Mediterranean tall humid grassland

English name: Mediterranean tall humid grassland

Description (English)

Mediterranean humid grasslands of tall grasses and rushes with Scirpus holoschoenus (Holoschoenus vulgaris), Agrostis stolonifera, Agrostis reuteri, Calamagrostis epigejos, Galium debile, Molinia caerulea, Briza minor, Melica cupanii, Cyperus longus, Linum tenue, Trifolium resupinatum, Schoenus nigricans, Peucedanum hispanicum, Carex mairii, Juncus maritimus, Juncus acutus, Asteriscus aquaticus, Hypericum tomentosum, Hypericum tetrapterum, Inula viscosa, Oenanthe pimpinelloides, Oenanthe lachenalii, Eupatorium cannabinum, Prunella vulgaris, Pulicaria dysenterica, Tetragonolobus maritimus, Orchis laxiflora, Dactylorhiza elata, Succisa pratensis, Sonchus maritimus ssp. aquatilis, Silaum silaus, Sanguisorba officinalis, Serratula tinctoria, Genista tinctoria, Cirsium monspessulanum, Cirsium pyrenaicum, Senecio doria, Dorycnium rectum, Erica terminalis, Euphorbia pubescens, Lysimachia ephemerum, widespread in the entire Mediterranean basin, extending, along the coasts of the Black Sea, in particular in dune systems, north to the Dobrogea and the Danube Delta, and, in valleys of the Balkan peninsula, north to the Banat.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E3.1
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Deschampsion mediae Br.-Bl. et al. 1952 nom. conserv. propos. Humid mesomediterranean, supramediterranean and submediterranean pastures on clayey soils of eastern Iberian Peninsula and southern France Aphyllanthion Br.-Bl. et Pawlowski 1931 nom. ambig. propos.; Aphyllantion Br.-Bl. et Pawlowski ex Rivas-Mart. et al. 2011; Deschampsio mediae-Molinion arundinaceae (de Foucault 1984) Géhu 1999 Schaminee et al, 2012
Gaudinio fragilis-Hordeion bulbosi Galán de Mera et al. 1997 Humid meadows on sandy soils along Western Mediterranean coasts Gaudinio verticicolae-Hordeion bulbosi Galán de Mera et al. 1997 corr. Rivas-Martinez et al. 2002 Schaminee et al, 2012
Molinio-Holoschoenion Br.-Bl. ex Tchou 1948 Seasonally flooded grasslands on subsaline soils of Western Mediterranean Agrostio stoloniferae-Scirpoidion holoschoeni de Foucault 1984; Brizo minoris-Holoschoenion Rivas Goday 1964; Holoschoenion Br.-Bl. 1931; Molinio-Holoschoenion Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. 1947; Molinio-Scirpoidion holoschoeni Br.-Bl. ex Tchou 1948 nom. mut. propos.; Agrostio stoloniferae-Scirpoidion holoschoeni de Foucault in de Foucault et Catteau 2012; Molinio-Holoschoenion Br.-Bl. ex Br.-Bl. et al. 1952 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Agrostis reuteri
Flowering Plants Agrostis stolonifera
Flowering Plants Asteriscus aquaticus
Flowering Plants Briza minor
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis epigejos
Flowering Plants Carex mairii
Flowering Plants Cirsium monspessulanum
Flowering Plants Cyperus longus
Flowering Plants Dactylorhiza elata
Flowering Plants Dorycnium rectum
Flowering Plants Erica terminalis
Flowering Plants Eupatorium cannabinum
Flowering Plants Euphorbia pubescens
Flowering Plants Galium debile
Flowering Plants Genista tinctoria
Flowering Plants Holoschoenus vulgaris
Flowering Plants Hypericum tetrapterum
Flowering Plants Hypericum tomentosum
Flowering Plants Inula viscosa
Flowering Plants Juncus acutus
Flowering Plants Juncus maritimus
Flowering Plants Linum tenue
Flowering Plants Lysimachia ephemerum
Flowering Plants Melica cupanii
Flowering Plants Molinia caerulea
Flowering Plants Oenanthe lachenalii
Flowering Plants Oenanthe pimpinelloides
Flowering Plants Orchis laxiflora
Flowering Plants Peucedanum hispanicum
Flowering Plants Prunella vulgaris
Flowering Plants Pulicaria dysenterica
Flowering Plants Sanguisorba officinalis
Flowering Plants Schoenus nigricans
Flowering Plants Scirpus holoschoenus
Flowering Plants Senecio doria
Flowering Plants Serratula tinctoria
Flowering Plants Silaum silaus
Flowering Plants Succisa pratensis
Flowering Plants Tetragonolobus maritimus
Flowering Plants Trifolium resupinatum
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Agrostis reuteri Flowering Plants
Agrostis stolonifera Flowering Plants
Asteriscus aquaticus Flowering Plants
Briza minor Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis epigejos Flowering Plants
Carex mairii Flowering Plants
Cirsium monspessulanum Flowering Plants
Cyperus longus Flowering Plants
Dactylorhiza elata Flowering Plants
Dorycnium rectum Flowering Plants
Erica terminalis Flowering Plants
Eupatorium cannabinum Flowering Plants
Euphorbia pubescens Flowering Plants
Galium debile Flowering Plants
Genista tinctoria Flowering Plants
Holoschoenus vulgaris Flowering Plants
Hypericum tetrapterum Flowering Plants
Hypericum tomentosum Flowering Plants
Inula viscosa Flowering Plants
Juncus acutus Flowering Plants
Juncus maritimus Flowering Plants
Linum tenue Flowering Plants
Lysimachia ephemerum Flowering Plants
Melica cupanii Flowering Plants
Molinia caerulea Flowering Plants
Oenanthe lachenalii Flowering Plants
Oenanthe pimpinelloides Flowering Plants
Orchis laxiflora Flowering Plants
Peucedanum hispanicum Flowering Plants
Prunella vulgaris Flowering Plants
Pulicaria dysenterica Flowering Plants
Sanguisorba officinalis Flowering Plants
Schoenus nigricans Flowering Plants
Scirpus holoschoenus Flowering Plants
Senecio doria Flowering Plants
Serratula tinctoria Flowering Plants
Silaum silaus Flowering Plants
Succisa pratensis Flowering Plants
Tetragonolobus maritimus Flowering Plants
Trifolium resupinatum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 37.4 Mediterranean tall humid grasslands same
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E3.1 Mediterranean tall humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E3.1 Mediterranean tall humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E3.1 Mediterranean tall humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E3.1 Mediterranean tall humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E3.1 Mediterranean tall humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E2.1 Mediterranean tall humid grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 37.4 Mediterranean tall humid grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 37.4 Mediterranean tall humid grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 37.4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 37.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 37.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 37.4   same
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