Subalpine moist or wet tall-herb and fern stands

English name: Subalpine moist or wet tall-herb and fern stands

Description (English)

Luxuriant tall herb formations of deep, humid soils in the montane to alpine, but mostly subalpine, levels of the higher mountains, with Cicerbita alpina, Cicerbita alpina plumieri, Cirsium helenioides, Cirsium spinosissimum, Cirsium flavispina, Geranium sylvaticum, Polygonatum verticillatum, Ranunculus platanifolius, Aconitum vulparia, Aconitum napellus, Aconitum nevadense, Adenostyles alliariae, Senecio elodes, Veratrum album, Trollius europaeus, Peucedanum ostruthium, Doronicum austriacum, Pedicularis foliosa, Eryngium alpinum, Leuzea rhapontica (Centaurea rhapontica), Valeriana pyrenaica, Tozzia alpina.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E5.5
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Triseto sibiricae-Aconition septentrionalis Ermakov et al. 2000 Tall-forb communities on fertile soils of boreal belt of Urals Mts and Altai Schaminee et al, 2012
Adenostylion alliariae Br.-Bl. 1926 nom. conserv. propos. Tall-herb communities on siliceous substrates of mountains of nemoral zone of Europe Aconition firmi Krajina 1933; Adenostylion Luquet 1926; Adenostylion pyrenaicae Rivas-Mart. et al. 1984; Alno-Adenostylion (Br.-Bl. 1926) Horvat 1962; Alno-Adenostylion Br-Bl. 1948; Alno-Adenostylion Br-Bl. et Tx. 1943; Adenostylion alliariae Zlatník 1925 nom. ambig. propos.; Aconition firmi Borza et Boscaui 1965; Adenostylion Br.-Bl. 1930 Schaminee et al, 2012
Mulgedion alpini Nordhagen 1943 Tall-herb and scrub communities on fertile soils of montane to alpine belts in Scottland, Fennoscandia, Arctic Ocean islands and Greenland Aconition septentrionalis Nordhagen 1936; Dryopterido-Calamagrostion purpureae Nordhagen 1943; Geranio-Cirsion heterophylli Kalliola 1939; Lactucion alpinae Nordhagen 1943; Cicerbition alpinae Nordhagen 1943 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Polemonio acutiflori-Veratrion lobeliani Telyatnikov 2012 Tall-forb communities on seasonally frozen soils of subarctic foothills and mountains of North Urals Mts Schaminee et al, 2012
Delphinion elati Hadac ex Hadac et al. 1969 Sub-montane to subalpine calcicolous tall-herb communities of Carpathians Carduo-Urticion dioicae Hadac 1962; Carduo-Urticion dioicae Hadac in Hadac et al. 1969; Delphinion elati Hadac 1962 Schaminee et al, 2012
Dryopterido-Athyrion distentifolii (Holub ex Sýkora et Štursa 1973) Jeník et al. 1980 Fern-rich communities on fertile soils at high altitudes of Alps, Carpathians, Hercynicum and Scandinavia Schaminee et al, 2012
Rumicion alpini Rübel ex Scharfetter 1938 Subalpine nitrophilous ruderal communities of Europe Rumicion alpini Rübel 1933; Rumicion alpini Rübel ex Klika in Klika et Hadac 1944; Rumicion pseudalpini Rübel ex Scharfetter 1938 corr. Loidi et Biurrun 1996; Plantaginion reniformis Lakušic 1970; Rumici alpini-Chenopodion (Br.-Bl. 1948) Redžic 2011; Rumicion alpini dinaricum silicicolum Lakušic 1979; Rumicion balcanici Lakušic 1965; Rumicion balcanici Lakušic 1968; Chenopodion subalpinum Br.-Bl. 1949; Chenopodion subalpinum Br.-Bl. 1950 Schaminee et al, 2012
Doronicion corsici Gamisans 1975 Tall-herb communities in supramediterranean and oromediterranean belts of Corsica Cymbalarion hepaticifoliae Gamisans 1975; Cymbalarion hepaticifoliae Gamisans 1977; Doronicion corsici Gamisans 1977 Schaminee et al, 2012
Cirsion flavispinae Quézel 1953 Tall-herb communities on fertile soils at high altitudes of Sierra Nevada (Iberian Peninsula) Schaminee et al, 2012
Cirsion appendiculati Horvat et al. 1937 Tall-herb communities on fertile soils at high altitudes of eastern and central Balkan Peninsula Geion coccinei Horvat 1949; Geion rhodopei V. Randelovic et N. Randelovic in Milosavlejic et al. 2008; Mulgedion pancicii Lakušic 1979; Petasition doerfleri Lakušic 1968; Geion coccinei Horvat 1960; Knautio-Veratrion albae Redžic et al. 2011; Petasition doerfleri Lakušic 1970 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 37.8 Subalpine and alpine tall herb communities same
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 C3 Other tall herb and fern wider
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 7.1.7 Reposoir à bétail subalpins et alpins narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 5.2.4 Mégaphorbiaie de montagne hygrophile à Adenostyles alliariae narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 5.2.3 Mégaphorbiaie de montagne mésophile à graminées narrower
Biotopes of the Czech Republic 2001 S1.4 VYSOKOBYLINNÁ VEGETACE ZAZEMNĚNÝCH DROLIN (Tall-forb vegetation of fine-soil-rich boulder screes ) not defined
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E5.5 Subalpine moist or wet tall-herb and fern stands same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E5.5 Subalpine moist or wet tall-herb and fern habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E5.5 Subalpine moist or wet tall-herb and fern habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E5.5 Subalpine moist or wet tall-herb and fern habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E4.5 Alpine and subalpine tall herb and Pteridium aquilinum stands same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E4.5 Subalpine and alpine tall-herb stands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 37.8 Subalpine and alpine tall herb communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 37.8 Subalpine and alpine tall herb communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 37.8   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 37.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 37.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 37.8   same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100