Mountain hay meadows

English name: Mountain hay meadows

Description (English)

Often species-rich mesotrophic to eutrophic hay meadows of the montane and subalpine levels of higher mountains of the nemoral and southern boreal zones.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E2.3
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Violion cornutae Nègre 1972 Mesic montane meadows on fertile mineral soils of Pyrenees Violion cornutae Romo 1986 Schaminee et al, 2012
Polygonion krascheninnikovii Kashapov 1985 Meadows of tall herbs on fertile mineral soils of montane zone of South Ural Schaminee et al, 2012
Phyteumato-Trisetion flavescentis Hundt ex Passarge 1969 Montane mown meadows on relatively mineral-poor soils in subatlantic regions of Central Europe Phyteumato-Trisetion (Hundt ex Passarge 1969) Ellmauer et Mucina 1993; Phyteumato-Festucion rubrae Passarge 1969 Schaminee et al, 2012
Triseto flavescentis-Polygonion bistortae Br.-Bl. et Tx. ex Marschall 1947 Montane-supramontane hay meadows on fertile mineral-rich soils of Central European mountain ranges Polygono bistortae-Trisetion flavescentis Br.-Bl. et Tx. ex Marschall 1947 nom. invers. propos.; Triseto flavescentis-Polygonion bistortae Br.-Bl. et Tx. 1943; Triseto-Arrhenatherion Passarge 1969; Rumici-Trisetion Hundt ex Passarge 1969 Schaminee et al, 2012
Pancicion serbicae Lakušic 1966 Mesic montane meadows on fertile mineral soils of Central Balkans Pancicion serbicae Lakušic 1964 Schaminee et al, 2012
Calthion palustris Tx. 1937 Wet herb-rich meadows and pastures on mineral soils of temperate Europe Achilleo ptarmicae-Cirsion palustris Julve et Gillet in Julve 1993; Bromion racemosi Tx. In Tx. et Preising 1951; Bromion racemosi Tx. In Tx. et Preising ex de Foucault 2009; Lychno-Bromion racemosi Doing 1963; Achilleo ptarmicae-Cirsion palustris Julve et Gillet 1994; Achilleo ptarmicae-Cirsion palustris Julve et Gillet ex de Foucault 2011; Caltho-Deschampsion caespitosae Passarge 1976 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 38.3 Mountain hay meadows same
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B22 Neutral grassland: semi-improved not defined
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 B21 Neutral grassland: unimproved overlap
Biodiversity Broad Habitat Classification (UK) 6 Neutral grassland wider
Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Habitats (UK) 11 Upland hay meadow overlap
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 4.5.2 Prairie de fauche de montagne same
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 3521300 Trojštetové lúky horské n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E2.3 Mountain hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E2.3 Mountain hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E2.3 Mountain hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E2.3 Mountain hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E2.3 Mountain hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E3.3 Mountain hay meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 38.3 Mountain hay meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 38.3 Mountain hay meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 38.3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 38.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 38.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 38.3   same
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