EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > S - Heathland, scrub and tundra > S3 - Temperate and mediterranean-montane scrub > S3-1 - Lowland to montane temperate and submediterranean Juniperus scrub

Lowland to montane temperate and submediterranean Juniperus scrub

Description (English)

Juniperus communis scrub on nutrient-poor sandy and calcareous soils through the temperate and submediterranean lowlands and foothills of Europe. The juniper can be very patchy in occurrence, often related to past land-use, and with a striking variety of growth forms, the associated flora being very diverse according to soil base-status, sharing much in common, where the scrub is open, with local calcicolous grasslands or heath.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S3-1
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis
Mosses & Liverworts Barbilophozia barbata
Flowering Plants Berberis aetnensis
Mosses & Liverworts Campylopus pyriformis

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Barbilophozia barbata Mosses & Liverworts
Berberis aetnensis Flowering Plants
Campylopus pyriformis Mosses & Liverworts
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Potentilla erecta
Mosses & Liverworts Hypnum jutlandicum
Flowering Plants Hieracium pilosella
Flowering Plants Festuca ovina
Flowering Plants Agrostis capillaris
Flowering Plants Sanguisorba minor
Mosses & Liverworts Pseudoscleropodium purum
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Lotus corniculatus
Flowering Plants Galium saxatile
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Potentilla erecta Flowering Plants
Hypnum jutlandicum Mosses & Liverworts
Hieracium pilosella Flowering Plants
Festuca ovina Flowering Plants
Agrostis capillaris Flowering Plants
Sanguisorba minor Flowering Plants
Pseudoscleropodium purum Mosses & Liverworts
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Lotus corniculatus Flowering Plants
Galium saxatile Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F3.16 Juniperus communis scrub same level changed (F3.1 & F3.2 merged then split)
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F3.16 Juniperus communis scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F3.16 Juniperus communis scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F3.16 Juniperus communis scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F3.16 Juniperus communis scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F1.36 Juniperus communis scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F1.36 Common juniper scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 31.88 Common juniper scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 31.88 Common juniper scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 31.88   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 31.88   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 31.88   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 31.88   same
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