Moist or wet eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland

English name: Moist or wet eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland

Description (English)

Wet eutrophic and mesotrophic grasslands and flood meadows of the boreal and nemoral zones, dominated by grasses Poaceae, rushes Juncus spp. or club-rush Scirpus sylvaticus.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E3.4
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Conioselinion tatarici Golub et al. 2003 Wet meadows of subarctic supralittoral of White Sea seaboards Schaminee et al, 2012
Oenanthion fistulosae de Foucault 2009 Atlantic-submediterranean floodplain meadows under influence of prolonged inundation Carici distichae-Oenanthion fistulosae Julve 1993; Eleocharition palustris Mirkin et Naumova 1986; Oenanthion fistulosae de Foucault 1984; Alopecuro bulbosi-Oenanthion fistulosi Julve 1989; Oenanthion globulosae de Foucault 1984; Oenanthion globulosae de Foucault in de Foucault et Catteau 2012; Ranunculo ophioglossifolii-Oenanthion fistulosi de Foucaul in de Foucalt et Catteau 2012 Schaminee et al, 2012
Potentillion anserinae Tx. 1947 Temporarily flooded heavily grazed nutrient-rich grasslands and herblands in habitat experiencing variable wet-dry or brackish-fresh conditions in temperate Europe Ranunculo sardoi-Plantaginion intermediae Julve 1993; Blysmo-Juncion compressi Knapp 1971; Eu-Agropyro-Rumicion Westhoff et Den Held 1969; Juncion effusi Westhoff et Den Held 1969; Lolio-Potentillion anserinae Tx. 1947; Poion palustris Shelyag-Sosonko et al. 1985; Poion palustris Shelyag-Sosonko et al. 1986; Potentillion anserinae von Rochow 1948; Agrostion stoloniferae Görs 1966; Festucion arundinaceae Duvigneaud in Géhu 1999 Schaminee et al, 2012
Glycyrrhizion korshinskyi Lysenko 2010 Subhalophilous alluvial meadows in steppe zone of Volga and Ural River region Schaminee et al, 2012
Molinion caeruleae Koch 1926 Wet grass-rich unfertilised meadows at low-altitudes of temperate Europe Juncion acutiflori Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1947; Junco subuliflori-Molinion Westhoff in Westhoff et Den Held 1969; Molinio-Juncion acutiflori Duvigneaud 1949; Juncion acutiflori Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et Tüxen 1952; Polygono bistortae-Juncion acutiflori de Foucault et Géhu 1980 Schaminee et al, 2012
Euphorbion palustris Ageleulov et Golub in Golub 1995 Sub-saline periodically flooded meadows of steppe zone of Ural River valley Schaminee et al, 2012
Lythro-Euphorbion Mirkin et Naumova 1986 Sub-saline periodically flooded meadows of river valleys in semi-desert zone of European Russia Schaminee et al, 2012
Trifolio-Ranunculion pedati Slavnic 1948 Vegetation of wet meadows of sub-humid continental regions of northern Serbia Trifolio-Ranunculion pedati Slavnic 1942; Trifolio-Ranunculion pedati Slavnic 1947 Schaminee et al, 2012
Deschampsion cespitosae Horvatic 1930 Floodplain alluvial unfertilised meadows of sub-continental regions of Europe Alopecurion pratensis Passarge 1964; Cnidion venosi Bal.-Tul. 1965; Cnidion venosi Bal.-Tul. 1966; Deschampsio-Alopecurion Mirkin et Naumova 1986; Veronico longifoliae-Lysimachion vulgaris (Passarge 1977) Bal.-Tul. 1981; Agrostion albae Soó 1941; Cnidion dubii Bal.-Tul. 1966 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Filipendulo-Petasition Br.-Bl. ex Duvigneaud 1949 Wet tall herblands on mineral soils of temperate Europe Stachyo palustris-Cirsion oleracei Julve et Gillet in Julve 1993; Angelico sylvestris-Filipendulion ulmariae Passarge 1977; Chaerophyllo hirsuti-Filipendulion ulmariae (Passarge 1977) Preising in Preising et al. 1997; Cirsio palustris-Filipendulion ulmariae Klauck 1993; Filipendulo ulmariae-Chaerophyllion hirsuti de Foucault 2011; Filipendulo-Cirsion oleracei Duvigneaud 1946; Filipendulo-Petasition Br.-Bl. 1950; Thalictro flavi-Filipendulion ulmariae de Foucault in Royer et al. 2006; Violo palustris-Lotion uliginosi Passarge 1989; Filipendulion ulmariae Segal 1966; Filipendulion ulmariae Segal ex Lohmeyer in Oberd. et al. 1967; Filipendulion ulmariae Segal ex Westhoff et Den Held 1969; Filipendulo ulmariae-Cirsion rivularis de Foucault 1984; Filipendulo-Petasition Br.-Bl. 1949 nom. ambig. propos.; Lotion uliginosi Passarge 1975; Stachyo palustris-Cirsion oleracei Julve et Gillet 1994; Thalictro flavi-Filipendulion ulmariae de Foucault 1984 Schaminee et al, 2012
Juncion inflexi Knapp 1971 Temporarily flooded lightly grazed nutrient-rich tall herblands of variable wet-dry riparian and alluvial habitats of temperate Europe Mentho aquaticae-Juncion inflexi Julve 1993; Mentho suaveolentis-Juncion longicornis Julve 1993; Mentho longifoliae-Juncion inflexi T. Müller et Görs 1969; Mentho longifoliae-Juncion inflexi T. Müller et Görs ex de Foucault 2009; Scorpidio holoschoeni-Juncion inflexi de Foucault in de Foucault et Catteau 2012 Schaminee et al, 2012
Althaeion officinalis Golub et Mirkin in Golub 1995 Sub-saline periodically flooded meadows of Lower Volga valley Schaminee et al, 2012
Glycyrrhizion glabrae Golub et Mirkin in Golub 1995 Subhalophilous alluvial meadows in semidesert zone of lower Volga River region Limonio gmelinii-Artemision lerchianae Ageleulov et Golub in Golub 1995 Schaminee et al, 2012
Glycyrrhizion echinatae Golub et Saveleva in Golub 1995 Subhalophilous alluvial meadows of steppe zone of lower Don River region Schaminee et al, 2012
Calthion palustris Tx. 1937 Wet herb-rich meadows and pastures on mineral soils of temperate Europe Achilleo ptarmicae-Cirsion palustris Julve et Gillet in Julve 1993; Bromion racemosi Tx. In Tx. et Preising 1951; Bromion racemosi Tx. In Tx. et Preising ex de Foucault 2009; Lychno-Bromion racemosi Doing 1963; Achilleo ptarmicae-Cirsion palustris Julve et Gillet 1994; Achilleo ptarmicae-Cirsion palustris Julve et Gillet ex de Foucault 2011; Caltho-Deschampsion caespitosae Passarge 1976 Schaminee et al, 2012
Loto tenuis-Trifolion fragiferi Westhoff et Den Held ex de Foucault 2009 Temporarily flooded heavily grazed nutrient-rich grasslands and herblands on sub-saline soils of Atlantic regions of Europe Junco gerardii-Bromion racemosi de Foucault in de Foucault et Catteau 2012; Loto tenuis-Trifolion fragiferi Westhoff et al. 1962; Loto tenuis-Trifolion fragiferi Westhoff et al. ex de Foucault 2008; Loto tenuis-Trifolion fragiferi Westhoff et Den Held 1969 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 37.2 Eutrophic humid grasslands narrower
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B22 Neutral grassland: semi-improved not defined
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B21 Neutral grassland: unimproved overlap
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B5 Marsh/marshy grassland overlap
Biodiversity Broad Habitat Classification (UK) 6 Neutral grassland wider
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 7.1.1 Endroit piétiné humide narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 2.3.2 Prairie à populage narrower
Biotopes of the Czech Republic 2001 T1.4 ALUVIÁLNÍ PSÁRKOVÉ LOUKY (Alluvial Alopecurus meadows) same
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 3522100 Vlhké lúky na alúviach vodných tokov a v podmácaných depresiách v nížinách a pahorkatinách n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E3.4 Moist or wet eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E3.4 Moist or wet eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E3.4 Moist or wet eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E3.4 Moist or wet eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E3.4 Moist or wet lowland eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E2.4 Moist or wet lowland eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 37.2 Eutrophic humid grasslands narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 37.2 Eutrophic humid grasslands narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 37.2   narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 37.2   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 37.2   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 37.1   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 37.2   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 37.1   narrower
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