EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > S - Heathland, scrub and tundra > S2 - Arctic, alpine and subalpine scrub > S2-3 - Alpine and subalpine Juniperus scrub

Alpine and subalpine Juniperus scrub

Description (English)

Juniper-dominated vegetation of the montane to sub-alpine belts of European mountains, occurring as primary vegetation tolerant of both high exposure and snow-lie, but also a secondary derivative of deforested, long-grazed and eroded ground at high altitides.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S2-3

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. alpina
Flowering Plants Bruckenthalia spiculifolia
Flowering Plants Brachypodium genuense
Flowering Plants Lerchenfeldia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Genista depressa
Flowering Plants Daphne oleoides
Flowering Plants Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Flowering Plants Potentilla ternata
Flowering Plants Viola eugeniae
Flowering Plants Sesleria tenuifolia
Flowering Plants Festuca valida
Flowering Plants Globularia meridionalis
Flowering Plants Viola dacica
Flowering Plants Carlina macrocephala

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis subsp. alpina Conifers
Bruckenthalia spiculifolia Flowering Plants
Brachypodium genuense Flowering Plants
Lerchenfeldia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Genista depressa Flowering Plants
Daphne oleoides Flowering Plants
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Flowering Plants
Potentilla ternata Flowering Plants
Viola eugeniae Flowering Plants
Sesleria tenuifolia Flowering Plants
Festuca valida Flowering Plants
Globularia meridionalis Flowering Plants
Viola dacica Flowering Plants
Carlina macrocephala Flowering Plants
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. alpina
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Nardus stricta
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Flowering Plants Thymus praecox
Flowering Plants Helianthemum nummularium
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Lotus corniculatus
Flowering Plants Potentilla erecta
Flowering Plants Agrostis capillaris
Flowering Plants Luzula luzuloides
Flowering Plants Lerchenfeldia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Daphne oleoides
Flowering Plants Bruckenthalia spiculifolia
Flowering Plants Bromus erectus

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis subsp. alpina Conifers
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Nardus stricta Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Flowering Plants
Thymus praecox Flowering Plants
Helianthemum nummularium Flowering Plants
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Lotus corniculatus Flowering Plants
Potentilla erecta Flowering Plants
Agrostis capillaris Flowering Plants
Luzula luzuloides Flowering Plants
Lerchenfeldia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Daphne oleoides Flowering Plants
Bruckenthalia spiculifolia Flowering Plants
Bromus erectus Flowering Plants
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. alpina
Flowering Plants Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis subsp. alpina Conifers
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F2.2 Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub narrower split
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F2.2 Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F2.2 Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F2.2 Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F2.2 Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F3.2 Alpine, subalpine and boreal heaths and dwarf-shrub mats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F3.2 Alpine and boreal heaths and dwarf-shrub mats same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 31.4 Alpine and boreal heaths same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 31.4 Alpine and boreal heaths same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 31.4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 31.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 31.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 31.4   same
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