EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > S - Heathland, scrub and tundra > S1 - Tundra > S1-2 - Moss and lichen tundra

Moss and lichen tundra

Description (English)

Tundra of the middle and northern high arctic zone where permafrost soils, often occurring in patterned ground, support a frequently sparse cover of mosses, lichens and low herbs.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S1-2

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Salix polaris
Flowering Plants Dryas octopetala
Flowering Plants Cerastium nigrescens
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum
Fungi Cladonia stellaris
Fungi Cetraria cucullata
Fungi Cetraria nivalis
Flowering Plants Betula nana
Flowering Plants Saxifraga oppositifolia
Flowering Plants Pedicularis lapponica
Flowering Plants Luzula confusa
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum elongatum
Fungi Cladonia rangiferina
Fungi Sphaerophorus globosus
Fungi Ochrolechia frigida
Flowering Plants Carex bigelowii
Flowering Plants Rubus chamaemorus
Flowering Plants Ranunculus affinis

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Salix polaris Flowering Plants
Dryas octopetala Flowering Plants
Cerastium nigrescens Flowering Plants
Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum Flowering Plants
Cladonia stellaris Fungi
Cetraria cucullata Fungi
Cetraria nivalis Fungi
Betula nana Flowering Plants
Saxifraga oppositifolia Flowering Plants
Pedicularis lapponica Flowering Plants
Luzula confusa Flowering Plants
Dicranum elongatum Mosses & Liverworts
Cladonia rangiferina Fungi
Sphaerophorus globosus Fungi
Ochrolechia frigida Fungi
Carex bigelowii Flowering Plants
Rubus chamaemorus Flowering Plants
Ranunculus affinis Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Dryas octopetala
Flowering Plants Salix polaris
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Flowering Plants Polygonum viviparum
Fungi Cladonia rangiferina
Flowering Plants Betula nana
Flowering Plants Saxifraga oppositifolia
Flowering Plants Rubus chamaemorus
Fungi Cladonia stellaris
Fungi Cetraria nivalis
Fungi Cetraria cucullata
Flowering Plants Cerastium nigrescens
Flowering Plants Carex bigelowii
Fungi Sphaerophorus globosus
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichum juniperinum
Flowering Plants Pedicularis lapponica

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Dryas octopetala Flowering Plants
Salix polaris Flowering Plants
Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum Flowering Plants
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Polygonum viviparum Flowering Plants
Cladonia rangiferina Fungi
Betula nana Flowering Plants
Saxifraga oppositifolia Flowering Plants
Rubus chamaemorus Flowering Plants
Cladonia stellaris Fungi
Cetraria nivalis Fungi
Cetraria cucullata Fungi
Cerastium nigrescens Flowering Plants
Carex bigelowii Flowering Plants
Sphaerophorus globosus Fungi
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Polytrichum juniperinum Mosses & Liverworts
Pedicularis lapponica Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum
Fungi Cladonia stellaris
Mosses & Liverworts Racomitrium lanuginosum
Fungi Cetraria nivalis
Flowering Plants Betula nana

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Empetrum nigrum subsp. hermaphroditum Flowering Plants
Cladonia stellaris Fungi
Racomitrium lanuginosum Mosses & Liverworts
Cetraria nivalis Fungi
Betula nana Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F1.2 Moss and lichen tundra same new description
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F1.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F1.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F1.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F1.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E5.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E5.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 39.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 39.2 Moss and lichen tundra same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 39.2   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 39.2   same
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