Low and medium altitude hay meadows

English name: Low and medium altitude hay meadows

Description (English)

Mesotrophic hay meadows of low altitudes of Europe, fertilised and well-drained, with Arrhenatherum elatius, Trisetum flavescens, Anthriscus sylvestris, Heracleum sphondylium, Daucus carota, Crepis biennis, Knautia arvensis, Leucanthemum vulgare, Pimpinella major, Trifolium dubium, Geranium pratense; they are most characteristic of the nemoral and boreonemoral zones of Europe, but extend to the Cordillera Central, the Apennines and the supra-Mediterranean zone of the Balkan peninsula and Greece.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E2.2
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Ranunculo neapolitani-Arrhenatherion elatioris Allegrezza et Biondi 2011 Mesic mown meadows on mineral-rich soils of sub-mediterranean regions of Apenninian Peninsula Schaminee et al, 2012
Calthion palustris Tx. 1937 Wet herb-rich meadows and pastures on mineral soils of temperate Europe Achilleo ptarmicae-Cirsion palustris Julve et Gillet in Julve 1993; Bromion racemosi Tx. In Tx. et Preising 1951; Bromion racemosi Tx. In Tx. et Preising ex de Foucault 2009; Lychno-Bromion racemosi Doing 1963; Achilleo ptarmicae-Cirsion palustris Julve et Gillet 1994; Achilleo ptarmicae-Cirsion palustris Julve et Gillet ex de Foucault 2011; Caltho-Deschampsion caespitosae Passarge 1976 Schaminee et al, 2012
Molinion caeruleae Koch 1926 Wet grass-rich unfertilised meadows at low-altitudes of temperate Europe Juncion acutiflori Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1947; Junco subuliflori-Molinion Westhoff in Westhoff et Den Held 1969; Molinio-Juncion acutiflori Duvigneaud 1949; Juncion acutiflori Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et Tüxen 1952; Polygono bistortae-Juncion acutiflori de Foucault et Géhu 1980 Schaminee et al, 2012
Arrhenatherion elatioris Luquet 1926 Mesic mown meadows on mineral-rich soils or planare to submontane belts of temperate Europe Agrostio-Festucion rubrae Passarge 1969; Anthrisco-Heracleion Passarge 1975; Arrhenatherion Br.-Bl. 1931; Arrhenatherion elatioris Koch 1926; Arrhenatherion elatioris Tx. 1931; Festucion pratensis Sipailova et al. 1985; Hyperico-Vicion angustifoliae Passarge 1975; Triseto-Arrhenatherion Passarge 1969; Dauco-Arrhenatherion Passarge 1969 Schaminee et al, 2012
Glycyrrhizion korshinskyi Lysenko 2010 Subhalophilous alluvial meadows in steppe zone of Volga and Ural River region Schaminee et al, 2012
Cynosurion cristati Tx. 1947 Pastures on well-drained mineral-rich soils at lower altitudes of temperate Europe Trifolio repentis-Lolion perennis Dietl 1983; Achilleo-Cynosurion Passarge 1969; Alchemillo xanthochlorae-Cynosurion (Passarge 1969) de Foucault 1989; Lolio perennis-Plantaginion majoris Sissingh 1969; Lolio-Cynosurion Jurko 1974; Lolion perennis Resmerita et Pop 1972; Phleo-Leontodontion (Br.-Bl. et Berset 1957) Dietl 1972; Ranunculo repentis-Cynosurion Passarge 1969; Ranunculo sardoi-Plantaginion intermediae Julve 1993; Rumici crispi-Cynosurion cristati de Foucault 1989; Thymo pulegioidis-Cynosurion Passarge 1969; Alchemillo-Cynosurion Passarge 1969; Alchemillo-Trifolion repentis Passarge 1976; Bromo mollis-Cynosurion Passarge 1969; Cardamino pratensis-Cynosurioon Passarge 1969; Eu-Ranunculo repentis-Cynosurion Passarge 1969; Eu-Thymo pulegeioidis-Cynosurion Passarge 1969; Lolion perennis Felföldy 1942 nom. ambig. propos.; Sanguisorbo minoris-Cynosurion Passarge 1969 Schaminee et al, 2012
Glycyrrhizion echinatae Golub et Saveleva in Golub 1995 Subhalophilous alluvial meadows of steppe zone of lower Don River region Schaminee et al, 2012
Rumicion thyrsiflori Micevski ex Carni et Mucina 2013 Mesic mown meadows on mineral-rich soils of sub-mediterranean regions of Central Balkans Rumicion thyrsiflori Micevski 1994 Schaminee et al, 2012
Deschampsion cespitosae Horvatic 1930 Floodplain alluvial unfertilised meadows of sub-continental regions of Europe Alopecurion pratensis Passarge 1964; Cnidion venosi Bal.-Tul. 1965; Cnidion venosi Bal.-Tul. 1966; Deschampsio-Alopecurion Mirkin et Naumova 1986; Veronico longifoliae-Lysimachion vulgaris (Passarge 1977) Bal.-Tul. 1981; Agrostion albae Soó 1941; Cnidion dubii Bal.-Tul. 1966 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Conioselinion tatarici Golub et al. 2003 Wet meadows of subarctic supralittoral of White Sea seaboards Schaminee et al, 2012
Glycyrrhizion glabrae Golub et Mirkin in Golub 1995 Subhalophilous alluvial meadows in semidesert zone of lower Volga River region Limonio gmelinii-Artemision lerchianae Ageleulov et Golub in Golub 1995 Schaminee et al, 2012
Brachypodio-Centaureion nemoralis Br.-Bl. 1967 Mesic mown meadows on mineral-rich soils of thermo-atlantic and sub-mediterranean belts of Western Europe Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 38.2 Lowland and collinar hay meadows same
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B21 Neutral grassland: unimproved overlap
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B22 Neutral grassland: semi-improved not defined
Biodiversity Broad Habitat Classification (UK) 6 Neutral grassland wider
Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Habitats (UK) 10 Lowland meadows overlap
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 4.5.1 Prairie de fauche de basse altitude wider
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E2.2 Low and medium altitude hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E2.2 Low and medium altitude hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E2.2 Low and medium altitude hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E2.2 Coarse permanent grassland and tall herbs, usually mown but little grazed same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E2.2 Coarse permanent grassland and tall herbs, usually mown but little grazed same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E3.2 Coarse permanent grassland, usually mown but little grazed same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 38.2 Lowland and collinar hay meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 38.2 Lowland and collinar hay meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 38.2   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 38.2   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 38.2   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 38.2   same
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