Thermophilous deciduous woodland

English name: Thermophilous deciduous woodland

Description (English)

Forests or woods of submediterranean climate regions and supramediterranean altitudinal levels, and of western Eurasian steppe and substeppe zones, dominated by deciduous or semideciduous thermophilous Quercus species or by other southern trees such as Carpinus orientalis, Castanea sativa or Ostrya carpinifolia. Thermophilous deciduous trees may, under local microclimatic or edaphic conditions, replace the evergreen oak forests in mesomediterranean or thermomediterranean areas, and occur locally to the north in central and western Europe.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code G1.7
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Quercion pubescenti-petraeae Br.-Bl. 1932 nom. mut. Central European calciphilous thermophilous oak forests Quercion pubescenti-sessiliflorae Br.-Bl. 1932; Aceri opali-Quercion lanuginosae Gillet 1986; Carici montanae-Quercion Foerster 1968; Dictamno-Sorbion Knapp 1942; Eu-Quercion pubescentis Klika 1957; Genisto tinctoriae-Quercion petraeae-roboris Forster 1968; Quercion pubescentis Br.-Bl. 1931; Quercion pubescentis Br.-Bl. ex Klika 1937; Trifolio-Quercion petraeae-roboris Forster 1968; Buxo-Quercion pubescentis Zólyomi et Jakucs 1957; Fruticiquercion pubescentis Rübel 1933 (orig. form); Quercion petraeae Zólyomi et Jakucs 1957; Quercion petraeae Zólyomi et Jakucs ex Jakucs 1960; Quercion cerridis Lakušic 1976; Buxo-Quercion pubescentis Jakucs 1960; Dictamno-Sorbion Knapp ex Jakucs 1960; Quercion humili-petraeae Br.-Bl. 1932 nom. mut. propos.; Quercion lanuginosae-sessiliflorae Br.-Bl. 1930 (sensu Klika 1935); Quercion pubescenti-sessiliflorae Br.-Bl. 1931 Schaminee et al, 2012
Crataego laevigati-Quercion cerridis Arrigoni 1997 Submediterranean acidophilous thermophilous oak forests of southern Italy Lathyro montani-Quercion cerridis Scoppola et Filesi 1990; Lathyro montani-Quercion cerridis Scoppola et Filesi 1995; Lathyro montani-Quercion cerridis Scoppola et Filesi 1998; Lonicero etruscae-Quercion pubescentis Arrigoni et Foggi 1988; Lonicero etruscae-Quercion pubescentis Arrigoni et Foggi ex Arrigoni et al.1990; Mespilo-Carpinion betuli Ubaldi 2003; Quercion cerridis Avena et Bruno 1975; Teucrio siculi-Quercion cerridis Ubaldi 2003; Teucrio siculi-Quercion cerridis Ubaldi et al. 1987 Schaminee et al, 2012
Carpino orientalis-Quercion pubescentis Korzhenevsky et Shelyag-Sosonko 1983 Crimean thermophilous oak forests on deep brown forest soils in mesic habitats over limestone Schaminee et al, 2012
Quercion petraeae Issler 1931 Central European acidophilous thermophilous oak forests Dactylido-Quercion Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Veronico officinalis-Quercion Pop 1971; Veronico officinalis-Quercion Pop ex Resmerita 1975; Potentillo albae-Quercion petraeae Jakucs in Zólyomi 1967; Querco-Carpinion betuli (Klika 1957) A.O. Horvát 1976; Euphorbio-Quercion G. Hofmann in Passarge 1968; Euphorbio-Quercion G. Hofmann in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Peucedano-Quercion G. Hofmann in Passarge 1968; Peucedano-Quercion G. Hofmann in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Sileno-Quercion G. Hofmann in Passarge 1968 Schaminee et al, 2012
Convallario majalis-Quercion roboris Shevchyk et Solomakha in Shevchyk et al. 1996 Acidophilous oak forests on gleyic podzolized soils of Ukraine Schaminee et al, 2012
Quercion petraeae-cerridis Lakušic et Jovanovic in B. Jovanovic ex Carni et Mucina 2013 Oak woods of submontane and montane belts of central Balkans Quercion petraeae-cerridis Lakušic et B. Jovanovic in B. Jovanovic et al. ex Carni et al. 2009; Quercion cerris-macedonicae Horvat 1938; Quercion petraeae-cerridis Lakušic et B. Jovanovic in B. Jovanovic et al. 1980 Schaminee et al, 2012
Carpino betuli–Quercion petraeae Grebenshchikov et al. 1990 Caucasian xero-mesic forests with Quercus petraea, Carpinus betulus and Acer laetum on brown forest soils over limestone Schaminee et al, 2012
Pino calabricae-Quercion congestae S. Brullo et al. 1999 Siculo-Calabrian supramediterranean pine-oak forests Festuco exaltatae-Quercion humilis Ubaldi 2003 Schaminee et al, 2012
Quercion macrolepidis Zohary ex Di Pietro, Mucina et Bergmeier 2013 Thermo- and mesomediterranean deciduous oak forests of Aegean and southern Anatolian regions Quercion macrolepidis Zohary 1973 Schaminee et al, 2012
Aceri granatensis-Quercion fagineae (Rivas Goday, Rigual et Rivas-Mart. in Rivas Goday et al. 1960) Rivas-Mart. 1987 Thermo-supramediterranean and submediterranean mesophytic oak and maple forests of Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands Schaminee et al, 2012
Junipero excelsae-Quercion pubescentis Jakucs 1960 Thermophilous pseudomaquis replacing oak forests of Crimea Schaminee et al, 2012
Erythronio-Quercion petraeae Ubaldi et al. 1988 Chestnut and oak woods on neutral and acidic flysch and volcanic substrates of northern Italy Schaminee et al, 2012
Aceri tatarici-Quercion Zólyomi 1957 Xerophilous oak forests of deep soil in Pontic-Pannonian region Quercion pedunculiflorae Doltu, Popescu et Sanda 1980; Quercion pedunculiflorae Popescu et al. 1979; Aceri tatarici-Quercion Zólyomi et Jakucs 1957 Schaminee et al, 2012
Fraxino orni-Ostryion Tomažic 1940 Amphiadriatic and southern Balcanic thermophilous oak hop hornbeam forests on calcareous substrates Campanulo-Ostryion Ubaldi 1986; Carpinion orientalis Horvat 1958; Cytiso-Quercion pubescentis Ubaldi 1980; Laburno-Ostryion Ubaldi 1980; Lauro nobilis-Quercion pubescentis Ubaldi 1988; Ostryo-Carpinion adriaticum Horvat 1959; Ostryo-Carpinion aegaeicum Horvat 1959; Querco-Carpinion orientalis Csurös et al. 1968; Carpinion orientalis Blecic et Lakušic 1966; Carpinion orientalis Lakušic et al. 1982; Seslerio-Ostryoin (Tomažic 1940) Lakušic et al. 1982; Carpinion orientalis Horvat 1954; Carpinion orientalis Horvat 1959; Laburno-Ostryion Ubaldi 1995; Orneto-Ostryon Tomažic 1940 (orig. form); Ostryo-Carpinion orientalis Horvat 1954; Ostryo-Carpinion orientalis Horvat 1959; Ostryo-Fraxinion orni de Foucault et Julve 1991 Schaminee et al, 2012
Elytrigio nodosae-Quercion pubescentis Didukh 1996 Crimean thermophilous oak forests on deep dry soils on south-facing slopes over limestone Schaminee et al, 2012
Quercion confertae Horvat 1958 Thermophilous deciduous oak forests on deeper, slightly acid soils of Balkans, northern Greece and southern Italy Quercion confertae Horvat 1954; Quercion frainetto Horvat 1958 nom. mut. propos.; Quercion frainetto-cerridis Horvat 1959; Melitto albidae-Quercion frainetto Barbero et al. in Barbero et Quézel 1976; Melitto albidae-Quercion frainetto Barbero et al. in Barbero et Quézel ex Quézel et al. 1992; Quercion confertae-cerridis Horvat 1959 nom. mut. propos.; Quercion farnetto Horvat 1954 nom. mut. propos. (orig., see Jakucs 1960: 283) Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 41.7 Thermophilous and supra-Mediterranean oak woods same
CORINE Land Cover 3.1.1. Broad-leaved forest n/a
BEAR Forest Types for Biodiversity Assessment 14 Mediterranean and Submediterranean mixed oak forest narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 6.3.4 Chênaie buissonnante narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 6.3.5 Ostryaie buissonnante du sud des Alpes narrower
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 2114300 Dubové subxerotermofilné a borovicové xerofilné lesy n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.7 Thermophilous deciduous woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.7 Thermophilous deciduous woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.7 Thermophilous deciduous woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.7 Thermophilous deciduous woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.7 Thermophilous deciduous Quercus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G1.92 Thermophilous and supra-Mediterranean oak woodland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 41.7 Thermophilous and supra-Mediterranean oak woods same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 41.7 Thermophilous and supra-Mediterranean oak woods same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 41.7   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 41.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 41.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 41.7   same
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