EUNIS habitat classification 2012 > E - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > E2 - Mesic grasslands > E2.1 - Permanent mesotrophic pastures and aftermath-grazed meadows

Permanent mesotrophic pastures and aftermath-grazed meadows

English name: Permanent mesotrophic pastures and aftermath-grazed meadows

Description (English)

Regularly grazed mesotrophic pastures of Europe, fertilised and on well-drained soils, with Lolium perenne, Cynosurus cristatus, Poa spp., Festuca spp., Trifolium repens, Leontodon autumnalis, Bellis perennis, Ranunculus repens, Ranunculus acris, Cardamine pratensis, Deschampsia cespitosa; they are most characteristic of the nemoral and boreonemoral zones Europe, but extend to the Cordillera Central, the Apennines and the supra-Mediterranean zone of the Balkan peninsula and Greece.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E2.1
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Poion alpinae Gams ex Oberd. 1950 Cattle pastures of fertile soils in subalpine belt of Alps and Carpathians Poion alpinae Gams 1936; Poion alpinae Rübel 1933; Achilleo-Poion alpinae (Gams ex Oberd. 1950) Passarge 1969; Astero bellidiastri-Poion alpinae Passarge 1969; Carlino-Poion alpinae Passarge 1969; Eu-Achilleo-Poion alpinae Passarge 1969; Eu-Carlino-Poion alpinae Passarge 1969; Eu-Rumici acetosi-Poion alpinae Passarge 1969; Phleo alpini-Poion alpinae Passarge 1969; Ranunculo-Poion alpinae Passarge 1969; Rumici acetosi-Poion alpinae Passarge 1969 Schaminee et al, 2012
Deschampsion cespitosae Horvatic 1930 Floodplain alluvial unfertilised meadows of sub-continental regions of Europe Alopecurion pratensis Passarge 1964; Cnidion venosi Bal.-Tul. 1965; Cnidion venosi Bal.-Tul. 1966; Deschampsio-Alopecurion Mirkin et Naumova 1986; Veronico longifoliae-Lysimachion vulgaris (Passarge 1977) Bal.-Tul. 1981; Agrostion albae Soó 1941; Cnidion dubii Bal.-Tul. 1966 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Cynosurion cristati Tx. 1947 Pastures on well-drained mineral-rich soils at lower altitudes of temperate Europe Trifolio repentis-Lolion perennis Dietl 1983; Achilleo-Cynosurion Passarge 1969; Alchemillo xanthochlorae-Cynosurion (Passarge 1969) de Foucault 1989; Lolio perennis-Plantaginion majoris Sissingh 1969; Lolio-Cynosurion Jurko 1974; Lolion perennis Resmerita et Pop 1972; Phleo-Leontodontion (Br.-Bl. et Berset 1957) Dietl 1972; Ranunculo repentis-Cynosurion Passarge 1969; Ranunculo sardoi-Plantaginion intermediae Julve 1993; Rumici crispi-Cynosurion cristati de Foucault 1989; Thymo pulegioidis-Cynosurion Passarge 1969; Alchemillo-Cynosurion Passarge 1969; Alchemillo-Trifolion repentis Passarge 1976; Bromo mollis-Cynosurion Passarge 1969; Cardamino pratensis-Cynosurioon Passarge 1969; Eu-Ranunculo repentis-Cynosurion Passarge 1969; Eu-Thymo pulegeioidis-Cynosurion Passarge 1969; Lolion perennis Felföldy 1942 nom. ambig. propos.; Sanguisorbo minoris-Cynosurion Passarge 1969 Schaminee et al, 2012
Poion supinae Rivas-Mart. et Géhu 1978 Heavily-trampled pastures at high altitudes of mountain ranges of temperate Europe Alchemillo-Poion supinae Ellmauer et Mucina 1993; Poion variae Tx. 1950 Schaminee et al, 2012
Potentillion anserinae Tx. 1947 Temporarily flooded heavily grazed nutrient-rich grasslands and herblands in habitat experiencing variable wet-dry or brackish-fresh conditions in temperate Europe Ranunculo sardoi-Plantaginion intermediae Julve 1993; Blysmo-Juncion compressi Knapp 1971; Eu-Agropyro-Rumicion Westhoff et Den Held 1969; Juncion effusi Westhoff et Den Held 1969; Lolio-Potentillion anserinae Tx. 1947; Poion palustris Shelyag-Sosonko et al. 1985; Poion palustris Shelyag-Sosonko et al. 1986; Potentillion anserinae von Rochow 1948; Agrostion stoloniferae Görs 1966; Festucion arundinaceae Duvigneaud in Géhu 1999 Schaminee et al, 2012
Lino biennis-Gaudinion fragilis (Br.-Bl. 1967) de Foucault 1989 Pastures on well-drained mineral-rich soils of supra-mediterranean and atlantic regions of Europe Gaudinio fragilis-Cynosurion cristati (Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1963) Géhu 2006 Schaminee et al, 2012
Molinion caeruleae Koch 1926 Wet grass-rich unfertilised meadows at low-altitudes of temperate Europe Juncion acutiflori Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1947; Junco subuliflori-Molinion Westhoff in Westhoff et Den Held 1969; Molinio-Juncion acutiflori Duvigneaud 1949; Juncion acutiflori Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et Tüxen 1952; Polygono bistortae-Juncion acutiflori de Foucault et Géhu 1980 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 38.1 Mesophile pastures same
CORINE Land Cover 2.3.1. Pastures n/a
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B22 Neutral grassland: semi-improved not defined
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B21 Neutral grassland: unimproved overlap
Biodiversity Broad Habitat Classification (UK) 6 Neutral grassland wider
Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Habitats (UK) 10 Lowland meadows overlap
National Vegetation Classification (UK) MG4 Alopecurus pratensis-Sanguisorba officinalis grassland narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 4.5.3 Pâturage de basse et moyenne altitude same
Biotopes of the Czech Republic 2001 T1.3 POHÁŇKOVÉ PASTVINY (Cynosurus pastures) same
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 3512300 Živné pasienky horské n/a
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 3510000 Pasienky n/a
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 3521400 Chudobné podhorské a horské lúky n/a
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 3512000 Vlhké a mezofilé pasienky n/a
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 3512400 Nízkostebelné vysohohorské pasienky n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E2.1 Permanent mesotrophic pastures and aftermath-grazed meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E2.1 Permanent mesotrophic pastures and aftermath-grazed meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E2.1 Permanent mesotrophic pastures and aftermath-grazed meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E2.1 Permanent mesotrophic pastures and aftermath-grazed meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E2.1 Permanent mesotrophic lowland pastures and aftermath-grazed meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E3.1 Permanent mesotrophic lowland pasture and aftermath-grazed meadow same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 38.1 Mesophile pastures same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 38.1 Mesophile pastures same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 38.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 38.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 38.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 38.1   same
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