Hard water springs

English name: Hard water springs

Description (English)

Springs rich in calcium, typically due to calcareous tufa formation. Species-rich habitats with high moss cover, high dominance of moss Cratoneuron commutatum is typical. The stands belong to alliances Cratoneurion commutati and Lycopodo-Cratoneurion commutati with typical species Arabis soyeri, Saxifraga aizoides, Viola biflora, Cochlearia pyrenaica, Bryum pseudotriquetrum, Conocephalum conicum, Eucladium verticillatum and Palustriella commutata.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code C2.12
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
CORINE Land Cover 4.1.1. Inland marshes n/a
Ramsar Wetland Types Y Freshwater springs; oases wider
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 3.5.2.2a Alpine Cratoneuron variant n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 3.5.2.1 Spring fen, Philonotis-type n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 3.5.2.2 Spring fen, Cratoneuron-type n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 3.5.2.3 Spring fen, Paludella type n/a
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 1.3.2 Végétation des sources alcalines same
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 8113000 Prameniská na vápencoch a milonitoch n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 C2.12 Hard water springs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 C2.12 Hard water springs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 C2.12 Hard water springs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 C2.12 Hard water springs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 C2.32 Hard water springs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 C2.32 Hard water springs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 54.12 Hard water springs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 54.12 Hard water springs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 54.12   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 54.12   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 54.12   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 54.12   same
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