Shrub tundra

Description (English)

Tundra with a usually extensive cover of sub-shrubs or low shrubs over herbs, mosses and lichens on sporadically permafrost soils of the southern arctic and subarctic zones, often grazed into grassy mosaics

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S1-1

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Fungi Cladonia amaurocraea
Flowering Plants Cassiope tetragona
Fungi Cetraria nivalis
Flowering Plants Betula nana
Mosses & Liverworts Aulacomnium turgidum
Flowering Plants Pedicularis lapponica
Flowering Plants Salix polaris
Fungi Cetraria cucullata
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Fungi Thamnolia vermicularis
Fungi Stereocaulon paschale
Fungi Cetraria ericetorum
Fungi Sphaerophorus globosus
Mosses & Liverworts Sphenolobus minutus
Flowering Plants Rubus chamaemorus
Flowering Plants Carex rariflora
Fungi Cladonia arbuscula
Fungi Nephroma arcticum
Fungi Cladonia stellaris

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cladonia amaurocraea Fungi
Cassiope tetragona Flowering Plants
Cetraria nivalis Fungi
Betula nana Flowering Plants
Aulacomnium turgidum Mosses & Liverworts
Pedicularis lapponica Flowering Plants
Salix polaris Flowering Plants
Cetraria cucullata Fungi
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Thamnolia vermicularis Fungi
Stereocaulon paschale Fungi
Cetraria ericetorum Fungi
Sphaerophorus globosus Fungi
Sphenolobus minutus Mosses & Liverworts
Rubus chamaemorus Flowering Plants
Carex rariflora Flowering Plants
Cladonia arbuscula Fungi
Nephroma arcticum Fungi
Cladonia stellaris Fungi
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum
Flowering Plants Betula nana
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Fungi Cladonia arbuscula
Fungi Cetraria nivalis
Flowering Plants Rubus chamaemorus
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichum strictum
Fungi Cladonia uncialis
Fungi Cladonia amaurocraea
Fungi Cetraria islandica
Flowering Plants Cassiope tetragona
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Fungi Thamnolia vermicularis
Flowering Plants Salix polaris
Flowering Plants Polygonum viviparum
Flowering Plants Pedicularis lapponica
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Fungi Cladonia gracilis

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum Flowering Plants
Betula nana Flowering Plants
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Cladonia arbuscula Fungi
Cetraria nivalis Fungi
Rubus chamaemorus Flowering Plants
Polytrichum strictum Mosses & Liverworts
Cladonia uncialis Fungi
Cladonia amaurocraea Fungi
Cetraria islandica Fungi
Cassiope tetragona Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Thamnolia vermicularis Fungi
Salix polaris Flowering Plants
Polygonum viviparum Flowering Plants
Pedicularis lapponica Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Cladonia gracilis Fungi
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum
Flowering Plants Cassiope tetragona
Fungi Stereocaulon paschale
Flowering Plants Rubus chamaemorus
Fungi Ochrolechia frigida
Mosses & Liverworts Drepanocladus uncinatus
Fungi Cladonia arbuscula
Mosses & Liverworts Aulacomnium palustre
Flowering Plants Arctostaphylos alpinus

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Empetrum nigrum Flowering Plants
Cassiope tetragona Flowering Plants
Stereocaulon paschale Fungi
Rubus chamaemorus Flowering Plants
Ochrolechia frigida Fungi
Drepanocladus uncinatus Mosses & Liverworts
Cladonia arbuscula Fungi
Aulacomnium palustre Mosses & Liverworts
Arctostaphylos alpinus Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types
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