetosellae Dudikh et Kontar 1998; Thymo pulegioidis-Sedion sexangulare Didukh et Kontar 1998 Schaminee et al, 2012
Sedo albi-Veronicion dillenii Korneck 1974 Thermophilous therophyte- and geophyte-rich vegetation on stable siliceous rubble of Central Europe Rumici-Veronicion dillenii Passarge 1977; Spergulo pentandrae-Veronicion dillenii de Foucault 1999; Veronicion dillenii Oberd. 1957; Spergulo pentandrae-Veronicion dillenii de Foucault 2001 Schaminee et al, 2012
Koelerion glaucae Volk 1931 Steppic grasslands on stabilised inland sand dunes on fluvioglacial deposits of Central and Eastern Europe Helichrysion arenarii Tx. 1951 Schaminee et al, 2012
Sedion anglici Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et Tx. 1952 Pioneer vegetation on acidic shallow soils on rocky outcrops on siliceous rocks of atlantic region of Europe Hyperico linarifolii-Sedion reflexi de Foucault 1999; Hyperico linarifolii-Sedion reflexi de Foucault in Julve 1993; Hyperico linarifolii-Sedion rupestris de Foucault 1999; Hyperico linarifolii-Sedion rupestris de Foucault 2001 Schaminee et al, 2012
Thero-Airion Tx. ex Oberd. 1957 Pioneer vegetation on acidic shallow soils of winter-mild atlantic and sub-boreal regions of Europe and Madeira Airion caryophylleo-praecocis Rivas-Mart. 1978; Thero-Airion Tx. 1951; Thero-Trifolion Doing 1974; Tuberario guttatae-Airion praecocis de Foucault 1999; Tuberario guttatae-Airion praecocis de Foucault 2001 Schaminee et al, 2012
Armerion elongatae Pötsch 1962 Closed meso-xerophytic swards on slightly acidic to slightly alkaline sandy soils in lowlands of subcontinental Europe Armerion elongatae Krausch 1962; Plantagini lanceolatae-Festucion brevipilae Passarge 1964 corr. Kratzert et Dengler 1999; Plantagini lanceolatae-Festucion ovinae Passarge 1964; Vicio lathyroidis-Potentillion argenteae Brzeg in Brzeg et Wojterska 1996; Armerion elongatae Krausch 1959; Plantagini-Festucion trachyphyllae Passarge 1964 nom. corr. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Armerion junceae Br.-Bl. ex Br.-Bl. et al. 1952 Meso-xerophytic closed tussock grasslands on dolomite sands of southern France Armerion girardii Loisel 1971; Armerion girardii Br.-Bl. 1931 corr. Julve 1993; Armerion juncei Br.-Bl. 1931 (orig. form) Schaminee et al, 2012
Sedion pyrenaici Tx. in Rivas-Mart. et al. 2011 Pioneer vegetation on acidic shallow soils on rocky outcrops on siliceous rocks of Pyrenees and western Iberia Sedion pyrenaici Tx. ex Rivas-Mart. et al. 1984; Sedion pyrenaici Tx. in Tx. et Oberd. 1958; Sedion pyrenaici Tx. 1954 Schaminee et al, 2012
Diantho pinifolii-Jasionion heldreichii Bergmeier et al. 2009 Pioneer herb-rich vegetation on acidic shallow soils on rocky outcrops and stabilised ultramafic rubble of northern Hellas Schaminee et al, 2012
Scabioso-Trifolion dalmatici Horvatic et N. Randelovic in N. Randelovic 1977 Silicicolous therophyte swards of submediterranean-continental Serbia Scabioso-Trifolion dalmatici Horvatic et N. Randelovic 1973; Scabioso-Trifolion dalmatici Horvatic et N. Randelovic in N. Randelovic 1975; Scabioso-Trifolion dalmatici N. Randelovic et Horvatic 1974 Schaminee et al, 2012
Armerio-Potentillion Micevski 1978 Dry steppic grasslands on deep soils over siliceous bedrocks in montane belt of Macedonia Schaminee et al, 2012
Corynephorion canescentis Klika 1931 Silicicolous tussock perennial open grasslands of atlantic and subatlantic regions of northwestern and Central Europe Caricion arenariae Doing 1974; Corynephorion Br.-Bl. et de Leeuw 1926; Dicrano-Cladinion Doing 1963; Filagini-Corynephorion Passarge 1960; Miboro minimae-Corynephorion canescentis Loiseau et Felzines 2007; Polytricho-Cornicularion Doing 1974; Sedo micranthi-Corynephorion canescentis Loiseau et Felzines 2007; Spergulo-Corynephorion (Klika 1931) Passarge 1960 Schaminee et al, 2012
Sileno conicae-Cerastion semidecandri Korneck 1974 Steppic sandy grasslands on stablised inland sand dunes of Central Europe Androsaco septentrionali-Cerastion semidecandri Glowacki 1988 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 64.7 Continental inland dunes overlap
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 35.2 Medio-European open siliceous grasslands narrower
CORINE Land Cover 3.3.1. Beaches, dunes, and sand plains n/a
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B11 Acid grassland: unimproved overlap
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B12 Acid grassland: semi-improved not defined
Biodiversity Broad Habitat Classification (UK) 8 Acid grassland wider
Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Habitats (UK) 14 Lowland dry acid grassland overlap
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 4.1.3 Végétation des dalles siliceuses de basse altitude narrower
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 4342000 Biotopy plytkých skeletnatých pôd na silikátovom podloží n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.9 Non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral open grassland, including inland dune grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.9 Non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral open grassland, including inland dune grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.9 Non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral open grassland, including inland dune grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.9 Dry, open perennial and annual siliceous grassland, including inland dune grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.9 Dry, open perennial and annual siliceous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.22 Dry, open perennial and annual siliceous grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 35.2 Medio-European open siliceous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 35.2 Medio-European open siliceous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 35.2   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 35.2   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 35.2   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 35.2   same
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