EUNIS habitat classification 2012 > B - Coastal habitats > B2 - Coastal shingle > B2.1 - Shingle beach driftlines

Shingle beach driftlines

English name: Shingle beach driftlines

Description (English)

The lowest level of the supralittoral, just above the normal tide limit, where drift material accumulates and the shingle may be rich in nitrogenous organic matter. Vegetation, if present at all, is very open and composed of annuals or, particularly by the Mediterranean, especially the east Mediterranean, of annuals and perennials, occupying accumulations of drift material and gravels rich in nitrogenous organic matter; characteristic are Cakile maritima, Salsola kali, Atriplex spp., Polygonum spp., Euphorbia peplis, Mertensia maritima, and, particularly in Mediterranean formations, Glaucium flavum, Matthiola sinuata, Matthiola tricuspidata, Euphorbia paralias, Eryngium maritimum.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code B2.1
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Elymo littorei-Rumicion crispi (Nordhagen 1940) Isermann et Dengler in Isermann 2004 Boreo-atlantic pioneer vegetation of coastal shingle beaches enriched with organic detritus of Baltic and North Sea coasts Agropyro-Rumicion Nordhagen 1940 nom. ambig. propos.; Elytrigio-Rumicion crispi Nordhagen 1940 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Atriplicion littoralis Nordhagen 1940 North Atlantic and Baltic strandline communities on silty substrates Cakilion Oberd. 1949; Cakilion Oberd. 1950; Atriplici laciniatae-Salsolion kali Géhu 1975; Atriplici sabulosae-Salsolion kali Géhu 1975 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Cakilion edentulae Thannheiser 1981 Halo-nitrophilous strandline vegetation of boreo-atlantic European and Azorean coasts Schaminee et al, 2012
Honckenyo diffusae-Leymion mollis Géhu 1999 Vegetation of grassy swards on rocky and sandy beaches of shores of Greenland Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 17.2 Shingle beach drift lines and pioneer swards same
CORINE Land Cover 3.3.1. Beaches, dunes, and sand plains n/a
HELCOM Baltic Sea Marine and Coastal Biotopes 1998 03.02.02 Beaches: gravel and shingle beaches same
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 H5 Strandline vegetation wider
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B2.1 Shingle beach driftlines same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B2.1 Shingle beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B2.1 Shingle beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B2.1 Shingle beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B2.1 Shingle beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B6.1 Shingle beach driftline habitats same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 17.2 Shingle beach drift lines same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 17.2 Shingle beach drift lines same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 17.2   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 17.2   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 17.2   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 17.2   same
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