EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > S - Heathland, scrub and tundra > S3 - Temperate and mediterranean-montane scrub > S3-5 - Temperate and submediterranean thorn scrub

Temperate and submediterranean thorn scrub

Description (English)

Scrub dominated by a diversity of mostly thorny shrubs, small trees and saplings, in successions and ecotones on mesic soils in a wide variety of semi-natural landscapes through the temperate and submediterranean lowlands of Europe but sometimes extending to higher altitudes, as with the Balkan šibljak. The dominants and associated floras vary widely with differences in regional climate and soils.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S3-5

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Prunus spinosa
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Prunus spinosa Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Prunus spinosa
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Flowering Plants Urtica dioica
Flowering Plants Cornus sanguinea
Flowering Plants Ligustrum vulgare
Flowering Plants Galium aparine
Flowering Plants Sambucus nigra
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Euonymus europaeus
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Clematis vitalba
Flowering Plants Rubus caesius
Flowering Plants Glechoma hederacea
Flowering Plants Geum urbanum
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Prunus spinosa Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Urtica dioica Flowering Plants
Cornus sanguinea Flowering Plants
Ligustrum vulgare Flowering Plants
Galium aparine Flowering Plants
Sambucus nigra Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Euonymus europaeus Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Clematis vitalba Flowering Plants
Rubus caesius Flowering Plants
Glechoma hederacea Flowering Plants
Geum urbanum Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Prunus spinosa
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Sambucus nigra
Flowering Plants Cornus sanguinea
Flowering Plants Ligustrum vulgare

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Prunus spinosa Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Sambucus nigra Flowering Plants
Cornus sanguinea Flowering Plants
Ligustrum vulgare Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Not available For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F3.1 Temperate thickets and scrub complex merged & split
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F3.2 Submediterranean deciduous thickets and brushes complex merged & split
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F3.1 Temperate thickets and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F3.2 Submediterranean deciduous thickets and brushes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F3.2 Mediterraneo-montane broadleaved deciduous thickets same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F3.1 Temperate thickets and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F3.1 Temperate thickets and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F3.2 Mediterraneo-montane broadleaved deciduous thickets same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F3.1 Temperate thickets and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F3.2 Mediterraneo-montane broadleaved deciduous thickets same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F1.3 Temperate thickets and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F2.5 Sub-mediterranean broadleaved deciduous thickets same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F1.3 Thorn-thickets, hedgerows and lowland scrub same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 31.8 Western Eurasian thickets same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 31.8 Western Eurasian thickets same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 31.8   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 31.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 31.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 31.8   same
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