Ilex aquifolium woods

English name: Holly woods

Description (English)

Woods dominated by tall arborescent Ilex aquifolium. They occur in the supra-Mediterranean level of Sardinia and Corsica and in Atlantic mountains of northwestern Spain, mostly as a facies of relict yew-holly forests G3.9. Other scattered occurrences exist in the nemoral zone of western Europe, as facies of beech forest G1.6 or acidophilous oak forest G1.8.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code G2.6
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (G2)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Fraxino orni-Quercion ilicis Biondi et al. ex Biondi, Casavecchia et Gigante 2013 Evergreen and semideciduous calciphilous kermes oak forests of Central Mediterranean Fraxino orni-Quercion ilicis Biondi et al. 2003; Quercion ilicis Br.-Bl. ex Horvatic 1934 Schaminee et al, 2012
Fagion sylvaticae Luquet 1926 Post-glacial beech and mixed beech-fir forests of western Central and northern Europe Asperulo-Fagion Knapp 1942; Asperulo-Fagion Tx. 1955; Fraxino excelsioris-Fagion sylvaticae Hofmann et Passarge 1963; Eu-Fagion Klika in Klika et Novák 1941; Eu-Fagion medioeuropaeum Soó 1960; Fagion medio-europaeum Soó 1962; Abieti albae-Fagion sylvaticae Gillet 1986; Antherico-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Asperulo-Fagion Knapp in Tx. et Oberd. 1958; Dentario-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Eu-Asperulo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Eu-Fraxino-Fagion sylvaticae Passrage 1968; Galio odorati-Fagion Knapp ex Tx. et Oberd. 1958 nom. mut. propos.; Galio-Fagion sylvaticae Moor 1978; Impatienti-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Petasito-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Rumici arifolii-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968 Schaminee et al, 2012
Carpinion betuli Issler 1931 Oak-hornbeam forests of Western and Central Europe, northern Balkans and western part of Eastern Europe Aceri campestris-Carpinion betuli Gillet 1986; Aceri campestris-Carpinion betuli Gillet ex Julve 1993; Bromo-Carpinion betuli Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Carpinion betuli (Tx. 1936) Oberd. 1953; Carpinion-(Fagion) Mayer 1937 (orig. form); Dactylido-Carpinion betuli Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Eu-Carpinion Scamoni et Passarge 1959; Fraxino-Carpinion Tx. 1937; Lathyro hallersteinii-Carpinion Boscaiu 1974; Melampyro-Carpinion betuli Passarge 1968; Querco-Carpinion betuli Rameau 1996; Querco-Fagion Rameau 1997; Stachyo-Carpinion betuli Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Stellario-Carpinion betuli Passarge 1968; Carpinion dacicum Soó 1964; Lonicero periclymeni-Carpinion (S. Müller 1978) Julve 1988; Mercuriali-Carpinion S. Müller ex Julve 1988; Bromo-Carpinion betuli Passarge 1968; Dactylido-Carpinion betuli Passarge 1968; Galio-Carpinion (Oberd. 1957) Kissling 1983; Luzulion luzuloidis Julve 1993; Melampyro-Carpinion betuli Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Polytricho-Carpinion betuli Passarge 1968; Polytricho-Carpinion betuli Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Pulmonario-Carpinion (Oberd. 1957) Kissling 1983; Stachyo-Carpinion betuli Passarge 1968; Stellario-Carpinion betuli Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Tilio cordatae-Carpinion (Oberd. 1957) Kissling 1983 Schaminee et al, 2012
Luzulo-Fagion sylvaticae Lohmeyer et Tx. in Tx. 1954 Acidophilous beech forests of Western, Central and southeastern Europe Eu-Luzulo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Fagion moesiacum P. Fukarek 1969; Maianthemo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Melampyro-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Molinio-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Molinio-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Myrtillo-Fagion sylvaticae G. Hofmann et Passarge in Scamoni 1963 (orig. form); Myrtillo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968 (orig. form); Deschampsio-Fagion sylvaticae Soó 1962; Deschampsio-Fagion sylvaticae Soó 1964; Deschampsio-Fagion sylvaticae Soó 1971; Dicrano-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Eu-Luzulo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Eu-Myrtillo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968 (orig. form); Eu-Myrtillo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968 (orig. form); Maianthemo-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Melampyro-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968; Polygonato verticillati-Fagion sylvaticae Passarge 1968 Schaminee et al, 2012
Molinio-Quercion roboris Scamoni et Passarge 1959 Northern temperate atlantic and subatlantic acidophilous oak forests on gleyic soils of Western Europe Molinio-Quercion petraeae Passarge 1968; Molinio-Quercion roboris Passarge 1968; Dicrano-Quercion Passarge in Scamoni 1963; Dicrano-Quercion petraeae Passarge 1968; Dicrano-Quercion roboris Passarge 1968; Genisto germanicae-Quercion roboris Neuhäusl et Neuhäuslová-Novotná 1967; Lysimachio vulgaris-Quercion roboris Passarge 1968; Lysimachio vulgaris-Quercion roboris Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Melampyro-Quercion petraeae Passarge 1968; Melampyro-Quercion petraeae Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Melampyro-Quercion roboris Passarge 1968; Melampyro-Quercion roboris Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968 Schaminee et al, 2012
Quercion roboris Malcuit 1929 Southern temperate atlantic and subatlantic acidophilous oak and oak-birch forests on gleic soils of Western Europe Betulo pendulae-Quercion petraeae Gillet 1986; Quercion roboris acidiphilum Schmid 1936; Hieracio lachenalii-Quercion petraeae Pallas 1996; Quercion robori-petraeae Br.-Bl. 1932 nom. mut. propos.; Quercion robori-sessiliflorae Br.-Bl. 1931; Quercion robori-sessiliflorae Br.-Bl. 1932; Quercion sessiliflorae Issler 1931 Schaminee et al, 2012
Pulmonario longifoliae-Quercion roboris Rivas-Mart. et Izco in Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002 Oceanic orocantabrian-pyreneean oak forests on gleyic soils of northern Iberian Peninsula Pulmonario longifoliae-Quercion roboris Rivas-Mart. et al. 2001; Dryopterido affinis-Fraxinion excelsioris (Vanden Berghen 1969) Boeuf et al. 2011; Polysticho setiferi-Fraxinion excelsioris Ge´hu 2007; Polysticho setiferi-Fraxinion excelsioris Rameau ex Royer et al. 2006; Polysticho setiferi-Quercion roboris Ge´hu 2007; Polysticho-Corylion (Vanden Berghen 1969) Ge´hu et Ge´hu-Franck 1988; Polysticho-Fraxinion (O. de Bolo`s 1973) Rameau 1996 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 45.8 Western Palaearctic holly woods same
CORINE Land Cover 3.1.1. Broad-leaved forest n/a
BEAR Forest Types for Biodiversity Assessment ? Not found in FTBA classification not defined
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 6.3.8 Forêt à sous-bois laurifolié wider
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.6 Ilex aquifolium woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.6 Ilex aquifolium woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G2.6 Ilex aquifolium woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G2.6 Ilex aquifolium woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G2.6 Ilex aquifolium woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G2.6 Holly woods same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 45.8 Western Palaearctic holly woods same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 45.8 Western Palaearctic holly woods same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 45.8   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 45.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 45.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 45.8   same
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