Blanket bogs

English name: Blanket bogs

Description (English)

The mire surface and underlying peat of ombrotrophic peatlands, formed on flat or gently sloping ground with poor surface drainage, in oceanic climates with high rainfall. The mire surface may on flatter ground be very similar to that of a raised bog, with a complex of small pools and terrestrial hummocks. In the strictest sense, blanket bogs are a habitat endemic to northwestern Europe, characteristic of the western and northern British Isles, the Faeroe Islands and the western seaboard of Scandinavia. They often cover extensive areas with local topographic features supporting distinct communities. Sphagna (Sphagnum papillosum, Sphagnum tenellum, Sphagnum compactum, Sphagnum magellanicum, Sphagnum rubellum, Sphagnum fuscum) play an important role in all of them, accompanied by Narthecium ossifragum, Molinia caerulea, Scirpus cespitosus, Schoenus nigricans, Eriophorum angustifolium, Eriophorum vaginatum and Calluna vulgaris. Blanket bog complexes (X28) include dystrophic pools (C1.4) and acidic flushes (D2.2) as well as the mire surface (D1.2).

EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code D1.2
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Ericion tetralicis Schwickerath 1933 Moist peaty heathlands on gley and podsolic soils within oceanic areas in Western and Central Europe Calluno-Sphagnion papillosi Tx. in Tx. et al. 1972; Narthecion ossifragi Vanden Berghen 1958; Scirpion caespitosi Oberd. 1957; Trichophoro-Ericion tetralicis (Schwickerath 1933) Duvigneaud 1947; Ulici-Ericion tetralicis (Schwickerath 1933) Tx. 1937; Droserion longifoliae Julve 1992; Erico mackaianae-Sphagnion papillosi (Fernández Prieto et al. 1987) Rivas-Mart. et al.1999 Schaminee et al, 2012
Oxycocco-Ericion tetralicis Nordhagen ex Tx. 1937 Oligotrophic vegetation on bogs and acidic fens in oceanic and suboceanic regions of Europe Calluno-Sphagnion papillosi (Schwickerath 1933) Tx. in Tx. et al. 1972; Carici-Sphagnion papillosi Malmer 1964; Erico-Sphagnion papillosi Moore 1968; Oxycocco-Ericion tetralicis Nordhagen 1936; Sphagnion europaei Schwickerath 1940 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 52 Blanket bogs same
CORINE Land Cover 4.1.2. Peatbogs n/a
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 E161 Bog: blanket same
Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Habitats (UK) 21 Blanket bog same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100