Cave entrances

English name: Cave entrances

Description (English)

The exterior part of caves, including the twilight zone where light penetrating from the outer world is sufficient to permit human vision. In Western Carpathians vegetation of alliance Erysimo wittmanii-Hackelion deflexae occurs, with species such as Campanula rapunculoides, Cortusa matthioli and Hackelia deflexa.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code H1.1
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (H1)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 I15 Natural rock exposure: cave overlap
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 3.5.3 Association pariétale (entrée des grottes) same
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 1120000 Jaskynná diera n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 H1.1 Cave entrances same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 H1.1 Cave entrances same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 H1.1 Cave entrances same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 H1.1 Cave entrances same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 H1.1 Cave entrances same
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