English name: Tundra

Description (English)

Vegetated land with graminoids, shrubs, mosses or macrolichens overlying permafrost. European tundras are limited to Spitzbergen and northern Russia. Vegetation with the same species also occurs on boreal mountains and in the low arctic remote from the main permafrost region, notably in Fennoscandia and Iceland; these oroboreal and low arctic habitats are listed under alpine and subalpine grassland E4 or arctic, alpine and subalpine scrub F2.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code F1

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 39 Tundra same
CORINE Land Cover 3.3.3. Sparsely vegetated areas n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types
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