Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs

English name: Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs

Description (English)

Dry, calcareous inland cliffs. Specific plant associations colonize montane and Mediterranean cliffs. Most of the subdivisions refer to them. Northern lowland cliffs usually support fragments of other less specialized communities.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code H3.2
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Sedo albi-Seslerion hispanicae Br.-Bl. 1966 Vegetation of calcareous rock faces and crevices in high mountains of northern Spain Saxifragion trifurcato-canaliculatae Rivas-Mart. 1969; Saxifragion trifurcato-canaliculatae Rivas-Mart. ex Rivas-Mart. et al. 1971 Schaminee et al, 2012
Micromerion pulegii Boscaiu (1971) 1979 Vegetation of calcareous rock faces and crevices in montane and supramontane belts of westernmost Southern Carpathians Micromerion banaticum Boscaiu 1971 Schaminee et al, 2012
Polypodion serrati Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1952 Circummediterranean fern-rich epilithic communities of shaded rocks faces and crevices Anogrammion leptophyllae Bellot et Casaseca in Bellot 1968; Asplenio-Sedion Br.-Bl. 1966; Gymnogrammion leptophyllae Bellot et Casaseca in Casaseca 1959; Polypodion Br.-Bl. 1931; Polypodion cambrici Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1952 nom. mut. propos.; Polypodion serrati Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1957; Anomodontion europaeum O. de Bolòs et Masalles 1983; Bartramio-Polypodion serrati O. de Bolòs et Vives in O. de Bolòs 1957; Selaginello denticulatae-Anogrammion leptophyllae Rivas-Mart. et al.1999 Schaminee et al, 2012
Sarcocapnion enneaphyllae Fernandez Casas 1972 Central-east Iberian calcareous chasmophytic communities of open cave floors and rock overhangs Coeno-Sarcocapnion Deil et Galáán de Mera 1996 Schaminee et al, 2012
Calendulo lusitanicae-Antirrhinion linkiani Ladero et al. 1991 Saxicolous communities of calcareous crevices and rock shelves of central and western Portugal Schaminee et al, 2012
Asplenio celtiberici-Saxifragion cuneatae Rivas-Mart. in Loidi et Fernández Prieto 1986 Vegetation of calcareous rock faces and crevices of high-altitude mountain ranges of northern Spain Schaminee et al, 2012
Edraianthion Lakušic 1968 Vegetation of limestone crevices of montane to supramontane belt of Southern Dinarides Edraianthion glisicii Lakušic 1984; Edraianthion jugoslavici Lakušic 1973; Edraianthion jugoslavici Lakušic 1975; Edraianthion jugoslavici Lakušic 1984; Edraianthion serpyllifolii Lakušic 1983; Edraianthion serpyllifolii Lakušic 1984; Edraianthion jugoslavici subalpinae serpentinicum D. Lakušic et V. Randelovic 1996 Schaminee et al, 2012
Saxifragion lingulatae (Rioux et Quézel 1949) Quézel 1950 Vegetation of calcareous rock faces and crevices in high altitudes of Maritime Alps Schaminee et al, 2012
Cosentinio bivalentis-Lafuenteion rotundifoliae Asensi et al. 1990 Thermo-mesomediterranean chasmophytic limestone crevice vegetation of semi-arid southern Spain Poterion ancistroidis Br.-Bl. 1943 (sensu Molina Abril 1994: 87; orig. form); Teucrion fragile Nieto Caldera 1987 Schaminee et al, 2012
Brassicion insularis Gamisans 1991 Thermo-mesomediterranean chasmophytic vegetation of limestone crevices of Cyrno-Sardean region and Pantelleria Schaminee et al, 2012
Saxifragion camposii Cuatrecasas ex Quézel 1953 Vegetation of calcareous rock faces and crevices in high altitudes of Sierra Nevada Saxifragion camposii Cuatrecasas 1929; Saxifragion camposii Cuatrecasas in Melchior et Cuatrecasas 1935 Schaminee et al, 2012
Cymbalario muralis-Asplenion Segal 1969 Fern-rich crevice vegetation of sunny walls of atlantic to subcontinental cool temperate regions of Europe Tortulo-Linarion cymbalariae Westhoff 1966; Linarion cymbalariae Segal 1961 Schaminee et al, 2012
Arenarion bertolonii Gamisans 1991 Calcicolous rupicolous vegetation of Corsican mountains Schaminee et al, 2012
Petromarulo-Centaurion argenteae Horvat in Horvat et al. ex Bergmeier et al. 2011 Chasmophytic vegetation of calcareous cliffs at low and mid-altitudes of western Crete Scutellarion sieberi Zaffran 1990; Petromarulo-Centaurion argenteae Horvat in Horvat et al. 1974 Schaminee et al, 2012
Amphoricarpion neumayeri Lakušic 1968 Limestone crevice communities of subalpine to alpine belts of central and southeastern Dinarides Amphoricarpion autariati Lakušic 1967; Amphoricarpion autariati Lakušic 1968; Amphoricarpion bertiscei Lakušic 1967; Amphoricarpion bertiscei Lakušic 1968; Amphoricarpion neumayeri Lakušic et al. 1977; Amphoricarpion autariati Lakušic 1970; Amphoricarpion bertiscei Lakušic 1970; Amphoricarpion neumayeri Lakušic et al. 1970 Schaminee et al, 2012
Brassico balearicae-Helichrysion rupestris O. de Bolòs et Molinier 1958 Thermo-mesomediterranean chasmophytic vegetation of limestone crevices of Balearic Islands Schaminee et al, 2012
Campanulion velutinae Martínez-Parras et Peinado Lorca 1990 Thermo-mesomediterranean chasmophytic limestone crevice vegetation of southernmost Spain and northern Morocco Campanulion mollis Martínez-Parras et Peinado Lorca 1990 nom. mut. propos.; Saxifragion boissiero-reuteranae Asensi et Díez 1998 Schaminee et al, 2012
Saxifragion australis Biondi et Ballelli ex S. Brullo 1984 Vegetation of calcareous rock faces and crevices in subalpine and alpine belts of Apennines Saxifragion australis Biondi et Ballelli 1982; Saxifragion australis Pedrotti in Pedrotti et Sanesi 1969; Saxifragion australis Biondi et Ballelli ex S. Brullo 1983 Schaminee et al, 2012
Edraiantho graminifolii-Erysimion comati Mucina et al. 1990 Vegetation of sunny calcareous rock faces and crevices in subalpine belt of central Balkans Saxifragion coryophylleae Lakušic et al. 1979 Schaminee et al, 2012
Parietario judaicae-Hyoscyamion aurei S. Brullo et Guarino 1999 Thermomediterranean vegetation of limestone walls of Eastern Mediterranean Schaminee et al, 2012
Arenarion balearicae O. de Bolòs et Molinier 1969 Chomophytic and chasmophyitic herb-rich vegetation of shaded rock faces and crevices of islands of Tyrrhenian Sea Arenarion balearicae O. de Bolòs et Molinier 1958 Schaminee et al, 2012
Asplenion glandulosi Br.-Bl. in Meier et Br.-Bl. 1934 Thermo-mesomediterranean chasmophytic vegetation of limestone crevices of Tyrrhenian continental seaboards Asplenion glandulosi Br.-Bl. 1931; Asplenion petrarchae Br.-Bl. in Meier et Br.-Bl. 1934 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Valeriano longifoliae-Petrocoptidion Fernandez Casas 1972 Pre-Pyrenean submediterranean (sub)montane chasmophytic commiunities of cave openings and rock overhangs shady rock crevices Schaminee et al, 2012
Arenarion creticae Dimopoulos et al. ex Bergmeier 2002 Chasmophytic vegetation calcareous rocky crevices of oromediterranean belt of Crete Arenarion creticae Dimopoulos et al. 1997; Campanulion jacquinii Zaffran 1990; Diosphaerion jacquinii Zaffran 1982 Schaminee et al, 2012
Phyteumato-Saxifragion petraeae Mucina et Theurillat in Mucina et al. 2013 Vegetation of calcareous rock faces and crevices of subalpine and alpine belts of Southern Alps Androsaco-Drabion tomentosae Wraber 1970; Phyteumato-Saxifragion petraeae Mucina in Šilc et Carni 2012 Schaminee et al, 2012
Sarcocapnion pulcherrimae Fernandez Casas 1972 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002 Betic (south Iberian) mediterranean calcareous chasmophytic communities of open cave floors and rock overhangs Sarcocapnion crassifoliae Fernandez Casas 1972; Sarcocapnion pulcherrimae Fernandez Casas 1972 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 2001 Schaminee et al, 2012
Parietario-Galion muralis Rivas-Mart. 1964 Thermomediterranean vegetation of limestone walls of Wstern and Central Mediterranean Parietario judaicae-Centranthion rubri Rivas-Mart. 1960; Linario-Parietarion diffusae Br.-Bl. 1964; Parietario-Centranthion rubri Rivas-Mart. 1969; Parietarion judaicae Segal 1969; Centrantho-Parietarion judaicae Rivas-Mart. 1960 nom. invers. propos.; Galio muralis-Parietarion Rivas Goday 1964 nom. invers. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Asperulion garganicae Bianco et al. 1989 Thermo-mesomediterranean chasmophytic vegetation of limestone cliffs of Monte Gargano (Italy) Asperulion garganicae Bianco et al. 1988 Schaminee et al, 2012
Jasionion foliosae O. de Bolòs 1957 Vegetation of sunny calcareous rock faces and crevices in eastern and southeastern Spain Drabion hispanicae Font Quer 1935 Schaminee et al, 2012
Ramondion nathaliae Horvat ex Simon 1958 Chasmophytic vegetation calcareous rocky crevices of alpine belt of spouth-central Balkan mountain ranges Ramondion nathaliae Horvat 1937 Schaminee et al, 2012
Saxifragion scardicae Dimopoulos et al. 1997 Chasmophytic vegetation calcareous rocky crevices of Mt. Olymbos (Hellas) Schaminee et al, 2012
Capparo-Amaracion tournefortii Horvat in Horvat et al. ex Bergmeier et al. 2011 Chasmophytic vegetation of calcareous cliffs of northern and central Aegean region Capparo-Amaracion Horvat in Horvat et al. 1974 Schaminee et al, 2012
Drabo cuspidatae-Campanulion tauricae Ryff 2000 Chasmophytic vegetation of calcareous cliffs of Crimean mountains Schaminee et al, 2012
Campanulion versicoloris Quézel 1964 Thermo-mesomediterranean chasmophytic vegetation of calcareous rocks of Hellenic Ionian coasts Capparo-Putorion Lovric et Rac 1991 Schaminee et al, 2012
Asterion cretici Zaffran ex Bergmeier et al. 2011 Chasmophytic vegetation of calcareous cliffs at low- and mid-altitudes of eastern Crete Astreion cretici Zaffran 1990 Schaminee et al, 2012
Asplenion serpentini Br.-Bl. et Tx. ex Eggler 1955 Fern-rich vegetation of siliceous rock crevices of ultramafic rocks of Central Europe Asplenion serpentini Br.-Bl. et Tx. 1943; Asplenion cuneifolii Br.-Bl. et Tx. ex Eggler 1955 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Centaureo filiformis-Micromerion cordatae Arrigoni et Di Tommaso 1991 Calcicolous rupicolous vegetation of Sardinian mountains Schaminee et al, 2012
Caro multiflori-Aurinion megalocarpae Terzi et D'Amico 2008 Thermo-mesomediterranean chasmophytic vegetation of limestone crevices of southeastern Italian Adriatic and Ionian coasts Campanulo versicoloris-Dianthion japigici Di Pietro et Wagensommer 2008 Schaminee et al, 2012
Centaureo dalmaticae-Campanulion Horvatic 1934 Thermophilous chasmophytic vegetation of limestone crevices of northern Adriatic coasts Aurinio-Capparion Lovric in Lovric et Rac 1987 Schaminee et al, 2012
Galion degenii Quézel 1967 Chasmophytic vegetation calcareous rocky crevices of Pindos (Hellas) Schaminee et al, 2012
Inulion heterolepidis Horvat in Horvat et al. ex Bergmeier et al. 2011 Chasmophytic vegetation of calcareous cliffs of Dodecanese and Karpathos in southeastern Aegean region Inulion heterolepidis Horvat in Horvat et al. 1974 Schaminee et al, 2012
Teucrion buxifolii Rivas Goday 1956 Thermo-mesomediterranean chasmophyticlimestone crevice vegetation of eastern Iberian Peninsula Schaminee et al, 2012
Micromerion croaticae Horvat et al. 1974 Vegetation of calcareous rock faces and crevices of in subalpine belt of northwestern Dinarides Micromerion croaticae Horvat 1931; Micromerion croaticae Horvat 1937 Schaminee et al, 2012
Petrocoptidion glaucifoliae (P. Fernández et al. 1983) Rivas-Mart., Cantó et Izco in Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002 Orocantabrian-Bercian supra- and meso-mediterranean chasmophytic communities of open cave floors and crevices of rock overhangs Petrocoptidion cantabricum Fernandez Casas 1972; Rupicampanulion Rothmaler 1954; Petrocoptidion glaucifoliae (P. Fernández et al. 1983) Rivas-Mart. et Izco in Rivas-Mart. et al. 2001 Schaminee et al, 2012
Gypsophilion petraeae Borhidi et Pócs in Borhidi 1957 Vegetation of sunny calcareous rock faces and crevices in subalpine belt of Southern and Eastern Carpathians Asplenion rupestris Borza et Bo?caiu 1965 Schaminee et al, 2012
Phagnalo saxatilis-Cheilanthion maderensis Loisel 1970 corr. Pérez-Carro et al. 1989 Iberian rock crevice fern-rich vegetation of ultramafic substrates in regions of infra-supramediterranean subhumid to humid climate Asplenion cuneifolii mediterraneum P. da Silva 1970; Asplenio obovati-Cheilanthion maderensis Loisel 1970 corr. Sáenz et Rivas-Mart. 1979; Phagnalo saxatilis-Cheilanthion fragrantis Loisel 1970 Schaminee et al, 2012
Silenion auriculatae Quézel ex Quézel et al. 1992 Chasmophytic vegetation calcareous rocky crevices of southern mainland Hellas and Peloponnisos Silenion auriculatae Quézel 1964 Schaminee et al, 2012
Centaureo-Portenschlagiellion Trinajstic 1980 Thermophilous chasmophytic vegetation of limestone crevices of central and southern Adriatic coasts Schaminee et al, 2012
Violo biflorae-Cystopteridion alpinae Fernandez Casas 1970 Vegetation of shaded calcareous rock faces and crevices of temperate and boreal Europe, Arctic Ocean islands and Greenland Asplenion viridis subarcticum Nordhagen 1936; Ctenidio-Polypodion vulgaris S. Brullo et al. 2001; Cystopteridion Richard 1972; Moehringion muscosae Horvat et Horvatic 1962; Amphoricarpetalia Lakušic 1967; Corydalion ochroleucae Lakušic 1975; Moltkeetalia petraeae Lakušic 1964; Moltkeetalia petraeae Lakušic 1968; Amphoricarpetalia Lakušic 1968; Moltkeetalia petraeae Lakušic 1970 Schaminee et al, 2012
Saxifragion mediae Br.-Bl. in Meier et Br.-Bl. 1934 Vegetation of calcareous rock faces and crevices of montane to high-alpine belt of Eastern Pyrenees Saxifragion aizoonis Nègre 1968 Schaminee et al, 2012
Potentillion caulescentis Br.-Bl. In Br.-Bl. et Jenny 1926 Vegetation of calcareous rock faces and crevices in subalpine and alpine belts of Central and Eastern Alps and Western Carpathians Androsacion helveticae Gams 1936; Asplenion rutae-murariae Gams 1936; Caricion brachystachydis Horvat 1962; Potentillion caulescentis Br.-Bl. 1931; Caricion firmae Wendelberger 1962 Schaminee et al, 2012
Cheilanthion pulchellae Sáenz de Rivas et Rivas-Mart. 1979 Macaronesian rock crevice fern-rich vegetation of ultramafic substrates of regions of infra-mesomediterranean arid climate Schaminee et al, 2012
Dianthion rupicolae S. Brullo et Marcenó 1979 Thermo-mesomediterranean chasmophytic vegetation of limestone crevices of Tyrrhenian coasts of Sicila and Calabria Centaureion pentadactyli S. Brullo et al. 2001 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 62.1 Calcicolous chasmophyte communities same
CORINE Land Cover 3.3.2. Bare rock n/a
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 I112 Natural rock exposure: inland cliff, basic same
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 3.4.1 Paroi de roche calcaire narrower
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 4120000 Karbonátové n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 H3.1 Calcareous inland cliffs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 62.1 Vegetated calcareous inland cliffs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 62.1 Vegetated calcareous inland cliffs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 62.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 62.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 62.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 62.1   same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100