Shrub tundra

English name: Shrub tundra

Description (English)

Tundras of the southernmost tundra belt, characterized by an abundance of medium small and small shrubs, including 1-2 m tall Alnus fruticosa, 0.5-0.8 m tall Salix lanata, Betula nana, Betula exilis, Salix reptans, Salix pulchra, and of dwarf shrubs, in particular, Vaccinium uliginosum, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Ledum decumbens, Rubus chamaemorus, Empetrum hermaphroditum, Empetrum nigrum, Arctostaphylos alpinus. They extend south to the wooded taiga belt.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code F1.1

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Loiseleurio-Arctostaphylion Kalliola ex Nordhagen 1943 Arcti and-boreo-alpine tundra scrub of wind-exposed habitats of Scandinavia, northern Russia, Svalbard, Iceland and Greenland Loiseleurio-Arctostaphylion Kalliola 1939; Arctostaphylo-Cetrarion nivalis Dahl 1957; Juncion trifidi scandinavicum Nordhagen 1936; Juncion trifidi scandinavicum Nordhagen 1943; Loiseleurio-Diapension Daniƫls 1982 Schaminee et al, 2012
Phyllodoco-Vaccinion myrtilli Nordhagen 1943 Moderately chionophilous dwarf scrub of boreal and hemiarctic zones of Fennoscandia, Iceland, northern Russia and Greenland Phyllodoco-Vaccinion myrtilli Nordhagen 1936; Myrtillion alpinum Du Rietz 1942; Phyllodoceto-myrtilli Kalliola 1939; Phyllodoco-Vaccinion myrtilli Nordhagen 1937 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Alnus fruticosa
Flowering Plants Arctostaphylos alpinus
Flowering Plants Betula nana
Flowering Plants Empetrum hermaphroditum
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum
Flowering Plants Ledum decumbens
Flowering Plants Rubus chamaemorus
Flowering Plants Salix lanata
Flowering Plants Salix pulchra
Flowering Plants Salix reptans
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Alnus fruticosa Flowering Plants
Arctostaphylos alpinus Flowering Plants
Betula nana Flowering Plants
Empetrum hermaphroditum Flowering Plants
Empetrum nigrum Flowering Plants
Ledum decumbens Flowering Plants
Rubus chamaemorus Flowering Plants
Salix lanata Flowering Plants
Salix pulchra Flowering Plants
Salix reptans Flowering Plants
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 39.1 Shrub tundra same
CORINE Land Cover 3.3.3. Sparsely vegetated areas n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F1.1 Shrub tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F1.1 Shrub tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F1.1 Shrub tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F1.1 Shrub tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F3.3 Dwarf-shrub tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F3.3 Dwarf-shrub tundra same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 39.1 Shrub tundra same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 39.1 Dwarf shrub tundra same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 39.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 39.1   same
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