EUNIS habitat classification 2012 > F - Heathland, scrub and tundra > F2 - Arctic, alpine and subalpine scrub > F2.1 - Subarctic and alpine dwarf willow scrub

Subarctic and alpine dwarf willow scrub

English name: Subarctic and alpine dwarf willow scrub

Description (English)

Salix scrub composed of species that rarely exceed 1.5 m in height. Dwarf willow scrub is well developed in boreal and arctic mountains and in subarctic lowlands. In mountains of the nemoral and warm-temperate zones, stands of dwarf willow scrub are of much smaller extent and are charactistic of late-lying snow patches. They occur in the Alps, Pyrenees, Carpathians and Caucasus, and very locally to the south in the Paeonian mountains, Sierra Nevada, Cordillera Central, Monti Sibillini and Abruzzi. They occur locally in the Scottish Highlands and in the Sudeten.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code F2.1

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Salici herbaceae-Caricion lachenalii Béguin et Theurillat 1982 Vegetation of sandy-gravely siliceous alluvia dominated by arctic-alpine species in alpine belt of Alps Schaminee et al, 2012
Salicion herbaceae Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et Jenny 1926 Snow-bed communities on siliceous substrates of alpine and nival belts of mountains of nemoral zone of Europe Nardo-Salicion herbaceae Englisch 1999; Luzulion spadiceae Rübel 1933 Schaminee et al, 2012
Cassiopo-Salicion herbaceae Nordhagen 1943 Arctic and boreo-arctic snow-bed dwarf-scrub communities on siliceous substrates of Scandinavia, Svalbard, Iceland and Greenland Herbaceion Du Rietz 1950 (orig. form); Herbaceion Gjaerevoll 1956 (orig. form); Luzulion arcticae (Nordhagen 1936) Gjaervoll 1956; Luzulion nivalis Nordhagen 1936; Cassiopeto-Salicion herbaceae Nordhagen 1936 (orig. form); Salicion herbaceae Du Rietz 1942 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 36.1 Snow-patch communities wider
CORINE Land Cover 3.3.3. Sparsely vegetated areas n/a
Biodiversity Broad Habitat Classification (UK) 15 Montane habitats wider
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 4.4 Combes à neige wider
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F2.1 Subarctic and alpine dwarf willow scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F2.1 Snow-patch dwarf willow scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F2.1 Snow-patch dwarf willow scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F2.1 Snow-patch dwarf willow scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F3.1 Snow-patch dwarf willow scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F3.1 Snow patch dwarf willow scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 36.1 Part of Snow-patch communities wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 36.1 Part of Snow-patch communities wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 36.1   wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 36.1   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 36.1   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 36.1   wider
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