Fagus woodland

English name: Beech woodland

Description (English)

Forests dominated by beech Fagus sylvatica in western and central Europe, and Fagus orientalis and other Fagus species in southeastern Europe and the Pontic region. Many montane formations are mixed beech-fir or beech-fir-spruce forests, which are listed under G4.6

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code G1.6
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Aremonio-Fagion Török et al. ex Marincek et al. 1993 Beech and mixed beech-fir forests of Illyrian region and western Dinarides and central Italy Fagion illyricum Horvat 1938; Fago-Colurnion Borhidi 1963 (orig. form); Lonicero-Fagion Borhidi 1963; Aremonio-Fagion (Horvat 1938) Borhidi in Török et al. 1989; Fagion circumpannonicum P. Fukarek 1977; Fagion illyricum Horvat 1950 Schaminee et al, 2012
Geranio nodosi-Fagion Gentile ex Feoli et Lagonegro 1982 Refugial beech and mixed beech-fir forests of Northern and Central Apennines Geranio nodosi-Fagion Gentile 1975 Schaminee et al, 2012
Fagion sylvaticae Luquet 1926 Post-glacial beech and mixed beech-fir forests of western Central and northern Europe Asperulo-Fagion Knapp 1942; Asperulo-Fagion Tx. 1955; Fraxino excelsioris-Fagion sylvaticae Hofmann et Passarge 1963; Eu-Fagion Klika in Klika et Novák 1941; Eu-Fagion medioeuropaeum Soó 1960; Fagion medio-europaeum Soó 1962; Abieti albae-Fagion sylvaticae Gillet 1986; Antherico-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Asperulo-Fagion Knapp in Tx. et Oberd. 1958; Dentario-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Eu-Asperulo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Eu-Fraxino-Fagion sylvaticae Passrage 1968; Galio odorati-Fagion Knapp ex Tx. et Oberd. 1958 nom. mut. propos.; Galio-Fagion sylvaticae Moor 1978; Impatienti-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Petasito-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Rumici arifolii-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968 Schaminee et al, 2012
Galio rotundifolii-Fagion Gamisans 1975 Relict beech forests of Corsica Fago-Pinion corsianae Br.-Bl. 1955; Galio rotundifolii-Fagion Gamisans 1977 Schaminee et al, 2012
Vaccinio-Fagion orientalis Passarge 1981 Oriental beech forests on nutrient-poor acid soils of Colchis region Schaminee et al, 2012
Lonicero alpigenae-Fagion (Borhidi ex Soó 1964) Dierschke 1997 Post-glacial beech and mixed beech-fir forests of northern and southern piedmonts of Alps Fagion austroalpinum P. Fukarek 1979 Schaminee et al, 2012
Symphyto cordati-Fagion (Vida 1963) Täuber 1982 Refugial beech and mixed beech-fir forests of Carpathians Acerion dacicum Soó 1964; Fagion dacicum Soó 1960; Symphyto cordati-Fagion Soó 1964 Schaminee et al, 2012
Luzulo-Fagion sylvaticae Lohmeyer et Tx. in Tx. 1954 Acidophilous beech forests of Western, Central and southeastern Europe Eu-Luzulo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Fagion moesiacum P. Fukarek 1969; Maianthemo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Melampyro-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Molinio-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Molinio-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Myrtillo-Fagion sylvaticae G. Hofmann et Passarge in Scamoni 1963 (orig. form); Myrtillo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968 (orig. form); Deschampsio-Fagion sylvaticae Soó 1962; Deschampsio-Fagion sylvaticae Soó 1964; Deschampsio-Fagion sylvaticae Soó 1971; Dicrano-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Eu-Luzulo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Eu-Myrtillo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968 (orig. form); Eu-Myrtillo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968 (orig. form); Maianthemo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Melampyro-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Polygonato verticillati-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968 Schaminee et al, 2012
Fagion moesiacae Blecic et Lakušic 1970 Refugial beech and mixed beech-fir forests of eastern Dinarides and Rodopi Fagion moesiacae subalpinum B. Jovanovic 1976; Fagion moesiacum P. Fukarek 1969; Doronico columnae-Fagion moesiacae (Dzwonko et al. 1999) Dierschke 2004; Doronico orientalis-Fagion moesiacae (Raus ex Bergmeier 1990 ) Dierschke 2004; Doronico orientalis-Fagion moesiacae Dierschke 1998; Fagion hellenicum Horvat et al. 1974; Fagion moesiacae Dafis 1973; Fagion moesiacae Horvat et al. 1974; Fagion moesiacae To¨ro¨k, Podani et Borhidi 1989; Fagion orientalis Borza et Boscaiu 1965; Seslerio autumnalis-Fagion moesiacae (Blecic et Lakušic 1970) Redžic et Barudanovic 2010 Schaminee et al, 2012
Seslerio-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968 Refugial thermophilous beech forests on calcareous bedrocks of Central Europe Buxo-Fago-Abietion Barbero et Quézel 1975 (orig. form); Cephalanthero-Fagion sylvaticae (Tx. in Tx. et Oberd. 1958) Presing in Preising et al. 2003; Cephalanthero-Fagion sylvaticae (Tx. in Tx. et Oberd. 1958) Rameau in Royer et al. 2006; Cephalanthero-Fagion sylvaticae Tx. 1955; Eu-Mercuriali-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Eu-Mercuriali-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Mercuriali-Fagion sylvaticae G. Hofmann in Passarge 1968; Mercuriali-Fagion sylvaticae G. Hofmann in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Seslerio albicantis-Mercurialion perennis Gillet 1986; Seslerio-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Sorbo torminalis-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Sorbo torminalis-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968 Schaminee et al, 2012
Ilici-Fagion sylvaticae Br.-Bl. 1967 Acidophilous beech forests of northern Iberian Peninsula Schaminee et al, 2012
Fagion orientalis Soó 1964 Mesic oriental beech forests on basic soils of southeastern Balkan Peninsula, Crimea, northern Anatolia and Colchis region Dentario quinquefoliae-Fagion Didukh 1996; Carpino-Fagion orientalis Kavgaci et al. 2012; Violo odoratae-Fagion orientalis Kavgaci et al. 2012; Fagion orientalis Korzhenevsky 1962; Fagion orientalis Quézel, Barbero et Akman ex Quézel et al. 1992; Carpino-Fagion orientalis Zohary 1973; Fagion orientalis colchicum Zohary 1973; Fagion orientalis euxinum Zohary 1973; Fagion orientalis Korzhenevsky et Kyselev 1982; Fagion orientalis Quézel et al. 1980; Fagion tauricum Borhidi in Soó 1964; Lauroceraso-Fagion Horvat et al. 1974; Querco-Fagion orientalis Zohary 1973; Rhododendro pontici-Fagion orientalis Horvat et al. 1974; Rhododendro pontici-Fagion orientalis Horvat et al. ex Passarge 1981 Schaminee et al, 2012
Geranio striati-Fagion Gentile 1970 Refugial beech and mixed beech-fir forests of Southern Apennines and southwestern Balkans Campanulo trichocalycinae-Fagion Corbetta et Ubaldi in Ubaldi et al. 1986; Campanulo trrichocalycinae-Fagion Corbetta et Ubaldi in Ubaldi et al. 1990; Campanulo trrichocalycinae-Fagion Ubaldi ex S. Brullo et al. 2001; Aquifolio-Fagion Corbetta et Ubaldi in Ubaldi et al. 1986 (orig. form); Fagion mediterraneo-montanum A. Hofmann 1960; Fagion meridionale Bonin 1968; Geranio versicoloris-Fagion Gentile 1970 nom. mut. propos.; Fagion austro-italicum Soó 1964; Fagion hellenicum Quézel 1967; Aremonio-Fagion Gentile 1963; Doronico orientalis-Fagion sylvaticae Ubaldi et al. 1990; Doronico orientalis-Fagion sylvaticae Ubaldi et al. ex Ubaldi 1995; Fagion mediterraneo-montanum Br.-Bl. 1960; Lamio flexuosi-Fagion Gentile 1969 Schaminee et al, 2012
Endymio non-scripti-Fagion Dierschke (1989) 1998 Beech forests of British Isles and Atlantic seaboards of Western Europe Schaminee et al, 2012
Scillo lilio-hyacinthi-Fagion Br.-Bl. 1967 Refugial beech and mixed beech-fir forests of Pyrenees and Cantabrian region Scillo-Fagion Soo 1964 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 41.1 Beech forests same
CORINE Land Cover 3.1.1. Broad-leaved forest n/a
BEAR Forest Types for Biodiversity Assessment 12 Lowland and submontane beech forests narrower
BEAR Forest Types for Biodiversity Assessment 13 Montane beech and mixed beech-fir-spruce forest narrower
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 A111 Woodland: broadleaved, semi-natural overlap
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 6.2 Hêtraies same
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 2113000 Bukové a zmiešané bukové lesy n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types
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