Moist and wet dune slacks

English name: Moist and wet dune slacks

Description (English)

Moist or wet depressions in coastal dune systems, sometimes with permanent water but more often only seasonally moist or flooded by fresh water. Dune-slacks are extremely rich and specialised habitats, very threatened by the lowering of water tables.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code B1.8
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Juncion maritimi Br.-Bl. ex Horvatic 1934 Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic coastal saline rush marsh vegetation under prolonged flooding regime Apio-Juncion maritimi Pop 1962; Apio-Juncion maritimi Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1963; Eco-Juncion maritimi Chapman 1954; Inulion crithmoidis S. Brullo et Furnari 1988; Juncion maritimi Br.-Bl. 1931; Juncion maritimi Chapman 1959; Limonio gmelinii-Juncion maritimi Golub et Solomakha 1988; Tetragonolobion siliquosi Pignatti 1953; Puccinellion festuciformis Géhu et Scoppola in Géhu et al. 1984; Glauco-Juncion maritimi Géhu et Géhu-Franck 1984; Glauco-Juncion maritimi Géhu et Géhu-Franck in Géhu 2007; Juncion maritimi Br.-Bl. ex Br.-Bl. et al. 1952 Schaminee et al, 2012
Hyperico elodis-Sparganion Br.-Bl. et Tx. ex Oberd. 1957 Vegetation of amphibious plants in shallow mesotrophic waters on organic substrates in Atlantic region of Europe Eleocharition multicaulis Vanden Berghen 1969; Helodo-Sparganion Br.-Bl. et Tx. 1943 (orig. form); Hyperico-Juncion bulbosi Segal 1968; Baldellion repentis (Schaminée et Westhoff in Schaminée et al. 1992) Pietsch 1995; Elodo palustris-Sparganion Br.-Bl. et Tx. ex Oberd. 1957; Hydrocotylo vulgaris-Baldellion ranunculoidis Tx. et Dierßen in Dierßen 1973 (sensu Rivas-Mart. et al. 2011: 179); Hydrocotylo vulgaris-Baldellion ranunculoidis Tx. et Dierßen in Dierßen 1975; Hypericion elodis T. Müller et Görs 1960; Hyperico-Juncion bulbosi Pietsch 1971; Juncion bulbosi Segal 1968; Littorello-Eleocharition multicaulis Sjögren 1973; Samolo valerandi-Baldellion ranunculoidis Schaminée et Westhoff in Schaminée et al. 1992 Schaminee et al, 2012
Spergularion macrorhizae Gamisans 1990 Cyrno-Sardean aerohaline short-lived vegetation of disturbed aerohaline sandy habitats Catapodion marini Paradis et al. 1999 Schaminee et al, 2012
Romuleo-Saginion (Wolff 1968) Mucina nom. nov. hoc loco Aerohaline short-lived vegetation of disturbed sandy habitats of north Aegean Hellenic coasts Saginion mediterraneum Wolff 1968 Schaminee et al, 2012
Isoëtion Br.-Bl. 1935 Pioneer ephemeral quillwort vegetation of temporary pools and seaonally wet depressions of Mediterranean Antinorio agrostideae-Isoetion velatae de Foucault 1988; Crassulo vaillantii-Lythrion borysthenici de Foucault 1988; Isoëtion Br.-Bl. 1931; Isoëtion duriei Br.-Bl. 1935 corr. O. de Bolòs et al. 1990; Isoëtion velatae Br.-Bl. 1935 corr. Rivas Goday 1970; Ophioglosso lusitanici-Isoëtion histricis de Foucault 1988; Serapiadion Aubert et Loisel 1972; Serapiadion cordigero-linguae de Foucault 2012 Schaminee et al, 2012
Plantaginion crassifoliae Br.-Bl. ex Br.-Bl. et al. 1952 Western Tyrrhenian and Provencal saline swards of margins of lagoons and damp dune-slacks Plantaginion crassifoliae Br.-Bl. 1931; Schoenion ferruginei Rivas Goday 1945 Schaminee et al, 2012
Potentillion anserinae Tx. 1947 Temporarily flooded heavily grazed nutrient-rich grasslands and herblands in habitat experiencing variable wet-dry or brackish-fresh conditions in temperate Europe Ranunculo sardoi-Plantaginion intermediae Julve 1993; Blysmo-Juncion compressi Knapp 1971; Eu-Agropyro-Rumicion Westhoff et Den Held 1969; Juncion effusi Westhoff et Den Held 1969; Lolio-Potentillion anserinae Tx. 1947; Poion palustris Shelyag-Sosonko et al. 1985; Poion palustris Shelyag-Sosonko et al. 1986; Potentillion anserinae von Rochow 1948; Agrostion stoloniferae Görs 1966; Festucion arundinaceae Duvigneaud in Géhu 1999 Schaminee et al, 2012
Lolio-Plantaginion commutatae Horvatic 1934 Aerohaline short-lived vegetation of disturbed sandy habitats of seaboards of Adriatic Sea Pholiurio-Spergularion Pignatti 1952; Puccinellion distantis (Soó 1933) Pignatti 1953 Schaminee et al, 2012
Sileno sedoidis-Catapodion loliacei de Foucault et Bioret 2010 Aerohaline short-lived vegetation of disturbed sandy habitats of south Aegean coasts and Cyprus Schaminee et al, 2012
Saginion maritimae Westhoff et al. 1962 Atlantic-Western Mediterranean ephemeral aerohaline vegetation on bare sandy flats of disturbed salt-marshes Centaurion vulgaris Freijsen 1967; Saginion maritimae Westhoff et al. 1961 Schaminee et al, 2012
Agropyro-Plantaginion maritimi Horvatic 1934 Central and Eastern Mediterranean saline swards of margins of lagoons and damp dune-slacks Schoenion litorale Pignatti 1953 Schaminee et al, 2012
Limonion etrusci Viciani et al. 2012 Tuscan saline swards of temporary damp dune-slacks Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 16.3 Humid dune-slacks same
CORINE Land Cover 3.3.1. Beaches, dunes, and sand plains n/a
HELCOM Baltic Sea Marine and Coastal Biotopes 1998 03.04.07 Coastal dunes: wet dune slacks same
HELCOM Baltic Sea Marine and Coastal Biotopes 1998 03.04.07.01 Coastal dunes: wet dune slacks: with no or low vegetation same
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 H64 Sand-dune: dune slack same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B1.8 Moist and wet dune slacks same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B1.8 Moist and wet dune slacks same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B1.8 Moist and wet dune slacks same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B1.8 Moist and wet dune slacks same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B1.8 Moist and wet dune slacks same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B5.4 Moist and wet dune slacks same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 16.3 Humid dune-slacks same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 16.3 Humid dune-slacks same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 16.3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 16.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 16.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 16.3   same
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