Pinus nigra woodland

English name: Black pine (Pinus nigra) woodland

Description (English)

Forests dominated by pines of the Pinus nigra group.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code G3.5
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Abietion cephalonicae Horvat et al. 1974 Hellenic fir and black pine montane forests Abietion borisii-regis Em 1985; Abietion borisii-regis Em in B. Jovanovic et al. 1986; Abieti cephalonicae-Pinion pallasianae Barbero et Quézel ex Quézel et al. 1992 Schaminee et al, 2012
Berberido aetnensis-Pinion laricionis (S. Brullo et al. 2001) Mucina et Theurillat nom. nov. hoc loco Acidophilous Pinus nigra subsp. laricio woodlands in supra-mediterranean belt of mountains of Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily and Calabria Berberidion aetnensis S. Brullo et al. 2001; Pinion calabricae S. Brullo et Spampinato 1999; Pinion calabricae S. Brullo et Spampinato in S. Brullo et al. 2001; Pinion laricionis Mayer 1984; Pinion nigrae-laricionis Mayer 1984 Schaminee et al, 2012
Fraxino orni-Pinion nigrae Em 1978 Relic forests of Pinus nigra on calcareous substrates of central and southern Balkans Fraxino orni-Pinion pallasianae Em 1978 corr. Milosavljevic et al. 2008; Orno-Pinion Em 1978 (orig. form); Pinion austroillyricum P. Fukarek 1969; Pinion nigrae Lakušic 1972; Pinion nigrae Lakušic 1976 Schaminee et al, 2012
Junipero sabinae-Pinion sylvestris Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday et Borja 1961 nom. invers. propos. Calcicolous oroiberian supra- to oromediterranean and supratemperate submediterranean pine forests Pino sylvestris-Juniperion sabinae Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday et Borja 1961; Juniperion sabinae-Pinion sylvestris Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday et Borja 1961 nom. invers. propos.; Seslerio-Pinion uncinatae Vigo 1974; Pino ibericae-Juniperion sabinae Rivas Goday ex Rivas Goday et Borja 1961 corr. Rivas-Mart. et J.A. Molina in Rivas-Mart., Fernández-González et Loidi 1999 Schaminee et al, 2012
Juniperion thuriferae Rivas-Mart. 1969 Calcicolous Iberian meso-supramediterranean and supratemperate submediterranean juniper wodlands Schaminee et al, 2012
Erico-Fraxinion orni Horvat 1959 nom. invers. propos. Relict forests of Pinus sylvestris on dolomite and ultramafic substrates of Dinarides Orno-Ericion dolomiticum Horvat 1959 (orig. form); Orno-Ericion serpentinicum Horvat 1959 (orig. form); Fraxino orni-Ericion Horvat 1959 (orig. form); Fraxino orni-Quercion dalechampii (Horvat 1963) Tomic´ 2004; Pinion austriacae Horvat 1959 (sensu Redžic et al. 2011) Schaminee et al, 2012
Chamaecytiso hirsuti-Pinion pallasianae Barbero et Quézel ex Quézel 1992 Relict forests of Pinus nigra on calcareous, dolomitic and ophiolithic rocky slopes of southern Balkans Pino-Chamaecytision Athanasiadis et al. 1992; Pino pallasianae-Chamaecytision hirsuti Barbero et Quézel 1976 Schaminee et al, 2012
Querco-Cedrion libani Barbero et al. 1974 Supra- and oromediterranean coniferous woodlands of Cyprus Schaminee et al, 2012
Pinion pallasianae Korzhenevsky 1998 Relict pine forests on Jurrasic limestones of southern Crimean mountains Carici humilis-Pinion kochianae Didukh 2001; Brachypodio rupestris-Pinion pallasianae Didukh 2003; Pinion kochianae Korzhenevsky 1986; Carici humilis-Pinion kochianae Didukh 2003; Pinion pallasianae Golubiev et Korzhenevsky 1984 Schaminee et al, 2012
Berberido creticae-Juniperion foetidissimae S. Brullo et al. 2001 Silicicolous montane pine and juniper woodlenads and related scrub of continental Hellas, Cyprus, Anatolia and Lebanon Junipero-Dafnion Dafis 1973; Cephalorrhyncho cyprici-Pinion pallasianae Barbéro et Quézel ex Quézel et al. 1992; Cephalorrhyncho cyprici-Pinion pallasianae Barbéro et Quézel 1979 Schaminee et al, 2012
Erico carneae-Pinion Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1939 nom. invers. propos. Relict forests of Pinus sylvestris on calcareous substrates of Alps, northern Dinarides and Massif Central Pino-Ericion carneae Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1939; Carici-Pinion sylvestris G. Hofmann in Passarge 1968; Cephalanthero rubrae-Pinion sylvestris Vanden Bergen 1963; Chamaebuxo-Pinion Wendelberger 1963; Epipactido muelleri-Pinion sylvestris Royer in Royer et al. 2006; Epipactido-Pinion sylvestris Passarge 1968; Pinion sylvestris calcicolum Aichinger 1933; Seslerio-Piceion Passarge 1978; Piceion omorikae Tregubov 1941; Molinio litoralis-Pinion sylvestris Ellenberg et Klötzli 1972; Molinio-Pinion sylvestris Ellenberg et Klötzli ex Theurillat in Theurillat et Béguin 1985; Pinion sylvestris (Aichinger 1933) Lakušic 1972; Chamaebuxo-Pinion Wendelberger 1962 (sensu Passarge 1978: 176); Piceion omorikae Tomic et Rakonjac 2011; Pinion salzmanni Br.-Bl. 1931 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Conifers Pinus nigra
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus nigra Conifers

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 42.6 Black pine forests same
CORINE Land Cover 3.1.2. Coniferous forest n/a
BEAR Forest Types for Biodiversity Assessment 16 Mediterranean and Macaronesian coniferous forests, woodlands overlap
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 A121 Woodland: coniferous, semi-natural overlap
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.6 Black pine woodland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.6 Black pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.6 Black pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.6   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.6   same
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