Mediterranean inland salt steppes

English name: Mediterranean inland salt steppes

Description (English)

Vegetated saline land of Mediterranean coastal regions and of the fringes of semiarid salt basins that lack drainage to the sea; often dominated by perennial, rosette-forming Limonium spp. or esparto grass, Lygeum spartum. The soils are temporarily permeated (though not inundated) by saline water and subject to extreme summer drying, with formation of salt efflorescences.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E6.1
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Pholiuro-Spergularion Pignatti 1952 Ephemeral halo-tolerant vegetation on fine-grained soils of Central and Eastern Mediterranean seaboards Limonion avei Barbagallo et al. 1984; Limonion avei S. Brullo 1988; Limonion echioidis S. Brullo 1988 corr. Bergmeier in Bergmeier et Dimopoulos 2003 Schaminee et al, 2012
Halo-Artemision Pignatti 1953 Apenninian saline steppic vegetation on heavy clayey badland soils Halo-Agropyrion (Pignatti 1953) Ferrari et Speranza 1975; Parapholido-Podospermion cani Ferrari et Gerdol 1987; Podospermo laciniati-Elytrigion athericae Pirone 1995 Schaminee et al, 2012
Atraphaxo-Capparidion Korzhenevsky 1992 Communities of Crimean seaside badlands Atraphaxo-Capparidion Korzhenevsky 1988 Schaminee et al, 2012
Puccinellion lagascanae Rivas-Mart. in Rivas-Mart. et Costa 1976 corr. Alonso et De la Torre 2004 Iberian relict saline grasslands on edges of continental inland salt marshes Puccinellion caespitosae Rivas-Mart. in Rivas-Mart. et Costa 1976 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 2001; Puccinellion caespitosae Rivas-Mart. in Rivas-Mart. et Costa 1976 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002; Puccinellion fasciculatae Rivas-Mart. 1976; Puccinellion fasciculatae Rivas-Mart. in Rivas-Mart. et Costa 1976; Puccinellion tenuifoliae Rivas-Mart. in Rivas-Mart. et Costa 1976 corr. Rivas-Mart. 1984 Schaminee et al, 2012
Polypogonion subspathacei Gamisans 1990 Ephemeral vegetation of clayey saline soils of Corsica and Sardinia Polypogonion subspathacei Gamisans in Gamisans et Paradis 1992 Schaminee et al, 2012
Heleochloion schoenioidis Br.-Bl. ex Rivas Goday 1956 Pioneer ephemeral dwarf-grass vegetation of periodically flooded saline habitats in (sub)mediterranean regions of Western Europe and North Africa Heleochloion schoenioidis Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1952 Schaminee et al, 2012
Lygeo-Lepidion cardaminis Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. ex Rivas-Mart. et Costa 1984 Mesomediterranean saline vegetation of edges of inland salt pans of Central Spain Lygeo-Lepidion cardaminis Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1963 Schaminee et al, 2012
Lygeo sparti-Limonion furfuracei Rigual 1972 Murcian-Almerian coastal and inland thermo-mesomediterranean semiarid saline dwarf sea-lavender scrub Lygeo-Limonion angustibracteati Alcaraz et al. 1988 Schaminee et al, 2012
Limonion algarvensi-lanceolati Costa et al. 2012 Thermomediterranean Lusitanian- Andalusian upper tidal marsh saline vegetation dominated by rosulate and prostrate chamaephytes Schaminee et al, 2012
Mesembryanthemion nodiflori Géhu et al. 1990 Halo-nitrophilous ephemeral succulent therophyte vegetation of sandy and silty soils of Eastern Mediterranean Schaminee et al, 2012
Limoniastrion monopetali Pignatti 1952 Saline scrub of supratidal non-inundated sandy habitats of western North Africa and Western and Central Mediterranean Frankenion thymifoliae Barbagallo et al. 1990; Limoniastrion monopetali Pignatti 1953; Limonion ferulacei (Pignatti 1952) Beeftink 1968 Schaminee et al, 2012
Puccinellion convolutae Micevski 1965 Macedonian and north Aegean relict saline grasslands of edges of inland salt pans Plantagini coronopodo-Camphorosmion monspeliacae Golub et Karpov in Golub et al. 2005 Schaminee et al, 2012
Frankenion pulverulentae Rivas-Mart. ex Castroviejo et Porta 1976 Ephemeral vegetation of clayey saline soils of Western Mediterranean Frankenion pulverulentae Rivas-Mart. in Rivas-Mart. et Costa 1976; Hordeion marini Ladero et al. 1984 Schaminee et al, 2012
Limonion confusi (Br.-Bl. 1933) Rivas-Mart. et Costa 1984 Thermomediterranean saline dwarf sea-lavender scrub of seaboards of Provence Limonion virgati (Br.-Bl. 1933) Julve 1993; Staticion galloprovincialis Br.-Bl. 1931; Staticion galloprovincialis Br.-Bl. 1933; Eu-Staticion Rothmaler 1943; Limonion galloprovincialis Br.-Bl. 1933 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Limonion catalaunico-viciosoi Rivas-Mart. et Costa 1984 Mesomediterranean saline vegetation of edges of inland salt-pans of Ebro River Basin Schaminee et al, 2012
Gaudinio-Podospermion cani S. Brullo et Siracusa 2000 Ephemeral vegetation of clayey saline soils of Siculo-Calabrian badlands Schaminee et al, 2012
Triglochino barrelieri-Limonion glomerati Biondi et al. 2001 Thermomediterranean saline dwarf sea-lavender scrub of of Sardinia Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 15.8 Mediterranean salt steppes same
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E6.1 Mediterranean inland salt steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E6.1 Mediterranean inland saline grass and herb-dominated habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E6.1 Mediterranean inland saline grass and herb-dominated habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E6.1 Mediterranean inland saline grass and herb-dominated habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E6.1 Mediterranean inland saline grasslands same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B4.2 Inland salt meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 15.8 Mediterranean salt steppes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 15.8 Mediterranean salt steppes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 15.8   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 15.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 15.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 15.18   same
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