EUNIS habitat classification 2012 > D - Mires, bogs and fens > D4 - Base-rich fens and calcareous spring mires > D4.2 - Basic mountain flushes and streamsides, with a rich arctic-montane flora

Basic mountain flushes and streamsides, with a rich arctic-montane flora

English name: Basic mountain flushes and streamsides, with a rich arctic-montane flora

Description (English)

Rare Alpine, peri-Alpine, northern British and periarctic pioneer communities colonizing gravelly, sandy, stony, sometimes somewhat argilous or peaty, calcareous sedimentary substrates soaked by cold water, in moraines and on the edge of springs, rivulets, glacial torrents of the alpine or subalpine levels, or on alluvial sands of pure, cold, slow-flowing rivers and calm backwaters. The highly characteristic constituents, with a boreoarctic or glacial relict distribution, are Carex bicolor, Carex microglochin, Carex maritima, Carex atrofusca, Carex vaginata, Kobresia simpliciuscula, Scirpus pumilus, Juncus arcticus, Juncus alpinoarticulatus, Juncus castaneus, Juncus triglumis, Typha minima, Typha lugdunensis, Typha shuttleworthii, Tofieldia pusilla; they are often accompanied by Carex davalliana, Carex dioica, Carex capillaris, Carex panicea, Carex nigra, Blysmus compressus, Eleocharis quinqueflora, Scirpus cespitosus, Primula farinosa, Equisetum variegatum, Drepanocladus intermedius, Campylium stellatum.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code D4.2
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Caricion davallianae Klika 1934 Small-sedge rich-fen vegetation of calcareous oligotrophic flushes, soligenous mires and dune slacks at low altitudes of Europe Baeothryion alpini Julve 1993; Caricion paradoxae Vicherek 1958; Caricion pulchello-trinervis de Foucault 1984; Caricion pulchello-trinervis de Foucault ex Julve 1989; Caricion viridulae ssp. viridulae var. pulchello-trinervis (de Foucault 1984) Julve 1989; Eleocharition pauciflorae Passarge 1964; Eleocharition quinqueflorae Passarge 1968 or 1978; Epipactido-Schoenion ferruginei (Klika 1934) Duvigneaud 1949; Eriophorion latifolii Br.-Bl. et Tx. 1943; Hydrocotylo vulgaris-Schoenion nigricantis de Foucault 1984; Hydrocotylo vulgaris-Schoenion nigricantis de Foucault 2009; Schoenion continentale Pignatti 1953; Schoenion ferruginei Nordhagen 1936; Scorpidion Du Rietz 1949; Caricion incurvae Br.-Bl. in Volk 1940; Caricion maritimae Br.-Bl. in Volk 1940 nom. mut. propos.; Eriophorion latifolii Br.-Bl. et Tx. ex SoĆ³ 1947; Schoenion ferruginei Nordhagen 1937 Schaminee et al, 2012
Caricion atrofusco-saxatilis Nordhagen 1943 Small-sedge calcareous fens of Alps and European Arctic Caricion atrofuscae Nordhagen 1935; Caricion bicoloris Nordhagen 1935; Caricion bicoloris-atrofuscae Nordhagen 1936 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Blysmus compressus
Mosses & Liverworts Campylium stellatum
Flowering Plants Carex atrofusca
Flowering Plants Carex bicolor
Flowering Plants Carex capillaris
Flowering Plants Carex davalliana
Flowering Plants Carex dioica
Flowering Plants Carex maritima
Flowering Plants Carex microglochin
Flowering Plants Carex nigra
Flowering Plants Carex panicea
Flowering Plants Carex vaginata
Mosses & Liverworts Drepanocladus intermedius
Flowering Plants Eleocharis quinqueflora
Ferns Equisetum variegatum
Flowering Plants Juncus alpinoarticulatus
Flowering Plants Juncus arcticus
Flowering Plants Juncus castaneus
Flowering Plants Juncus triglumis
Flowering Plants Kobresia simpliciuscula
Flowering Plants Primula farinosa
Flowering Plants Scirpus cespitosus
Flowering Plants Scirpus pumilus
Flowering Plants Tofieldia pusilla
Flowering Plants Typha lugdunensis
Flowering Plants Typha minima
Flowering Plants Typha shuttleworthii
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Blysmus compressus Flowering Plants
Campylium stellatum Mosses & Liverworts
Carex atrofusca Flowering Plants
Carex bicolor Flowering Plants
Carex capillaris Flowering Plants
Carex davalliana Flowering Plants
Carex dioica Flowering Plants
Carex maritima Flowering Plants
Carex microglochin Flowering Plants
Carex nigra Flowering Plants
Carex panicea Flowering Plants
Carex vaginata Flowering Plants
Drepanocladus intermedius Mosses & Liverworts
Eleocharis quinqueflora Flowering Plants
Equisetum variegatum Ferns
Juncus alpinoarticulatus Flowering Plants
Juncus arcticus Flowering Plants
Juncus castaneus Flowering Plants
Juncus triglumis Flowering Plants
Kobresia simpliciuscula Flowering Plants
Primula farinosa Flowering Plants
Scirpus cespitosus Flowering Plants
Scirpus pumilus Flowering Plants
Tofieldia pusilla Flowering Plants
Typha lugdunensis Flowering Plants
Typha minima Flowering Plants
Typha shuttleworthii Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 54.3 Arctoalpine riverine swards same
CORINE Land Cover 4.1.1. Inland marshes n/a
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 E22 Flush and spring: basic overlap
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 2.2.5 Groupement pionnier des bords de torrents alpins same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 D4.2 Basic mountain flushes and streamsides, with a rich arctic-montane flora same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 D4.2 Basic mountain flushes and streamsides, with a rich arctic-montane flora same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 D4.2 Basic mountain flushes and streamsides, with a rich arctic-montane flora same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 D4.2 Basic mountain flushes and streamsides, with a rich arctic-montane flora same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 D4.2 Basic mountain flushes and streamsides, with a rich arctic-montane flora same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 D4.2 Basic mountain flushes and streamsides, with a rich arctic-montane flora same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 54.3 Arctoalpine riverine swards same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 54.3 Arctoalpine riverine swards same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 54.3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 54.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 54.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 54.3   same
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