Subalpine Pinus mugo scrub

Description (English)

Pinus mugo krummholz on mineral soils with long snow-lie above the tree line through the mountains of central and eastern Europe. Woody and herbaceous associates and the sometimes abundant bryophyte layer vary according to the base-richness of the soils and ground moisture.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S2-6

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Pinus mugo
Flowering Plants Rhododendron hirsutum
Flowering Plants Sorbus chamaemespilus
Flowering Plants Erica herbacea
Flowering Plants Salix glabra
Flowering Plants Homogyne alpina
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Rhodothamnus chamaecistus
Flowering Plants Lonicera caerulea
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis villosa
Flowering Plants Salix waldsteiniana
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. alpina
Flowering Plants Salix appendiculata
Flowering Plants Laserpitium peucedanoides
Flowering Plants Clematis alpina
Flowering Plants Daphne striata
Flowering Plants Valeriana montana
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Rhododendron ferrugineum
Flowering Plants Valeriana saxatilis

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus mugo Conifers
Rhododendron hirsutum Flowering Plants
Sorbus chamaemespilus Flowering Plants
Erica herbacea Flowering Plants
Salix glabra Flowering Plants
Homogyne alpina Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Rhodothamnus chamaecistus Flowering Plants
Lonicera caerulea Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis villosa Flowering Plants
Salix waldsteiniana Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis subsp. alpina Conifers
Salix appendiculata Flowering Plants
Laserpitium peucedanoides Flowering Plants
Clematis alpina Flowering Plants
Daphne striata Flowering Plants
Valeriana montana Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Rhododendron ferrugineum Flowering Plants
Valeriana saxatilis Flowering Plants
Conifers Pinus mugo
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Homogyne alpina
Flowering Plants Erica herbacea
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Flowering Plants Rhododendron hirsutum
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Flowering Plants Sesleria caerulea
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Hieracium murorum
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis villosa
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. alpina
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Sorbus chamaemespilus
Flowering Plants Solidago virgaurea
Flowering Plants Rubus saxatilis
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Flowering Plants Viola biflora

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus mugo Conifers
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Homogyne alpina Flowering Plants
Erica herbacea Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Rhododendron hirsutum Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Sesleria caerulea Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Hieracium murorum Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis villosa Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis subsp. alpina Conifers
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Sorbus chamaemespilus Flowering Plants
Solidago virgaurea Flowering Plants
Rubus saxatilis Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Viola biflora Flowering Plants
Conifers Pinus mugo
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Erica herbacea
Flowering Plants Rhododendron hirsutum
Flowering Plants Rhododendron ferrugineum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus mugo Conifers
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Erica herbacea Flowering Plants
Rhododendron hirsutum Flowering Plants
Rhododendron ferrugineum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types
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