Macaronesian Laurus woodland

English name: Macaronesian laurel woodland

Description (English)

Humid to hyper-humid, mist-bound, luxuriant, evergreen, lauriphyllous forests of the cloud belt of the Macaronesian islands, extremely rich in floral and faunal species, among which many are restricted to these communities. Genera such as Picconia, Semele, Gesnouinia, Lactucosonchus, Ixanthus are entirely endemic to these communities, while others, such as Isoplexis, Visnea and Phyllis reach in them their maximum development; in addition, each of the formations of the various archipelagoes harbours distinctive endemic species. Laurel forests are the most complex and remarkable relict of the humid sub-tropical vegetation of the Mioceno-Pliocene late Tertiary of southern Europe. Areas of intact forests have been drastically reduced to a level below which the preservation of their elements could not be sustained.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code G2.3
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (G2)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Visneo mocanerae-Apollonion barbujanae Rivas-Mart. in Capelo et al. 2000 Macaronesian subhumid-arid thermophilous submesophytic laurisilva forests Schaminee et al, 2012
Culcito macrocarpae-Juniperion brevifoliae Lüpnitz 1975 Azorean infra- to supratemperate humid laurisilva forests and ericaceous mantle and seral heath Juniperion brevifoliae Sjögren 1973 Schaminee et al, 2012
Myrico fayae-Pittosporion undulati Lüpnitz 1976 Azorean low-altitude thermotemperate laurisilva forests Pittosporo undulati-Myricion fayae Lüpnitz 1976 nom. invers. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Ixantho viscosae-Laurion azoricae Oberd. ex Santos in Rivas-Mart. et al. 1977 Canarian infra-thermomediterranean subhumid-humid hyperoceanic laurisilva forests Ixantho viscosae-Laurion novocanariensis Oberd. ex Santos in Rivas-Mart. et al. 1977 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 2001; Ixantho viscosae-Laurion novocanariensis Oberd. ex Santos in Rivas-Mart. et al. 1977 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002; Laurion macaronesicum Rübel 1930; Laurion macaronesicum Rübel ex Oberd. 1965 Schaminee et al, 2012
Dryopterido azoricae-Laurion azoricae Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002 Azorean meso-supratemperate humid laurisilva forests Dryopterido azoricae-Laurion azoricae Rivas-Mart. et al. 2001; Laurion macaronesicum Lüpnitz 1976 Schaminee et al, 2012
Sibthorpio peregrinae-Clethrion arboreae Capelo et al. 2000 Madeirean subhumid-humid hyperoceanic laurisilva forests Clethro-Laurion Sjögren 1972 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 45.6 Macaronesian laurel forests same
CORINE Land Cover 3.1.1. Broad-leaved forest n/a
BEAR Forest Types for Biodiversity Assessment 25 Laurel forest wider
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.3 Macaronesian Laurus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.3 Macaronesian Laurus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G2.3 Macaronesian Laurus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G2.3 Macaronesian Laurus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G2.3 Macaronesian Laurus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G2.3 Macaronesian laurel woodland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 45.6 Macaronesian laurel forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 45.6 Macaronesian laurel forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 45.6   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 45.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 45.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 45.6   same
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